Flashcards in Week 10 Deck (15):
Alan Baddeley's model of working memory posited a different way of characterising short term memory. Describe this
Working memory has central executive function where information processing takes place. He added the episodic buffer
Describe how configurations of items to be memorised provides evidence of working memory.
Triangle, circle square (words), in linear or triangle, linear formation quicker. Same experiment with symbols, triangular formation was quicker because is was the same as the presented symbols, linear was quicker because it was words. This provides evidence of 2 different subsytems in the working memory (visuospatial sketchpad, and phonological loop.
Baddeley's (1974) experiment on rehearsal showed that memory is modulated by the speed at which we rehearse information, displaying that ____ words are easier to memorise.
Using the phonological loop you are maintaing ____ in working memory, using the ____ part of the brain
language, Brodmanns areas 44, 40
Using the visuospatial sketchpad, you are maintaining _____ in working memory, using the _____ part of the brain
occipital/parietal, visual information
Patients with damage to the Broca's area exhibit….
cannot speak fluently
Damage to Weirnikes area
speak fluently, but grammar messed up, or grammar ok, but processing of meaning is messed up. E.g. speaking in fluent manner, but speech didn't make sense.
Explain the monkey experiment of working memory, and it's significant
2 right and wrong options presented, delay, lesions with frontal cortex couldn't perform the task, 'couldn't remember', only segments of the frontal cortex is activated during delay, indicating that this area is important for working memory.
Name the 2 types of long term memory
declarative (explicit) and non-declarative (implicit)
______ memory does not require active and continuos rehearsal
Name a big distinction between declarative and non-declarative memory
Declarative you are actively retrieving information (e.g. dates, times) whereas implicit memory is skills and habits and procedures, you can't actively 'remember'.
Describe episodic memory
type of declarative, in which you remember past episodes, 3 components, what , where, who
Describe the paradigm of elaborative processing
experiments comparing subjects generating synonyms and rhymes remembered better than when they were simply given to the subjects. Improvements in recognition and performance better, and also synonym was better than rhyme. Same with participants required to
Intention to learn has more of an impact on learning than depth of processing, T/F