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Nurp 500: Health Assessment > Week 11- Neuro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 11- Neuro Deck (90)
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1

4 regions of brain:

Cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, cerebellum

2

Aggregation of neuronal cell bodies:

Gray matter

3

Neuronal axons that are coated with myelin:

White matter

4

These allow nerve impulses to travel more quickly:

Myelin sheaths

5

Sections of spine:

Cervical c1-c8
Thoracic t1-t12
Sacral s1-s5
Coccygeal

6

The brain and the spinal cord:

CNS

7

Cranial nerves and the peripheral nerves:

PNS

8

The corticospinal tract, the basal ganglia system, the cerebellar system:

Motor pathways

9

Reflexes, conscious sensation, body position, regulate autonomic functions:

Sensory pathways

10

Muscle stretch reflexes (deep tendon reflexes):

Reflexes

11

Common or concerning neuro symptoms:

HA, dizziness

12

Primary HA:

Migraine, cluster, and trigemjnal autonomic cpehalgias

13

Red flags for HAs:

Sudden/thunderclap
New onset after 50
Fever/stiff neck
Worst HA of my life- subarachnoid hemorrhage
Dull HA increased by coughing
Recurring in the same position- Tumor/abscess
Migraine (pound)

14

Pins and needles:

Paresthesias

15

Distorted sensations:

Dysesthesias

16

A rhythmic oscillatory movement of a body part resulting from contraction of opposing muscle groups:

Tremors

17

An infarction of CNS tissue

Cerebrovascular ischemia

18

Transient episode of neuro dysfunction caused by focal brain, spinal cord, or retinal ischemia without infarction:

TIA

19

ABDC2 for stroke:

Age greater/equal to 60
BP greater than/equal to 140/90
Clinical features of focal weakness, impaired speech without focal weakness
Duration 10-59 minutes of greater/equal to 60 minutes
Diabetes

20

This causes visual field cuts and contra lateral hemiparesis and sensory deficits:

Occlusion of the middle cerebral artery

21

This causes aphasia:

Occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery

22

This cause neglect or inattention to the opposite side of the body:

Occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery

23

Warning signs of stroke:

Face drooping
Arm weakness
Speech difficulty
Time to call

24

Modifiable risk factors for stroke:

HTN
Smoking
Dyslipidemia
Diabetes
Weight, diet, nutrition
Physical activity
Alcohol use

25

Disease specific risk factors for stroke:

Afib
CAD
OSA

26

Most common, slowly progressive, often asymptomatic, risk factor for ulcerations, arthropathy, and amputation:

Distal symmetric polyneuropathy

27

Unilateral thigh pain and proximal lower extremity weakness:

Autonomic dysfunction, mononeuropathies, and polyradiculopathies

28

Diabetic foot exam should include:

Pin prick sensation
Ankle reflexes
Vibration perception
Plantar light touch sensation (semmes-weinstein monofilament)

29

This often causes burning electrical pain in the lower extremities, often at night:

Distal symmetric polyneuropathy

30

Reactivation of latent varicella within the sensory ganglia that causes painful, unilateral vesicular rashes in dermatomal distribution:

Herpes zoster