Flashcards in Week 8: Respiratory Deck (47)
What does the diaphragm do during inspiration?
Diaphragm contracts and flattens, descends in the chest wall, expands the abdominal wall.
What does the diaphragm do during expiration?
Diaphragm relaxes, chest wall and lungs recoil (contract).
Cough with cardiac happens with:
Left-sided heart failure
Acute cough time frame:
Less than 3 weeks
Duration of subacute cough:
Duration of chronic cough:
Greater than 8 weeks
Acute cough causes:
Viral URI, acute bronchitis, foreign body, smoking, ACE-I
Causes of subacute cough:
Post infectious, pertussis, reflux, bacterial sinusitis, asthma
Causes of chronic cough:
PND, asthma, GERD, chronic bronchitis, bronchiestasis
Type of mucus that is translucent, white, grey
Mucoid mucus is typically:
Type of mucus that is yellow, green:
Purulent mucus is typically:
Foul smelling mucus is typically related to:
Thick/tenacious mucus is related to:
Hemoptysis can occur with:
Bronchitis, malignancy, CF
Normal breath sounds:
Vesicular, bronchovesicular, bronchial, tracheal
Adventitious breath sounds:
Crackles (rales), wheezes, rhonchi
Silent chest indicative of:
Blood originating from the ___ is usually darker than blood from the respiratory tract and may be mixed with food particles.
Asymmetry with chest expansion is indicative:
Of pleural effusion
This technique is imprecise and detects asymmetry of the chest also detects transmitted vibrations
Normal percussion sounds for lungs:
Breath sounds are usually louder in the:
Lower posterior lung fields
Breath sounds may be decreased when air flow is decreased as in: ____ or when transmission of sound is poor as in:______
Obstructive Lung disease prevention respiratory muscle weakness
Pleural effusion, pneumothorax, or COPD
With this exam technique ask the patient to say “ee”. You will normally hear a muffled long E sound.
With this exam technique, ask the patient to say 99. Normally the sounds transmitted through the chest wall are muffled and in distinct. Louder voice sounds are called this:
An e to a change indicated egophany is present and hearing a 99 clearly indicates bronchophony is present. Both of this is seen in:
Lobar consolidation from pneumonia
With this exam technique, ask the patient to whisper 99 or 1-2-3. The whispered voice is normally heard faintly and indistinctly, if at all.