Week 3: Derm Flashcards Preview

Nurp 500: Health Assessment > Week 3: Derm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 3: Derm Deck (100)
Loading flashcards...
1

The skin has 2 layers:

1. Epidermis
2. Dermis

2

The epidermis is the:

Outer highly differentiated later.

3

The dermis is the:

Inner supportive layer

4

Melanin is found in what layer?

The epidermis

5

The epidermis has 2 layers:

1. Stratum corneum- outer horny layer
2. Cellular stratum

6

The outer horny layer of the epidermis is:

A layer of dead keratinized cells and is the derivation of skin color.

7

The dermis is made up of:

Connective tissue or collagen,elastic tissue, sensory nerve fibers, blood vessels, sebaceous glands, and hair follicles.

8

Epidermal appendages include:

Hair
Sebaceous glands
Sweat glands
Nails

9

Types of sweat glands:

Eccrine
Apocrine

10

Type of sweat gland that opens directly onto the surface of the skin and regulates body temperature through water secretion.

Eccrine

11

This is formed by epidermal cells that invaginate into the dermal layers.

Hair

12

Type of hair that is short, fine, and nonpigmented:

Vellus

13

Type of hair that is coarser, longer, thicker, and usually pigmented:

Terminal

14

These secrete sebum and are under control of sex hormones (primarily testosterone).

Sebaceous

15

Sebum in the newborn:

Holds water in the skin, is present for the few weeks of life and produces milia and seborrheic dermatitis (cradle cap).

16

When do eccrine sweat glands secrete in response to heat in infants?

Do not start to secrete until the first few months of life and then only minimally throughout childhood.

17

Questions to ask for subjective data r/t derm:

Past hx of skin disease, allergies, hives, psoriasis, or eczema?
Change in color?
Change is mole size, shape, color, and tenderness?
Itching?
Bruising?
Rash or lesions?
Medications?

18

What is the most common of skin symptoms?

Pruritus

19

Angle of nail base should be:

About 160 degrees

20

Abcde rule to detect suspicious lesions:

A- asymmetry
B- border
C- color
D- diameter
E- elevation and enlargement

21

What type of microscopic examination of skin scrapings can be used to examine for fungal disorders (hyphae or spores)?

Potassium hydroxide (KOH)

22

Round lesions:

Annular or circular

23

Lesions that flow/come together:

Confluent

24

Lesions that do not become blended:

Discrete

25

Lesions that cluster together:

Grouped

26

Lesions that are whirling in a circle:

Gyrate

27

Lesions in concentric rings:

Target or iris

28

Lesions that are in a line:

Linear

29

Lesions that are merged circles:

Polycyclic

30

Lesions that are band-like, unilateral, and are located along the cutaneous distribution of dermatome:

Zosteriform