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Nurp 500: Health Assessment > Week 12- MSK > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 12- MSK Deck (59)
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1

An anatomical term used to refer to the joint-related structures outside of a joint:

Extra-articular

2

Include the joint capsule and articular cartilage, synovium and synovial fluid

Articular structures

3

Usually involves swelling and tenderness of the entire joint:

Articular disease

4

Includes peri-articular ligaments, tendons, bursae, muscle, fascia, bone, never and overlying skin:

Extra-articular structures

5

Typically involved point or focal tenderness in the regions adjacent to the articular structure:

Extra-articular disease

6

This type of disease can have crepitus, instability, locking or deformity; may have limited AROM and PROM d/t pain and stiffness

Articular disease

7

This type of disease rarely causes swelling, instability, or joint deformity

Extra-articular disease

8

This connects bone to bone:

Ligaments

9

These connect muscle to bone:

Tendons

10

These are pouches of synovial fluid that cushions the movement of the tendons and muscles over bone and other joint structures

Bursae

11

Intervening layers of fibrous tissue or cartilage that holds the bones together:

Fibrous joints i.e. sutures of the skull

12

This is the leading cause of patients seeking health care:

Joint pain

13

This type of joint disease has decrease AROM and PROM, am stiffness (gelling)

Articular

14

In this type of joint disease the pain is periarticular tenderness and only PROM remains intact:

Non-articular joint pain/disease

15

Pain in a single joint suggests:

Mono articular arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis (extra-articular)

16

Polyarticular involves several joints. Examples include:

Rheumatoid fever or gonococcal arthritis

17

This is a pattern that is additive, progressive and symmetrical:

RA

18

Extra-articular pain examples:

Bursitis, tendinitis, tenosynovitis (tendon sheaths), as well as sprains of ligaments

19

If pain comes with trauma the what is very important to assess?

Mechanism of injury or specific series of events

20

Severe rapid pain in a red, swollen joint suggests:

Arthritis or gout
In kids- osteomyelitis

21

Fever plus chills with joint pain consider:

Septic arthritis

22

Am stiffness that gradually improves is associated with:

Inflammatory causes such as RA and PRM

23

Lupus can present with:

Malar rash

24

Joint pain with preceding sore throat:

Gonococcal arthritis

25

Red flags for neck and back pain:

Les than 20 or greater than 50, history of cancer, unexplained weight loss,fever or decline in health

26

Signs of inflammation:

Tenderness, swelling, warmth, and redness

27

Acute involvement of one joint suggests:

Trauma, septic arthritis, or crystalline arthritis

28

RA is typically:

Polyarticular and symmetric

29

Malalignment can be seen in:

Dupuytren contracture, genu varum (bow-legged), or genu valgum (knock-knee)

30

Look for SQ nodules in:

RA and rheumatic fever