WEEK #15 WEEK OF 05/06/13 PART I – FFP – VACANT BUILDINGS PART II – AUC #151 {BRUSH FIRES} PART III – EMERGENCIES – WATER RESCUE #2 & 3 PART IV – TB - ROPE #6, 7 & 8 PART IV – DUNN Ch. #2 INSTRUCTOR: CAPT KEN RUGGIERO Flashcards Preview

Firetech > WEEK #15 WEEK OF 05/06/13 PART I – FFP – VACANT BUILDINGS PART II – AUC #151 {BRUSH FIRES} PART III – EMERGENCIES – WATER RESCUE #2 & 3 PART IV – TB - ROPE #6, 7 & 8 PART IV – DUNN Ch. #2 INSTRUCTOR: CAPT KEN RUGGIERO > Flashcards

Flashcards in WEEK #15 WEEK OF 05/06/13 PART I – FFP – VACANT BUILDINGS PART II – AUC #151 {BRUSH FIRES} PART III – EMERGENCIES – WATER RESCUE #2 & 3 PART IV – TB - ROPE #6, 7 & 8 PART IV – DUNN Ch. #2 INSTRUCTOR: CAPT KEN RUGGIERO Deck (56):
1

1. While operating at vacant building fires, Incident Commanders may implement an interior
attack after a risk assessment has been performed based on certain factors. Which factor listed
below is not entirely correct? Vacants 1.1.3
A. Current structural stability of the building.
B. Any known or suspected life hazards.
C. Size and location of the fire.
D. Verification of safe access to the fire area.

1. C

The IC may implement an interior attack after a risk assessment has been
performed based on the following factors:
• Current structural stability of the building.
• Any known life hazard.
• Size and location of the fire.
• Verification of safe access to fire area

2

2. BC McMeister is operating at a fire in a vacant 3 story private dwelling. The P/D is
detached but has similar 3 story P/D’s on the exposure 2 and 4 sides. There are driveways on
each side of the involved dwelling that are about 20’ wide which separate each exposure from
the fire building. The fire is advanced and on the 1st and 2nd floors. BC McMeister would be
correct to consider which point(s) listed below? Vacants 1.1.3, Comm CH 10
A. Since the private dwellings on the exposure 2 and 4 sides are 20’ away they are not
considered exposures.
B. If interior operations are implemented the operating force and interior operational time
shall be kept to a minimum with the maximum amount of supervision.
C. Since this fire is advanced exterior operations should be the primary tactical consideration.
The only exception to exterior operations would be a life hazard.
D. The personal injury hazard to firefighters is of paramount importance and the structural
stability of the vacant building or parts thereof will be the most important aspect when
determining the initial attack strategy.

2. B

Prior
to implementing interior operations, the Incident Commander (IC) must perform a
risk assessment keeping in mind that the life hazard and safety of the members
involved in the operation is of paramount concern.

3

Answer questions 3 and 4 based on the information below.
Lt. Carter is working a day tour in E-238. While taking up from an EMS run at 1930
hours Lt. Carter and his members see a vacant building on the block where they are
operating. The building is a 3 story brownstone type row frame which is entirely boarded
up with no access to the interior. FF Backmann tells Lt. Carter that this building is in L-
146’s administrative area and not E-238’s administrative area. The building looks to be in
good condition from the outside and neighbors’ tell the members that the owners just
abandon the building about a year ago and moved to Wyoming.
3. Which point listed below concerning the marking of this vacant building is correct?
Vacants 1.3
A. Since this building was just recently abandoned and seems to be of normal stability at the
time of marking an empty square box should be the symbol used to mark the building.
B. Vacant building markings should be made using lime-green colored paint.
C. The dimensions of the vacant building marking, a square, should be 18” x 18” and the lines
should be 2” wide.
D. Primary markings should only be made alongside the front entrance. Additional markings
such as those made on the roof bulkhead or near fire escapes are never necessary.

3. C

1.3.2 Such markings should be in lime yellow, reflective type paint.
SQUARE to be approximately 18" x 18".
LINES to be 2" wide

4

Answer questions 3 and 4 based on the information below.
Lt. Carter is working a day tour in E-238. While taking up from an EMS run at 1930
hours Lt. Carter and his members see a vacant building on the block where they are
operating. The building is a 3 story brownstone type row frame which is entirely boarded
up with no access to the interior. FF Backmann tells Lt. Carter that this building is in L-
146’s administrative area and not E-238’s administrative area. The building looks to be in
good condition from the outside and neighbors’ tell the members that the owners just
abandon the building about a year ago and moved to Wyoming.

4. Since this building is not located in E-238’s administrative area it should not be marked by
E-238. It must be marked by the administrative company, Ladder 146, where the building is
located and only during BISP periods. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
BISP Manual CH 5 Reference 6.2, Section 4.7 and 4.8
A. Agree or D. Disagree

4. D

4.7 Buildings must be marked when first identified as vacant. For uniformity, markings
should be made using the template. Units must carry spray paint and template at all times.
4.8 Buildings may be marked by companies other than the Administrative Company. The
Officer supervising the marking must notify the Administrative Company at the first
opportunity that the building has been marked.

5

5. Vacant buildings fires do not “just happen”. They are caused by one or more individuals
who have no regard for the safety of the firefighter. Vacant buildings have been booby trapped
to injure or kill firefighter in all but which of the following ways listed below? Vacants 1.5.2
A. Diesel fuel spread on all floors of the building. Fire in vapors of diesel fuel develops
rapidly at the start and progress slowly as vapor production intensifies.
B. Fires are ignited below the operating forces using delayed ignition devices and refrigerators
positioned so that they will fall on members entering the fire area.
C. Bolts on fire escape treads loosened or removed so that a member’s weight will cause them
to pivot or give way.
D. Small containers of gasoline or accelerant strung or placed in overhead areas, dropping into
the fires as members are advancing.

5. A

6

6. At 2030 hours first alarm units arrive at a fire in a vacant taxpayer. The taxpayer is heavily
involved in fire from front to rear. Exposure two is an occupied 3 story multiple dwelling and
exposure four is an unoccupied factory. The fire is severely exposing the unoccupied factory and
at the same time communicating to the multiple dwelling. In this situation it would be correct to
take which action listed below? Vacants 2.2.3
A. Since the factory is the most severely exposed, it should be protected first.
B. Since the multiple dwelling is occupied, it should be protected first.
C. The priority in this situation is to extinguish the fire in the vacant taxpayer to minimize the
exposure hazard.
D. The priority is to protect the greatest amount of property at fires involving vacant buildings.

6. B

7

7. Members of E-100 were discussing engine operations at vacant building fires. Which point
listed below is correct? Vacants 3.1.6, 3.1.8, 3.1.10, 3.1.2
A. Usually only the officer and one member of the Engine Co. are needed to advance the line
into the immediate fire area.
B. When stretching lines into exposures for operations into the fire building, 2 ½” lines with
solid stream nozzles must be used.
C. If the first ECC encounters any hydrant problems, he should notify the officer of his unit
and second arriving engine company.
D. If a backstretch is to be made the officer shall order a second line to be dropped in front of
the building at all times.

7. C


3.1.2 If a backstretch (laying hose line from fire to hydrant) is to be made, and it is
evident that more than one line will be needed on the fire, the officer shall order a
second line to be dropped in front of the fire building before the pumper proceeds
to the hydrant. This line will be stretched and operated by another unit.

3.1.6 Usually only the officer and two members are needed for advancing the line into
the immediate fire area. Other members should remain outside, readily available
for relief or any immediate assistance required.

3.1.8 When stretching hand lines into exposures for operations into the fire building, 2
1/2" lines with solid stream nozzles should be considered. The additional gpm and
available reach of the larger line may prove to be a considerable overall
advantage

3.1.10 If the first arriving ECC encounters any hydrant problems, they should notify the
officer of their unit. The second arriving engine company should also be apprised
of this fact so that appropriate measures can be taken to ensure sufficient water
supply at the fire.

8

8. Of the following items listed below which is not an advantage of in line pumping?
Vacants 3.1.1 B
A. Fast water on the fire and lower engine pressures.
B. Shorter and faster hand line stretches.
C. Equipment on a pumper closer to the fire.
D. Possibility of the pumper blocking out an aerial or tower ladder apparatus.
E. An ECC is in a better position to observe operations and assist if necessary.

8. D

9

9. All of the following are disadvantages of in line pumping except? Vacants 3.1.1 C
A. Water supply unlimited.
B. It may not be possible to attain full pumper capacity.
C. Possible damage to apparatus by falling debris.
D. If hydrant selected is OOS the pumper may not be able to proceed to the next available
hydrant

9. A

10

10. Members of L-100 were drilling on Ladder Co. operations at vacant building fires. The
only correct point is found in which choice below? Vacants 4.1,
A. Ladder company operations are generally devoted to facilitating a thorough search of the
building for squatters and fire.
B. The main objective in the placement of exterior streams is to obtain the greatest coverage
while bearing in mind the safety of members.
C. Tower Ladders should be positioned to cover one side of the building. In vacant building
areas, many TL’s carry their own 3 ½” hose 2 or 3 lengths on the side of the apparatus.
D. Since vacant buildings have high victim potential, they should be searched within the limits
of safety after building conditions have been evaluated and the fire has been knocked down.

10. B

4.1 Ladder company operations are generally devoted to facilitating the engine company
efforts in getting water on the fire.

A. The main objective in the placement of exterior streams is to obtain the
greatest coverage, while bearing in mind the safety of members involved.
Tower Ladders should be positioned to cover two sides of a building.

4.2.1 Since vacant buildings have low victim potential, they should be searched within
the limits of safety after building conditions have been evaluated and the fire has
been largely extinguished.

11

11. Regarding the duties of Battalion Chiefs at vacant building fires, which point below is
incorrect? Vacants 5.1, 5.2
A. The 1st to arrive BC should establish the incident command post across the street from the
fire building outside a possible collapse zone.
B. Ascertain the location and extent of the fire, the life hazard, exposure problems, and the
accessibility from the rear.
C. If the IC cannot get a clear situation report from units on the scene, the IC must call for an
extra engine and truck.
D. If conditions warrant, special call a tower ladder if not already assigned.

11. C

If the incident commander can not get a clear situation
report from units on the scene, the IC may have to change tactics to a defensive or
exterior operation until a proper size-up can be made. It is imperative battalion
firefighters stay with their assigned chief during the incident in the event a command
channel is activated.

12

12. Lt. Smith is conducting a drill on safety at vacant buildings and made the following
statements. In which statement was he correct? Vacants 6,7
A. At least one member should be assigned to search all floors below the operating force for
the presence of other fires or conditions not yet detected.
B. The floor below the fire is not a safe area in any vacant building during a TL operation. All
members should be outside the building.
C. The primary emphasis in vacant building operations is that of exterior attack. The life
hazard at vacant building fires is almost solely that of our operating forces.
D. All members should be aware of the signs of collapse and any indications should be relayed
immediately to the officer in command for evaluation. Past experience with exterior wall
collapse at vacant buildings has been to have walls crumble rather than collapse intact.

11. C

6.5 Two members should be assigned to search all floors below the operating force for the
presence of other fires or conditions not yet detected. One of these members shall be
equipped with a Handie-Talkie radio.

6.18 The floor below the fire is not a safe area in a weakened structure during a TL operation.
All members should be outside the building.

6.19 The operating perimeter should be mobile and operating points established with attention
to the potential for structural collapse. ALL members should be aware of the signs of
collapse. Any indication should be relayed immediately to the officer in command, for
evaluation. When collapse is possible, no member or apparatus should be permitted
within the anticipated endangered area. Past experience with exterior wall collapse at
vacant buildings has been to have the walls collapse intact, rather than crumble. Walls
have fallen greater distances than anticipated, sometimes as much as 50 feet from the
base.

13

13. Members who are new to studying the fire department books will quickly realize that
sometimes information about one subject is written in different places in the books. Of the
following statements listed below which are true statements? Vacants 6.3, SB 57 Case
study #1, SB 69 #3
1. Companies operating alone in vacant buildings particularly must be wary of possible booby
trapping.
2. No unit should operate alone in a vacant building. Call for help immediately.
3. In a vacant building, going to the floor above before a hoseline is in position to operate on
the fire floor is rarely justifiable.
A. None of them
B. All of them
C. 1 and 3
D. 2 and 3
E. 1 and 2

13. B

14

14. Captain Duffelli took the following actions after discovering a vacant building in his
administrative area. In which choice will BC McMeister correct him? BISP Manual
CH5 Ref 6.2
A. Capt. Duffelli submitted an ordinary A8 to the Dept. of Buildings since the structural
integrity was good and there were no serious safety or health risks.
B. An exterior inspection was conducted since the vacant building was fully sealed preventing
an interior inspection. This inspection was recorded as a “NO Access” inspection.
C. Capt. Duffelli recorded the inspection as an incomplete inspection and noted “sealed
exterior visual inspection” on the A-134C.
D. Capt. Duffelli submitted a CIDS card, and forwarded a memo to all first alarm units and
chief officers describing potential operational issues.

14. B

3.1 Companies shall remain alert to buildings that become vacant. To report the discovery of
a vacant building, the Administrative Company shall forward an A-8 to the Department
of Buildings (“DOB”) citing “Building Vacant, Open and Unguarded,” for DOB’s
inspection and action. Units should refer to section 5 for additional requirements.

3.3 An exterior inspection is adequate when a vacant building is fully sealed, preventing
interior inspection. Such inspections shall not be recorded as “No Access” inspections.
The company will record the inspection as an incomplete inspection and note “sealed
exterior visual inspection” on the A-134C.

Note: All units are requested to ensure that a CIDS card is submitted for a Vacant
Building. The CIDS card should state that the building is vacant and any apparent
safety hazards should be listed. In addition to the CIDS card a memo should be
forwarded to all first alarm units and Chief Officers describing potential
operational issues. The memo should remind all units to be guided by section 4.2,
listed below.

15

15. The definition of a vacant building in the BISP manual is a structure that is no longer
lawfully occupied, is open and unguarded, lacks operating utilities, and to all appearances is not
being maintained in a safe condition. What is the major factor in determining whether or not the
building falls within the scope of the procedures outlined in the BISP manual CH5 Reference
6.2? BISP CH5 Ref 6.2 Section 2.1
A. Degree of maintenance.
B. Life hazard.
C. Structural stability.
D. Safety of health risks.

15. A

2. DEFINITION OF VACANT BUILDING
2.1 Vacant building. For the purpose of this directive, a structure that is no longer lawfully
occupied, is open and unguarded, lacks operating utilities, and to all appearances is not
being maintained in a safe condition. The degree of maintenance should be a major
consideration in determining whether or not a building falls within the scope of these
procedures. A building undergoing demolition or one that is temporarily vacant but is
being maintained to ensure its structural integrity and fire safety should not be included.

16

1. _______ fires burn grass, weeds, small trees, leaves on the ground etc. These fires are fast
moving and the most common type of brush fire encountered in New York City.
________ fires start on the surface and burn downward into the soft spongy ground. They burn
slowly and can burn for extended periods of time with operations lasting for days or weeks.
_________ fires burn along the tops of trees, extending by direct flame contact and heat waves.
These rarely occur in New York City. AUC 151 3.4
A. Surface/Bog Crown
B. Bog/Surface/Crown
C. Crown/Surface/Bog
D. Bog/Crown/ Surface

1. A

17

2. Weather is the controlling factor affecting the severity and incidence of brush fires.
Serious brush fire conditions occur when all of the following weather conditions are present
except? AUC 151 3.2.1
A. Low Humidity.
B. Winds in excess of 10 MPH.
C. Little rainfall for the preceding three or more days.
D. No rainfall for the preceding three or more days.

2. B

3.2.1 Weather is the controlling factor affecting the severity and incidence of brush
fires. Serious brush fire conditions occur when the following weather conditions
are present:
 Low humidity.
 Winds in excess of fifteen (15) miles per hour.
 Little or no rainfall for the preceding three or more days. The longer the
period without rain the greater the hazard.

18

3. BC Kaskone has just been assigned UFO to Battalion 22. Battalion 22 is responsible for
Brush Fire Units 2, 3, and 4. While discussing BFU staffing and administrative routine with BC
McMeister, his relief, BC Kaskone made the following four statements. In which statement
should BC McMeister correct BC Kaskone? AUC 4.5.2
A. BFU’s shall be staffed by a Lieutenant and two firefighters from 0900 to 1800 during the
period of March 17 –April 30 and October 17- November 30th on a MMOT basis.
B. After 1800 hours and before 0900 hours BFU’s will be unstaffed and out of service.
C. BFU’s should be operated by trained members from their associated Engine Co. for
efficiency, knowledge of limitations, and accountability.
D. The BFU chauffeur is to be a member trained in operating the vehicle, including off road
driving. If necessary a trained member from the associated Engine Co. shall be detailed to the
BFU.

3. B

D. BFUs should be operated by trained members from their associated engine
company for efficiency, knowledge of limitations and accountability
purposes. Firefighters and/or officers of units quartered with BFUs may
be detailed to the BFUs if, in the opinion of the Battalion Chief having
jurisdiction, it will maximize the operating efficiency of the concerned
units. The BFU chauffeur is to be a member trained in operating the
vehicle, including off-road driving. If necessary, a trained member from
the associated engine company shall be detailed to the BFU and the
overtime member utilized to back-fill the associated engine company.
This procedure may also be utilized when overtime personnel are provided
for staffing during any time of the year.

E. When BFUs are placed into service and are independently staffed, the
Borough Central Office will announce via radio, voice alarm, and
teleprinter message, the identity and operating location of each BFU
activated. Similar announcements shall be made when BFUs revert to
unstaffed status. The term “out-of-service” is not to be used when
reverting to unstaffed status.
F. BFUs are always in service and can be special-called to any incident. When
the services of a BFU is required during periods when the BFUs are not
independently staffed, the associated engine company or another trained
engine company will be assigned to respond with and staff the BFU. The
Incident Commander may request that an engine company still responding
to the scene be redirected to pick up and respond with the BFU if practical.

19

4. Special attention should be given to four wheel drive operations, use of the winch, and
water pump operation. Which two choices below reflect the correct usage of the winch on a
Brush Fire Unit? AUC 151 4.5.10 B
A. To tow out a heavy truck.
B. To tow out similar weight vehicles.
C. Self-extrication.
D. To tow out a full size apparatus.

4. B, C

20

6. Lt. Trehug is instructing two firefighters, who have just transferred to an Engine Co. where
a brush fire unit is quartered, about Brush Fire Unit operations. Lt. Trehug made the following
statements and was only correct in which one? AUC 151 4.5.5 C, 4.5.14, 4.5.7, 4.5.9 Note
A. Brush fire units shall always be designated by their assigned number on department radio
and handie talkies. Example “BFU 3 acting E-156 to Command”.
B. Brush fire units are highly capable and effective while operating at brush fires. BFU’s can
knock over small trees, go through hedgerows, and traverse streams and ponds.
C. When staffed, Brush fire units will conduct patrol duty. These patrols shall be conducted
between the hours of 1030 and 1130 and again between 1530 and 1630 hours.
D. If a BFU is damaged during operations, the officer on duty of the Engine Co. that the BFU
is quartered with is responsible for the report. The report will be endorsed by the Company
Commander and forwarded to the Chief of Department.

6. C

6. Lt. Trehug is instructing two firefighters, who have just transferred to an Engine Co. where
a brush fire unit is quartered, about Brush Fire Unit operations. Lt. Trehug made the following
statements and was only correct in which one? AUC 151 4.5.5 C, 4.5.14, 4.5.7, 4.5.9 Note
A. Brush fire units shall always be designated by their assigned number on department radio
and handie talkies. Example “BFU 3 acting E-156 to Command”.
B. Brush fire units are highly capable and effective while operating at brush fires. BFU’s can
knock over small trees, go through hedgerows, and traverse streams and ponds.
C. When staffed, Brush fire units will conduct patrol duty. These patrols shall be conducted
between the hours of 1030 and 1130 and again between 1530 and 1630 hours.
D. If a BFU is damaged during operations, the officer on duty of the Engine Co. that the BFU
is quartered with is responsible for the report. The report will be endorsed by the Company
Commander and forwarded to the Chief of Department.

21

7. During hurricanes or severe rain storms the high chassis and four wheel drive capability of
these apparatus (BFU’s) allow them negotiate flooding and mud conditions better than our
conventional apparatus. While not specifically mentioned for BFU’s, members should know that
apparatus should not cross water deeper than? AUC 159 5.4.3 C, AUC 151 4.5.16 B
A. ½ foot
B. 1 foot
C. 1 ½ feet
D. 2 feet

7. C

22

8. E-100 and L-99 have responded to the incident command post for a large scale brush fire
that is burning in a large geographical area. E-100 and L-99 have been ordered by the IC to
operate in a remote area and extinguish pockets of fire. While operating E-100 and L-99 took
the following actions and were incorrect in which one choice? AUC 151 5.1.2, 5.1.3, 5.1.4
A. While operating members saw sparks and embers starting fires downwind at a distance
from their location so they notified the dispatcher for relay to the I/C.
B. E-100 and L-99 saw a private dwelling that was being exposed to the fire so both units selfcommitted
to protect the private dwelling. E-100’s officer had the ECC notify the dispatcher for
relay to the IC.
C. Upon extinguishing fire in the private dwelling and completing their original assignment,
both E-100 and L-99 went 10-8 since they were unable to contact the I/C via handie talkie.

8. C

5.1.2 Large scale brush fire operations can encompass a large geographic area. Officers
of units responding to large scale brush fire operations shall report to the Incident
Command Post (ICP) for orders regarding assignment and position. If necessary,
the IC shall give orders to responding units via the department radio or
handie-talkie. Units are not to self-commit to operations unless structures are
exposed. In this case, the officer is to notify the dispatcher for relay to the IC and
request any additional assistance deemed necessary.
5.1.3 Units responding into a brush fire may detect sparks and embers starting
additional fires downwind and a distance away from the original fire location.
Officers should report this information to the dispatcher for relay to the IC.
5.1.4 Units operating remotely and completing an assignment are not to go 10-8.
Officers shall advise the IC and await additional orders for possible
redeployment.

23

9. Which tactic(s) for use at brush fire operations is/are not completely correct?
AUC 151 5.4
A. Initial attack operations should concentrate on mobility. Always avoid hooking up to
hydrants as this limits mobility.
B. Consider wetting down unburned areas ahead of the fire. Avoid chasing fire, running out
of hose, and exhausting operating forces.
C. Steams should be directed at the burning brush after the stream is directed at the flames
burning above the brush.
D. Fires burning on hillsides will burn rapidly toward the top of the hill. Have units
positioned on streets at the top of the hill to protect exposures but attack the fire from the bottom
of the hill and work upward.
E. Using a water curtain is an effective way to break up heat waves. Streams of water can
also be used to apply water directly onto exposures.

9. A

24

10. Which point listed below concerning safety while operating at brush fires is not correct?
AUC 151 5.11
A. Only when absolutely necessary can a hoseline be operated beneath a high voltage electric
line.
B. Do not use make shift bridges to cross creeks. Do not attempt to jump over a creek, use a
department ladder to span a creek if necessary.
C. All operating members must wear proper PPC including helmet and chinstrap. All body
parts must be covered.
D. In cold weather, do not step into the footsteps of members walking ahead of you as this
may result in sinking deeper into mud.

10. A

5.11 SAFETY
5.11.1 All operating members are to wear proper PPE including helmet with chinstrap.
This provides thermal protection. The PPE also provides protection from insect
bites, contact with harmful vegetation (e.g., poison ivy), and protects against
abrasions.
5.11.2 All body parts should be covered.

5.11.7 Do not use make-shift bridges to cross creeks. A make-shift bridge failing under
a member’s weight could drop the member into water deeper than it appears. Do
not attempt to jump over creeks. If necessary, use Department ladders to span
creeks.

5.11.9 Use extreme caution in marshland areas. Mud can cause members to easily slip
into the water. In cold weather, do not step into the footsteps of members walking
ahead of you. If the hard surface was broken by the previous members step, the
next step in that area may result in sinking deeper into the mud.

25

11. When aviation operations are needed, the IC shall have the borough dispatcher activate the
air support plan. The plan is activated automatically for all doubtful 3rd alarms but can be
activated anytime on orders from the IC. The NYPD helicopter can be used for the following:
AUC 151 9.1
1. Air Reconnaissance
2. Implementation of fireground strategy
3. Control of field forces
4. Water drops

11. A

26

12. Battalion Chiefs at the command class were discussing some points about aviation
operations and the Bambi bucket during brush fires. Which point listed below is not correct?
AUC 151
A. Reflex time for the Police helicopter can be extensive, generally 20 to 30 minutes. The
helicopter will not fly in winds over 40 mph, and has a limited operating time of 2 to 3 hours.
B. The use of the Bambi bucket shall be under the control of the ARC in consultation with
NYPD helicopter pilot. The Bambi bucket has a capacity of 250 gallons of water.
C. Do not recommit members to the drop area until advised by the ARC that the water drop
operation has concluded. Rotor down wash from low level water drops can significantly fan the
fire.
D. The unsafe and poorly planned use of the Bambi bucket can endanger members and
exacerbate conditions. All members must be positioned a safe distance away from the drop area.

12. B

9.6.1 Water drops utilizing the Bambi bucket, should be confined to areas that are
remote from FDNY field forces and must be used with the greatest discretion and
control. The use of the Bambi bucket shall be under the control of the IC, in
consultation with the ARC. The ARC shall notify the NYPD Helicopter Pilot
directly of the location of the water drop. The communications between the ARC
and the NYPD Helicopter Pilot shall be made according to a pre-arranged
communications plan

27

13. BC Hernandez is the IC at a large scale brush fire. BC Strawberry is the ARC and is
circling over the fire area providing aerial reconnaissance and helping to control field forces for
BC Hernandez. After 2 ½ hours BC Strawberry notifies BC Hernandez that the helicopter must
refuel and that a forward refueling area is going to be used. BC Hernandez then had his aide call
the dispatcher and have him special call a Foam Carrier and a Purple K unit with the associated
Engine Co. to respond to the forward refueling site for the duration of the refueling operation.
Do you agree or disagree with BC Hernandez’ actions? AUC 151 9.8
A. Agree or D. Disagree

13. A

28

14. Which point listed below concerning Engine, Ladder, and Special Unit operations is not
correct? AUC 151 5.6, 5.7, 5.8
A. Engine Co.’s on the initial alarm should concentrate on protecting exposures and
maintaining mobility.
B. Fire attack should begin immediately and heavy reliance should be placed on stretching
lines from Engine Co apparatus.
C. Ladder Co.’s should anticipate operating in teams utilizing Indian Pumps and brooms
unless directed otherwise.
D. It may be necessary to position multiple FAST units to operations over a wide spread area.
An ATV can be assigned to work with the FAST unit to remove injured members.

14. B

29

1. During MUD members of L-100, an ice and cold water rescue unit are discussing the
proper set up of their equipment. In which choice below is the ice and cold water rescue
equipment not properly set up? Water Rescue Ch2 Section 2
A. Ice awls are secured to each suit and used for mobility when operating on the ice.
B. The 200’ tether shall have the large ice rescue carabineer at the end of the line and the
small carbineer secured 4’ from the large carabineer.
C. The stainless steel stretcher and four point lifting bridle can be used in either the four point
or two point position.
D. When using a 2 to 1 mechanical system one end of the LSR shall be tied to an anchor point
and the working rope shall be passed through the small carabineer attached to the D ring at the
top of the lifting bridal.

1. B

2.2 200 Foot Tether Reel – The 200 Foot Tether Reel (Photo 1) shall have the small
carabineer (Photo 2) secured at the end of the tether line using a Figure 8 on a Bight
(Photo 3). The large ice rescue carabineer (Photo 4) is placed in-line on the tether rope 4
feet from the small carabineer using the Butterfly Knot (Photo 5).

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2. E-100, a four firefighter Engine Co., has responded to an EMS run near the waterfront. On
arrival members of E-100 see a person in the water. Which action taken below by members of
E-100 is not in accord with established water rescue procedures? Water Rescue Ch2
Section 3
A. The officer designated one of her firefighters as the spotter. The spotter positioned himself
where he was able to keep sight of the victim.
B. The Company Officer assumed the position of the rescue coordinator and took a position to
observe and direct the whole operation.
C. Once it was confirmed that there was a victim to be rescued, E-100 notified the dispatcher
and requested additional resources.
D. The primary rescuer donned the cold water suit and maintained communication with the
victim. The primary rescuer will be the only member that will approach the victim.

2. A

3.2 Spotter – A firefighter or Company Officer (4-Firefighter Engine Company) will assume
this position and shall be positioned where they can keep sight of the victim. This may
include using the apparatus as a vantage point. An aerial or tower ladder may be raised to
facilitate spotter positioning

31

3. Which member(s) listed below will don cold water suits? Water Rescue Ch2
A. Primary Rescuer
B. Secondary Rescuer
C. Primary Tether
D. Secondary Tether

3. A, B

3.3 Primary Rescue Team (Team # 1)
3.3.1 Primary Rescuer - Member will don the Cold Water Suit (CWS), establish and
maintain communication with the victim and implement rescue procedures. This
is the only member that will approach the victim.
3.3.2 Primary Tether - Member will assist the Primary Rescuer in donning the CWS
and attach tether line to the suit’s harness. Feed and control the tether line. Pull
rescuer and victim back to safety.
3.4 Secondary Rescue Team (Team # 2)
3.4.1 Secondary Rescuer - Don the second CWS and be tethered to a second line in
the stand-by position.
3.4.2 Secondary Tether - Assist the Secondary Rescuer in donning the CWS and
ensure the second tether line is attached to the suit harness.

32

4. Which member(s) listed below will don personal floatation devices? Water
Rescue Ch2
A. Primary Rescuer
B. Secondary Rescuer
C. Primary Tether
D. Secondary Tether

4. B, C

33

5. During a study group the following points were made concerning water and ice rescues.
Which point below is incorrect? Water Rescue Ch2 Sections 4, 5, 6
A. The REACH method is used when a victim is ambulatory and can assist in their own
rescue. The rescuer uses a hook, pole, or other device to extend to the victim in order to pull the
victim to safety.
B. The THROW method is used when the REACH method is not feasible. Using a throw rope
the rescuer hurls a rope to the victim, which the victim wraps around their arm to be pulled to
safety.
C. The GO method is used for non-ambulatory victims who are unable to assist in their rescue
or are too far from shore. This method should be used before the THROW method since it is
difficult to hit a moving target with a rope.
D. During an ice rescue, the primary rescuer should be the only member to approach the
victim unless assistance from the secondary rescuer is needed. The rescuer should approach the
victim from the side and the secondary rescuer should stay off the ice if not needed.

5. C

34

5. During a study group the following points were made concerning water and ice rescues.
Which point below is incorrect? Water Rescue Ch2 Sections 4, 5, 6
A. The REACH method is used when a victim is ambulatory and can assist in their own
rescue. The rescuer uses a hook, pole, or other device to extend to the victim in order to pull the
victim to safety.
B. The THROW method is used when the REACH method is not feasible. Using a throw rope
the rescuer hurls a rope to the victim, which the victim wraps around their arm to be pulled to
safety.
C. The GO method is used for non-ambulatory victims who are unable to assist in their rescue
or are too far from shore. This method should be used before the THROW method since it is
difficult to hit a moving target with a rope.
D. During an ice rescue, the primary rescuer should be the only member to approach the
victim unless assistance from the secondary rescuer is needed. The rescuer should approach the
victim from the side and the secondary rescuer should stay off the ice if not needed.

6. A

35

7. When a stretcher must be used to remove a victim from the water certain procedures must
be followed to secure the victim and then remove the victim and stretcher from the water. Which
is the only correct procedure listed below? Water Rescue Ch2 Section 7
A. Members shall use the stretcher to remove victims when other techniques are unsuccessful
or may cause injury to the victim. Placing a victim in the stretcher only requires one rescuer.
B. The victim shall be secured to the stretcher by placing the top strap under the armpits and
across the chest. The middle strap gets attached across the victim’s waist. The bottom strap gets
attached over both of the victim’s legs.
C. Retrieving a stretcher from below grade can be a difficult and delicate operation. Extreme
caution should be used as not to further injure the victim. A team effort will be needed to ensure
a successful operation.
D. The stretcher is intended to be brought out to the victim. It is more effective to bring the
stretcher to the victim.

7. C

36

8. Pre-determined hand signals have been established to allow the rescuer and tether to
communicate. All members of the rescue team should be familiar with these hand signals.
Which statement(s) listed below is/are correct? Water Rescue Ch2 8.1
1. One hand placed on top of the rescuers head indicates the rescuer is ready to be pulled to
shore.
2. One arm waving in the air indicates stop pulling.
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both
D. Neither

8. C

37

9. Which point made below regarding the care and maintenance of ice and cold water
equipment is not entirely correct? Water Rescue Ch2 Section 9
A. If the suit should become soiled or contaminated with oil, scrub with a mild soap solution
(dish soap), rinse with fresh water and allow drying before repacking.
B. Rinse and air-dry all ropes and suits after each use. The lifesaving rope shall be examined
and maintained according to the procedures contained in Training Bulletin, Rope 1.
C. All ice and cold water equipment shall be inspected during January, April, July, and
October. Once a year the suit should be removed from the carrying bag and hung on a broad
shouldered hanger for at least 24 hours to allow moisture inside and outside the suit to dry out.
D. Before repacking the suit into its carrying bag, the zipper should be lubricated. Close the
zipper and run a lubricating stick up and down the outside of the zipper. Open and close the
zipper 2 to 3 times. Store the suit with the zipper in the open position.

9. C

9.2 All ice and cold water equipment shall be inspected during January, April, July and
October. In January and July, the suit should be removed from the carrying bag and hung
on a broad shouldered hanger for at least 48 hours to allow moisture inside the suit to dry
out, prevent mildew and help extend the service life of the suit.

38

10. Members of L-134 were discussing operational considerations when conducting a surf
rescue. Which consideration listed below is not entirely correct? Water Rescue Ch3
Section 4
A. All members entering the water are to wear life preservers. If the surf board is used it must
be tethered.
B. The victim should be removed from the waves before beginning medical treatment unless
spinal immobilization is needed.
C. Members pulling in the tether line are to time the waves when pulling victim and rescuers
to shore.
D. If an NYPD helicopter is on scene special care should be used to ensure that all members
are removed from the area underneath the helicopter due to the danger of the rotor downwash
pushing members underwater.

10. B

4.2 All members entering water are to wear life preservers. If the surf board is used it must
be tethered.
4.3 Members pulling in the tether line are to time the waves when pulling victim and rescuers
to shore.
4.4 The victim should be removed from the waves before beginning medical treatment
including spinal immobilization.
4.5 IF an NYPD helicopter is on-scene, the Incident Commander or their designee shall
utilize the TAC “U” channel to communicate directly with the helicopter. Special care
should be used to ensure that all members are removed from the area underneath the
helicopter due to the danger of the rotor downwash pushing the member underwater.

39

1. BC Duffelli is the IC at a serious fire in a large bowling alley. At this fire the search rope
is going to be deployed due to the large area that must be searched along with the heavy smoke
conditions. BC Duffelli would know which point below to be incorrect concerning his duties at
this fire? TB Rope 6 Section 1
A. Dependent on fire conditions, the IC should consider special calling additional ladder
companies to the scene.
B. The IC shall include the use of search ropes in his/her progress reports.
C. The special called ladder company can be assigned to the tie off point of the search rope to
assist, relieve, or augment the unit using the search rope.
D. When one or more search ropes has been deployed in the same area with a serious fire
condition the IC must assign a Chief Officer to supervise.

1. D

10.3 When two or more ropes have been deployed in the same area with a serious fire
condition the IC should consider assigning a chief officer to supervise.

40

2. While discussing the search rope at drill members made the following four statements.
Which statement is incorrect? TB Rope 6 Section 2 and 3
A. The search rope is made of wither 5/16th inch diameter white nylon or a 7.5 mm diameter
Kernmantle design.
B. The rope is packed in a yellow carrying bag marked with the company number. Each rope
has a company ID tag attached to the rope and another to the bag.
C. Nylon ropes shrink over time due to many reasons, with moisture and temperature being
the most common reasons.
D. Spacing between the distance knots is approximately 6”. A single direction is located 12”
before all of the distance knots when traveling in the direction of deployment.

2. D

3.4 Spacing between the distance knots is approximately six inches. A single direction knot
is located 18 inches before the distance knots when traveling in the direction of
deployment. This knot will always be closer to the tie off or exit.

41

3. A single direction knot will always be located closer to? TB Rope 6 Section 3.4
A. The direction of deployment.
B. Tie off or exit

3. B

42

4. The officer’s primary responsibility is to coordinate the search. The officer must decide if
members will conduct searches off of the rope (out of contact with the rope). Which factor(s)
listed below should the officer consider? TB Rope 6 Section 6.3
A. Size of the area
B. Configuration of the area
C. Experience level of the search team
D. Heat/smoke conditions
E. Ability to stay within verbal contact.

4. All

6.3 The officer must decide if members will conduct searches off of the rope (out of contact
with the search rope). Factors in this decision include:
♦ The size of the area to be searched
♦ The configuration of the area to be searched. Will maze-like conditions be
encountered which may lead the search team members to become lost or unable to
return to the search rope
♦ The experience level of the search team
♦ The heat/smoke conditions. (Severe conditions may dictate that all members remain
together, maintaining contact with the rope)
♦ The ability to stay within voice contact

43

5. If it becomes necessary to relieve a unit at a forward point of the search, the relieving
company should enter the area to be searched with ______ hand in contact with the rope if
possible. The company being relieved should exit the IDLH with their ______ hand in contact
with the rope if possible. TB Rope 6 Section 8.2
A. Right/Right
B. Left/Left
C. Right/Left
D. Left/Right

5. A

44

6. Which statement below concerning the search rope is correctly stated? TB Rope 6
Section 9.4, 11.1, 12, 13.4
A. The search rope is only to be used for search and guide purposes, however in an emergency
the rope can be used to lift or lower a member.
B. The rope should be inspected after each use and repacked weekly similar to the lifesaving
rope.
C. When searching off the rope, members should advise their officer of the areas searched, a
description of the area searched, and the results of the search.
D. When repacking the rope ensure that the rope is dry. Coil the rope clockwise beginning
with the end of the rope with seven distance knots. Coil the rope in the bag clockwise.

6. C

9.4 When searching off the rope, members should advise the officer of the area searched, a
description of the area searched, and results of search. This will help members visualize
the area. The officer shall relay the results of the search to the IC.

11.1 The Search Rope is to be used ONLY for search or guide purposes, not for lifting or
lowering.

12. TRAINING AND MAINTENANCE
12.1 Inspect the rope after each use.
12.2 Repack monthly.
12.3 Companies shall conduct frequent drills using the rope. Various building configurations
should be utilized if possible. Company Commanders shall develop a schedule for
training, inspection and repacking the search rope.

13.4 Coil the rope into the case counter clockwise. Occasionally press the coils down with
one hand to prevent one coil from falling below the coil underneath. This keeps the rope
from becoming knotted when deployed.

45

7. Which point below about the utility rope is incorrect? TB Rope 7
A. Utility rope is a condemned lifesaving rope cut into three 50’ lengths by research and
development.
B. Utility rope shall never be used for life saving purposes or training in the single slide or
lowering operations.
C. Ladder Companies shall carry 3 lengths of utility rope and Engine Companies shall 2
lengths of utility rope.
D. When a utility rope is placed O.O.S., the Company Commander shall forward it to
Research and Development for disposal.

7. D

4. DISPOSITION
4.1 When a utility rope is placed O.O.S., the Company Commander shall safely dispose of it.

46

8. A utility rope is what size in diameter? A utility cord is what size in diameter? TB
Rope 7, 8
A. 3/8” and 9/16”
B. 9/16” and ¼”
C. ¼” and 7.5mm
D. 7.5mm and 3/8”

8. B

47

9. Which choice(s) listed below is/are incorrect uses of utility cords? TB Rope 8
A. Ventilation from upper floors and roof level.
B. Hoisting heavy and lights tools.
C. Lashing of ladders.
D. Lashing eductor hose.
E. Training purposes, knots, etc.
F. Lifesaving purposes in an extreme emergency

9. B, F

48

10. How high should the search rope be maintained off of the ground? TB Rope 6
Section 5
A. 2 to 3 feet
B. 1 to 2 feet
C. 6 to 12 inches
D. 12 to 18 inches

10. B

49

PART V – DUNN Ch. #2
1. Which of the following would be considered primary structural elements according to
Dunn? Dunn Ch2
1. Floor Beam
2. Non Bearing wall
3. Bearing wall
4. Columns
5. Girders
6. Headers
7. Hip Rafters
8. Ridgepoles
9. Trimmer beams
10. Roof Beams
A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
B. 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10
C. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
D. 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10

1. C

50

different types of building collapses. Which is the only correct statement? Dunn Ch2
A. When an exterior wall collapses in an inward/outward collapse, the exterior wall breaks
apart vertically and the top part of the wall collapses inward back on top of the structure while
the bottom part of the wall collapses outward onto the street
B. A lean over building collapse is a type of brick and joist building collapse where the
building collapses to one side. It will be indicated by a structure slowly starting to tilt or lean
over to one side.
C. A pancake collapse is a collapse of a floor section down upon the floor below in a flat,
pancake like style. A pancake collapse occurs when the floor beams pull loose or collapse at one
end.
D. A curtain fall collapse is when an exterior masonry wall drops like a falling curtain and
drops straight down. This often occurs to a brick veneer, brick cavity, or masonry backed stone
wall.

2. D

51

3. Force is described as the cause of a motion, the change of motion, or a stoppage of motion.
Force acting on a structure can be internal or external. External forces are loads such as
compressive, tension, and shear stresses. Internal forces are dead, live, wind, and impact loads.
Should you agree or disagree with the above statement? Dunn Ch. 2
A. Agree or D. Disagree

3. D

52

4. A sharp lieutenant would know that a private dwelling with a hip roof will have _____
bearing walls, _______ ridge rafters, and ______ hip rafters? Dunn Ch.2
A. 4, 1, 4 B. 3, 1, 3 C. 4, 2, 3 D. 2, 3, 2

4. A

53

5. Knowing the different types of building construction, construction terms, and construction
techniques will enable firefighters and fire officers to operate more effectively and safely.
Which point below regarding different types of walls is incorrect? Dunn Ch. 2
A. A demising wall is a partition wall that extends from the floor slab to the floor slab above.
B. A dwarf partition wall extends to the underside of the ceiling and does not stop or limit fire
spread above the ceiling.
C. A party wall is a non-bearing wall that supports the floors and roofs of two buildings. The
collapse or demolition of one of the buildings served by a party wall will not affect the stability
of the adjoining structure.
D. A fire wall is a non-bearing self-supporting wall designed to prevent the passage of fire
from one side to another. A fire wall must be independent of the structures on either side.

5. C

54

6. Lieutenant McDowell was drilling with his new proby about balloon, braced, and platform
construction. The proby should respectfully correct Lt. McDowell in which point? Dunn
Ch.2
A. The exterior walls of balloon construction have studs that extend continuously from the
foundation sill to the top plate near the attic.
B. From a fire protection point of view, platform construction is superior to balloon and
braced frame construction because there are no concealed spaces for more than one floor level.
C. A quick way to check for balloon construction is to remove a base board on an exterior
wall and check for the absence of a sole plate. In all buildings, renovated or original
construction, the exterior wall is the only wall that should be checked.
D. In braced frame construction the vertical timbers are called posts while the horizontal
timbers are called girts.

6. C

55

7. Wall hierarchy is a scale of wall stability, based upon the stability of the wall, created by
the number of interconnections the wall has with the structure. Which wall listed below has the
most stability in the wall hierarchy? Dunn Ch. 2
A. Bearing wall B. Non Bearing wall C. Free standing wall D. Area wall

7. A

56

8. Which point made below concerning compression, tension, and shear stresses is incorrect?
Dunn Ch2
A. Compression is a force that presses or squeezes a structure together.
B. Steel is strong in compression only while concrete is strong in compression and tension.
C. Stress placed on a structural member by the pull of forces causes tension stress.
D. An example of shear stress is when contacting parts or layers of the structure slide past one
another.

8. B

Decks in Firetech Class (61):