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Flashcards in Week 5 Deck (175)
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1

What is language?

a socially shared code, rule-governed symbolic system for representing concepts

2

What is verbal language?

auditory comprehension and verbal expression

3

What is written language?

requires reading comprehension and written expression

4

Waht is sign language?

comprehension and expression

5

What is Alternative and Augmentative Communication?

comprehension and expression with use of a microphone

6

What kind of processing is language?

cognitive, NOT motor processing

7

What part of the brain is involved with metaphors, gestalt (reasons for things), interpreting intonation patterns/prosody?

the right perisylvian area (NON-DOMINANT SIDE)

8

What is PECS?

a picture exchange communication system, helpful for people with language disabilities

9

What is syntax?

grammar, or grammatical rules which govern how words are combined in any given language

10

What is a morpheme?

the smallest meaningful unit in a language
e.g., walk

11

What is a bound morpheme?

a morpheme which must be combined with anotehr root word
e.g., -ing, -s, -er

12

What is morphology?

the study of the rules which govern how morphemes are combined
e.g., word order, etc.

13

What are semantics?

the MEANING base of language

14

What are pragmatics?

HOW language is used socially to communicate with others - how it functions

15

What is morphosyntax?

a combo word of word order with grammar (they tend to overlap)

16

What composes language?

form, use, and content

17

What is form in language/

phonology, morphology, and syntax

18

What is use in language?

pragmatics

19

What is content in language?

semantics

20

Where is morphosyntax in language?

at the interchane of the three parts of language - form, use, and content (FUC)

21

What is the most important nature in languagae associated with autism spectrum disorder?

the use of language, or pragmatics

22

What are the classifications of language disabilities?

primary and secondary, vs. developmental and acquired

23

What is SLI?

a specific language impairment ONLY, nothing else
e.g., recognizing certain consonants (form, content, or use)

24

What other challenges are often associated with language impairment?

intellectual disabilities, ASD, hearing loss, etc.

25

What category do SLI or language impairments associated with other challenges classified as?

a primary or secondary disability

26

What is an example of a developmental language disability?

one that is congenital/present at birth

27

What is the opposite of a developmental disability?

an acquired disability
e.g., one as a CVA or TBI

28

What is TBI?

traumatic brain injury, which is associated with language disabilities

29

What is CVA?

cerebrovascular accident, or a stroke, which is often associated with language disabilities

30

Where are these disorders categorized?
e.g., intellectual developmental disorder, communication disorder, ASD, and specific language disorder

the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - 5 (or DSM-5)