Flashcards in Week 8 Deck (35):
Worship spaces pre-Constantine era. Multi-family dwelling.
2nd century onward dwellings for Christians. Could accommodate 75+ people.
Originally started by constantine.
This buildings also signified places of government.
The rite of initiation for early Christians. Inherited from Judaism.
Weekly symbolic meal (communion)
Three Purposes for Baptism
Soteriological: washes away sin
Christological: plunges us into a new identity in Christ
Ecclesiological: initiates us into a new community
Monasticism and Christianity
Arose as a response to Christian institutionalism. (Bishops gained power, heavy taxation)
A Jewish monastic group from 200 BC - 100 AD
Refers to hermits. Monasticism to its extreme. Lead to a silent life.
The father of Cenobitic monasticism. Former pagan.
Worship in Medieval Church
Became increasingly distant from the masses. (Latin, priest facing away)
Background of Reformation
A lot of inequality, especially in Germany, between the clergy and the poor.
Father of protestant reformation. His academic background, combined with dissatisfaction with clergy mediation made him a reformist.
Martin Luther and Salvation
He believed that you didn't need the clergy to gain salvation.Faith accomplishes this. Believed in free will.
Was very critical of the clergy, focus on faith and scripture. Believed in predestination, some were destined by God to damnation and some to salvation.
Calvin and Theocracy
Believed theocratic state was necessary. Tried to establish this in France.
Swiss reformist theologian. Rejected authority of the Pope and clergy. Believed that gospels were authority.
16th Century Reformists
Lutheran, Calvinist, Anabaptist (Precursor to Mennonites and Baptists)
Departed from Catholicism by giving authority to scripture and Holy spirit. Celebrated in vernacular language, not Latin.
Argued that Calvinism was flawed because God is compatible with free will.
Do not have bishops. These roles were given to lay elders or 'presbyters'.
Rejected infant baptism. Relied on lay preachers, not clergy. Turned into Mennonites.
Martin Cellarius, one of many anti-trinitarians.
Unitarians believe mainline Christians don't adhere to monotheism. Jesus had supernatural capacity, but was not God.
Protestant reformation caused reformations within the catholic church.
Formed the Society of Jesuit. Became spearhead of missionary movement.
The English Reformation
John Wycliffe first came up with the idea. Catholicism was the state religion, but Henry VIII invented Anglicanism.
Sought church purification similarly to Calvinism. They condemned every tradition of the church.
Believed scripture had authority, and thought Sunday was Sabbath.
Religious Society of Friends.
Rejecting tithing, legal oaths, and military of Catholic church.
Rooted in separatism during Elizabeth I. Similar to Presbyterianism. Created major colleges.
Believe baptism should be out of free will, like Anabaptist. Called for freedom from government. Religion is based on the individual.
Movement within Calvinism and Lutheranism. Focus on individual piety. Believed in renewal of faith as a certain way to divine forgiveness.
Overview of Reformation
Believed in reducing role of clergy, emphasized use of vernacular language, not latin. Congregational participation.