Week 8 Flashcards Preview

Religious Studies 112 > Week 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 8 Deck (35):
1

Insulae

Worship spaces pre-Constantine era. Multi-family dwelling.

2

Domus Ecclesiae

2nd century onward dwellings for Christians. Could accommodate 75+ people.

3

Basilicas

Originally started by constantine.
This buildings also signified places of government.

4

Baptism

The rite of initiation for early Christians. Inherited from Judaism.

5

Eucharist

Weekly symbolic meal (communion)

6

Three Purposes for Baptism

Soteriological: washes away sin
Christological: plunges us into a new identity in Christ
Ecclesiological: initiates us into a new community

7

Monasticism and Christianity

Arose as a response to Christian institutionalism. (Bishops gained power, heavy taxation)

8

Essenes

A Jewish monastic group from 200 BC - 100 AD

9

Anchoritic Monasticism

Refers to hermits. Monasticism to its extreme. Lead to a silent life.

10

Cenobitic Monasticism

Communal monasticism.

11

Saint Pachomius

The father of Cenobitic monasticism. Former pagan.

12

Worship in Medieval Church

Became increasingly distant from the masses. (Latin, priest facing away)

13

Background of Reformation

A lot of inequality, especially in Germany, between the clergy and the poor.

14

Martin Luther

Father of protestant reformation. His academic background, combined with dissatisfaction with clergy mediation made him a reformist.

15

Martin Luther and Salvation

He believed that you didn't need the clergy to gain salvation.Faith accomplishes this. Believed in free will.

16

Jean Calvin

Was very critical of the clergy, focus on faith and scripture. Believed in predestination, some were destined by God to damnation and some to salvation.

17

Calvin and Theocracy

Believed theocratic state was necessary. Tried to establish this in France.

18

Ulrich Zwingli

Swiss reformist theologian. Rejected authority of the Pope and clergy. Believed that gospels were authority.

19

16th Century Reformists

Lutheran, Calvinist, Anabaptist (Precursor to Mennonites and Baptists)

20

Lutherans

Departed from Catholicism by giving authority to scripture and Holy spirit. Celebrated in vernacular language, not Latin.

21

Jacobus Arminius

Argued that Calvinism was flawed because God is compatible with free will.

22

Presbyterian Church

Do not have bishops. These roles were given to lay elders or 'presbyters'.

23

Anabaptist

Rejected infant baptism. Relied on lay preachers, not clergy. Turned into Mennonites.

24

Unitarianism

Rejected trinity.
Martin Cellarius, one of many anti-trinitarians.

25

Christology

Unitarians believe mainline Christians don't adhere to monotheism. Jesus had supernatural capacity, but was not God.

26

The Counter-Reformation

Protestant reformation caused reformations within the catholic church.

27

Ignatius Loyola

Formed the Society of Jesuit. Became spearhead of missionary movement.

28

The English Reformation

John Wycliffe first came up with the idea. Catholicism was the state religion, but Henry VIII invented Anglicanism.

29

Puritans

Sought church purification similarly to Calvinism. They condemned every tradition of the church.
Believed scripture had authority, and thought Sunday was Sabbath.

30

Quakers

Religious Society of Friends.
Pacifists.
Rejecting tithing, legal oaths, and military of Catholic church.

31

Congregationalists

Rooted in separatism during Elizabeth I. Similar to Presbyterianism. Created major colleges.

32

Baptists

Believe baptism should be out of free will, like Anabaptist. Called for freedom from government. Religion is based on the individual.

33

Pietism

Movement within Calvinism and Lutheranism. Focus on individual piety. Believed in renewal of faith as a certain way to divine forgiveness.

34

Overview of Reformation

Believed in reducing role of clergy, emphasized use of vernacular language, not latin. Congregational participation.

35

Indigenization of Liturgy

Liturgy reflects the particular culture. As culture evolves, so does not liturgy.