Week 9 - HT Diagnoses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 9 - HT Diagnoses Deck (26):
1

In the TCM the functions of the HT are _______

moves blood to extremities (HT yang)
regulate pulse (HT qi)
nourish and house shen at night (HT yin, blood)

2

In the waking state, the Shen is located _______

in the sense organs

3

HT blood is related to what aspects of mental acuity?

short-term memory
ability to focus

4

Any HT deficiency can exhibit the symptom of ______, which can be categorized as ______ or ________

palpitations
subjective
objective

5

What are the HT deficiency patterns?

HT yin deficiency
HT blood deficiency
HT yang deficiency
HT qi deficiency

6

What are the HT excess patterns?

HT fire
HT blood stasis
Phlegm heat misting orifices
Phlegm cold misting orifices

7

List signs and symptoms of HT yin deficiency pattern

subjective palpitations, anxiety fairly pronounced - panic attacks, phobias, sleep walking, sleep talking, nightmares, insomnia - trouble falling asleep, restless sleep, vivid dreams, night sweats, sweat from chest/palms, thirst w/ desire for cold fluids,
pulse - thin, rapid
tongue - red w/ bright red tip, thin dry yellow fur/patchy or no fur

8

What is the treatment principle for HT yin deficiency?

Nourish HT yin, calm shen

9

List signs and symptoms of HT blood deficiency pattern

subjective palpitations, anxiety, poor short term memory, touble focusing, insomnia - trouble falling asleep, restless sleep, vivid dreams, dry skin, dry hair, blurry vision, floaters, tight muscles, long menstrual cycle, short scanty menses, pale complexion
pulse - thin
tongue - pale dry tongue, thin dry white fur

10

How do HT blood deficiency and HT yin deficiency differ

signs and symptoms are similar but HT yin deficiency will exhibit heat signs - night sweats, thin/rapid pulse, red tongue tip, yellow tongue fur

11

What is the treatment principle for HT blood deficiency?

nourish blood, calm shen

12

List signs and symptoms of HT yang deficiency?

objective palpitations, cold in upper body - edema in face, fingers, chest pain - angina w/ dull non-fixed pain worse w/ exertion or exposure to cold, cold sweat from upper body
pulse - weak, deep slow or irregular
tongue - pale, swollen, wet, thin white coat

13

HT yang deficiency can present w/:
- chest pain because _______
- cold sweat from upper body because ________

insufficient yang to move blood & fluids
yang fails to close the pores

14

What is the treatment principle for HT yang deficiency?

warm and tonify HT yang

15

List signs and symptoms of HT qi deficiency

palpitations, fatigue, shortness of breath, spontaneous sweat, anxiety, tendency to be easily startled or frightened, some trouble falling asleep, withdrawn personality, lack of physical strength
pulse - weak, regularly intermittent
tongue - pale, swollen, thin white fur

16

What is the treatment principle for HT qi deficiency?

strengthen HT, tonify qi

17

List signs and symptoms of HT fire pattern

overexcited/hypomanic/manic state, bright red face, upper body sweat - axillary, palms, extreme thirst w/ desire for cold fluids, canker sores on the tongue, burning sensation on tip of the tongue, racing thoughts, rapid/pressured speech, severe insomnia
pulse - rapid, excess
tongue - bright red, bright red tip, thin dry yellow fur, possible sores

18

What is the treatment principle for HT fire?

clear heat, drain fire from HT, calm shen

19

HT fire can manifest w/:
racing thoughts because ________
rapid/pressured speech because _______

heat overstimulates shen

heat agitating the tongue

20

HT blood stasis is typically an exacerbation of ______ List signs and symptoms for HT blood stasis

HT yang deficiency

severe throbbing chest pain, fixed in location, can be worse at any time, spider angiomas, purple lips, purple spots on tongue, dark distended SLV
pulse - choppy/rough

21

What is the treatment principle for HT blood stasis

invigorate HT blood, dispel stasis

22

Phlegm blocking the HT orifices typically manifests as _______

delusions, hallucinations, psychosis

23

List signs and symptoms of phlegm heat misting orifices

delusions, hallucinations, hyperintense ranting & raving, extreme emotional agitation, angry outbursts for no apparent reason, confused incoherent thought/speech, irritability, illogical emotional swings, nasal congestion, phlegm in chest, plum pit qi, red face, excessive sweat, dark scanty urine, tendency towards constipation
tongue - bright red, thicky greasy yellow coat
pulse - slippery, rapid

24

What is the treatment principle for phlegm heat misting orifices?

clear heat, drain fire, transform phlegm, open orifices, calm shen

25

List signs and symptoms of phlegm cold misting orifices

chaotic, incoherent speech, delusions, hallucinations, withdrawn presentation, no emotional response, flat affect, extreme fatigue, very little talking, chronic congestion, plum pit qi, coughing up clear white phlegm, catatonia, posturing, slow response time, sensation of heaviness distending heavy headaches
tongue - pale, swollen, thick greasy white fur
pulse - slippery

26

What is the treatment principle for phlegm cold misting orifices?

transform phlegm, open orifices, calm shen