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Winter 2021, General Psychology > What is consciousness > Flashcards

Flashcards in What is consciousness Deck (24)
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1
Q

Counsciousness is our _______ or our ____ and _____ environment.

A

awareness
internal
external

2
Q

Non-conscious activities are _______ that one does not have to consciously _____ or ______.

A

processes
monitor
regulate

3
Q

Nonconscious activities are survival related processes such as _____, ____ and basic ____. They are controlled by a ______ region of the brain called _____.

A

heart beat, breathing, arousal
primitive
brain stem

4
Q

What is the state of unconsciousness?

A

not being aware or not being able to provide information on our environment or mental state.

5
Q

What is the state of full consciousness?

A

being fully aware or able to provide information on our environment or mental state.

6
Q

Full consciousness happens in the ____ in terms of evolution, the _________.

A

newest

cerebral cortex

7
Q

A full state of mind is difficult to ___, ____ and _____ as we desire.

A

monitor, control and direct

8
Q

What is thought suppression? Does thought suppression work? Why? (process responsible) What is the rebound effect?

A

trying not to think about something.
automatic monitoring process that searches for unwanted thoughts makes it not work.
Rebound effect is thinking about the thought you are trying to suppress more because you think “Am I thinking about it now?

9
Q

What did we learn on multitasking?

A

cannot multitask, usually switch task. Hard to do two things at the same time. Usually lose time and energy switching because of different set of rules.

10
Q

What is an altered state of consciousness?

A

different than normal in a weird way.

11
Q

What is the circadian rhythm? What part of the bain>

A

biological clock that makes us tired, or awake depending on the light.
Suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus receives light info from the retina.

12
Q

The supriachiasmatic nucleus influences the release of ____ such as _____ (induces sleep or not depending on light).

A

hormones

melatonin

13
Q

What is an a hypnagogic jerk? which sleep stage?

A

muscle tense up misinterpreting it for falling. sleep stage 1.

14
Q

What happens in the sleep stage 1?

Sleep stage 2?

A
  • transition between awake and asleep.

- easy to wake, few ups and down in EGG waves.

15
Q

What happens in the sleep stage 3 and 4?

A

deep sleep marked by large brain waves, hard to awaken

16
Q

What is the second name of the sleep stage 5?

A

REM

rapid eye movement

17
Q

What happens physiologically in our body during REM sleep?

A

1- heart rate, breathing speed up and eyes moves a lot.

2- body paralyzed

18
Q

What happens in our brain when rem sleep?

A

dreaming.

19
Q

What is the name of the condition in which people are not paralyzed during rem sleep?

A

REM behaviour disorder

20
Q

What is the primary purpose of psychoactive drugs>

A

alter consciouness

21
Q

What is the difference between antagonist and agonist drugs?

A

antagonist decreases activity in the brain

agonist increases

22
Q

What happens when person does cocain?

A

blocks reuptake of dopamine receptors.

23
Q

What happens when person drinks alcohol?

A

affects prefrontal cortex

decrease activity in this region

24
Q

Minimal consciousness is when there is a _____ connection between ____ and _____. Thus people respond to _____, they are just not aware of it.

A

fragmented
self
environment
stimulus