How does memory works Flashcards Preview

Winter 2021, General Psychology > How does memory works > Flashcards

Flashcards in How does memory works Deck (16)
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1
Q

What are the 3 basic memory process? explain each

A

encoding: transform info into a memory system by changing it into a format that can be mentally represented.
storage: maintaining info over time.
retrieval: locating, accessing and remembering info.

2
Q

What is the function of sensory memory?

A

holding on to raw info from the senses to have enough time to encode it in the memory.

3
Q

What are the iconic and echoic sensory memories?

A

iconic: visual images
echoic: sounds (auditory echos)

4
Q

What is the difference between the whole report and partial report experiment? Whose study was it? What were they testing? Result.

A

The whole report name everything saw.
the partial report only line that has an arrow.
sperling
capacity and duration of sensory memory.
capacity is good, duration sucks.

5
Q

What is the function of Short-term memory?

A

hold info for the moment before letting it go or transferring it to long-term memory

6
Q

What is the duration and capacity of STM?

A
15-20 s considering no rehearsal 
7 items (+/- 2)
7
Q

What is chunking or grouping?

A

making little groups of info to be able to remember more info.

8
Q

What is the function of long-term memory?

What is the duration and capacity?

A

hold onto info for longer periods of time.
duration can be min, h, days, weeks, years, lifetime.
no known limit.

9
Q

What is recognition?

A

matching an external stimulus to memory (multiple choices)

10
Q

What is recall>

A

retrieving stores memory without cues. (essays)

11
Q

What is relearning?

A

we can relearn info faster than we learnt it the first time in a process called savings.

12
Q

What is elaborative rehearsal?

A

focus on the meaning of info by linking it to stored information.

13
Q

What is maintenance rehearsal>

A

repeating info over and over hoping it will transfer.

14
Q

What is a mnemonic device?

A

easy to remember phrases or acronyms that give meaning to info.

15
Q

What is overlearning? does it work?

A

learning even when you feel like you know. reduces chances of blanks.

16
Q

What is retrieval practice?

A

practicing pulling out info before the exam.