Word List 2 - Groups 1-3 Flashcards Preview

Honors Composition & Lit. > Word List 2 - Groups 1-3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Word List 2 - Groups 1-3 Deck (30):
1

acrid

Sharp; pungent (used of smells and tastes)
The pound of flesh that Shylock bought at the market reeked of an acrid odor.

2

boorish

Ill-mannered
Portia was the exact opposite of boorish, most likely having been raised to act properly.

3

cynical

Believing that people only act out of selfish motives
Shylock had a cynical view of the Christians, mainly Antonio.

4

epistle

A letter (form of communication)
There were epistles lying the three caskets from Portia's father stating a wise piece of advice.

5

heresy

Against orthodox opinion
If Shylock ate pork or other meats, that would have been a heresy against his religion, Judaism.

6

lance

Spear; spike; javelin
Shylock attempted to procure the one pound of flesh by using a lance to cut the flesh off of Antonio.

7

obscure

Difficult to understand; partially hidden
Bassanio chose the obscure lead casket, which held the simplicity needed to win Portia.

8

poignant

Deeply moving; strongly affecting the emotions
Bassanio's marriage to Portia was a poignant event in which Bassanio had to recieve money to get Portia.

9

respite

A break; intermission
Antonio had no respite between his borrowing of Shylock's money and the trial that occurred in Venice.

10

terse

Concise; to the point
Shylock's demand for a pound of Antonio's flesh was quite terse and blunt.

11

acrophobia

Fear of heights
Lorenzo obviously did not possess acrophobia, for he climbed up to Jessica with ease.

12

bourgeois

Middle class
Portia is not bourgeois, for she is very wealthy and rich with money.

13

debility

Weakness; incapacity
Shylock's debility was a loss of his money and fortune which partially occurred wheen Jessica stole a portion of his money.

14

epistolary

Concerned with letters; through correspondance
Shylock's epistolary bond with Antonio mentioning bluntly the pound of flesh.

15

hiatus

Interruption; pause
There was a slight hiatus in Shylock's movement prior to his procuring of Antonio's pound of flesh.

16

languid

Tired; slow
Shylock was not languid during the trial of Antonio, being quite alert and ready to present his opinion on the matter.

17

obscured

Hidden; covered; buried
When Shylock wept at his learning of his daughter's running away, the obscured reasoning for his sadness was not for his daughter, but for his money which she took.

18

poised

Calm; collected; self-possessed
Even though he knew that he could die, Antonio remained poised throughout his trial, remaining calm.

19

resplendent

Shining; glowing
The torches in Venice at night were quite resplendent when Jessica snuck away.

20

therapeutic

Medicinal; curative
There was no therapeutic solution to Shylock's own greed, due to it being a psychological problem.

21

acuity

Sharpness (mental or visual)
Although he was evil, Shylock possessed acuity through his decision to loan Antonio money until the very end.

22

braggart

Someone who boasts
Venetian Christians in the 1500s were somewhat braggarts in the sense that they saw Jews as inferior to themselves.

23

debunking

Exposing false claims or myths
Shylock's debunking of the Jews's supposed inferiority was expressed toward Antonio when he asks "Hath not a Jew eyes?"

24

epitomized

Typified; characterized; personified
In the eyes of sixteenth century Europe, Shylock epitomized the typical Jew, greedy, mean, and heartless.

25

hidebound

Rigid in opinions
Shylock was hidebound in his belief that Christians were oppressive toward the Jews, who were victims of discrimination.

26

languish

Decay; fade away; get weaker
Over the course of the story, Shylock progressives languishes, through a partial loss of wealth to the point where he must relinquish his fortune.

27

obsequious

Servile; submissive
Portia most likely had many obsequious servants that were waiting day and night to serve a person of such great wealth.

28

polemical

Causing debate or argument
The way in which Shylock is viewed is polemical, due to how he can be interpreted as a pure villain, or as a tragic hero.

29

restorative

A tonic
If Shylock cut off a pound of flesh from Antonio, no restoratives could help Antonio recover from that.

30

thwart

Prevent; frustrate
Portia, disguises as the lawyer, thwarted Shylock from taking one pound of flesh, and instead Shylock lost everything.