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Introductory Persian > درس پنجم > Flashcards

Flashcards in درس پنجم Deck (138):
1

پُر

full

2

سیزده به در

April 3rd, the thirteenth day of spring. All Iranians must go outside or they believe bad luck will befall them. Then they throw their wheat sprouts in the running water.

3

شُکُفه

blossoms

4

فاصله

distance

5

نیشابور

Nishabour (where Omar Khayyam was from)

6

عکس

picture, photograph

7

گرفته شدن

was taken (ex. a photograph)

8

پس از

after (ex. one week after Sizdabehzar = یگ هفته پس از سیزده به در)

9

پیش از

before

10

بعد از

after

11

قبل از

before

12

پس از

after

13

تا

until

14

از روی

over

15

علاوه براین

in addition

16

نُو

new

17

اولین

first

18

آخرین

last

19

جالب

interesting

20

نوروز

Noruz (Iranian new year, March 21st)

21

فروردین

Farvardin (first month of the Iranian year)

22

سُفره هفت سین

Haft-Sin (the Noruz table setting)

23

چهار شنبه سوری

last Tuesday night of the year in the Iranian calendar

24

سُفره

table cloth

25

جَشن

celebration, festival

26

آتَش

fire

27

بازی

game

28

آتَش بازی

fireworks

29

سِکِه

coin

30

سُماق

sumac

31

سِرکه

vinegar

32

لِباس

clothes

33

مِهمانی

party

34

هَمسَر

spouse

35

چیز

thing

36

حقوق

rights, salary, law (the subject)

37

هُنَر

art

38

نَقاشی

painting

39

طبیعت

countryside, nature

40

خارج

outside, abroad

41

داخل

inside

42

(عَدَد (اعداد

number

43

(حرف (حروف

letter

44

(وَاژِه (واژگان

word

45

(کَلَمِه (کلمات

word

46

(لغت (لغات

word

47

(عِبارت (عبارات

phrase

48

(جُملِه (جملات

sentence

49

پاراگِراف

paragraph

50

(مَقالِه (مقالات

article, essay

51

(ساعت (ساعات

hour, o'clock, watch

52

(دقیقه (دقایق

minute

53

ثانیه

second

54

رُبع

quarter

55

چِه؟

what?

56

کِی؟

who?

57

چِه کَسی؟

who? also "whose?" ex. این کتاب کی است؟ = whose book is this?

58

کَی؟

when?

59

کُدام؟

which?

60

چِرا؟

why? *comes at beginning of sentence ex. why are you studying Persian? = چرا فارسی می خوانی؟

61

چَند؟

how many?

62

چِقدَر؟

how much?

63

(-شُروع شُدَن (شو

to begin (intransitive)

64

شُروع کردن

to begin (transitive)

65

infinitive: how can you use it?

can also act as a gerund/masdar (e.g. "studying, to study") e.g. من خواندن فارسی را پارسال شروع کردم I started studying/to study Persian last year.

66

در مورد

about

67

در بارهٔ

about

68

راجع به

about

69

(همدگر (را

each other e.g. همدگر را دوست دریم = we love each other

70

عیسی

Jesus

71

مَسیح

Messiah/Christ

72

کِریسمَس

Christmas

73

جشن کردن

to celebrate

74

جمله پرسشی = Question words - give rules

- word order is same as narrative sentences - yes/no questions either just change tone or the question word is added to beginning of the sentence - when asking a wh- question, the question word replaces the omitted word you're asking about - indirect questions = ex. I don't know if he is here = نمی دانم او اینجاست یا نه ex. I don't know what is name is = نمی دانم اسم او چیست

75

چه کسی را؟

whom? ex. چه کسی را دوست داری؟ = whom do you like?

76

چه چیزی را؟

what (thing)? چه چیزی را دوست داری؟ = what do you like?

77

جمله تعجبی = exclamatory sentences - give rules

- express feelings and emotions start with چه (how/what) and end with exclamation mark ex. how interesting! = !چه جالب - if followed by a noun, noun appears in indefinite ex. what (great) weather! = !چه هوایی - or use the formula: چه + اسم + صفت + ی - you can also use چقدر + صفت \ قید ex. how beautiful you've become! = !چقدر خوشگل شدی

78

هنرمند

artist

79

هنرپیشه

actor

80

پیشه-

suffix for "profession"

81

معرفی کردن

to introduce

82

(-نِگَه داشتن (دار

to keep, to hold

83

متنوع

diverse, various

84

numbers: give the rules

- cardinal is used before the noun - ordinal ending in م- goes AFTER the noun - ordinal ending in مین- goes BEFORE a noun, and is more emphatic irregular cardinal/ordinal: یگ ، اول ، اولین BUT NOTE that when doing 21, 31, 41, etc, the "1" becomes regular: بیست و یک ، بیست و یکُم ، بیست و یکمین

85

(-بدنیا آمدن (آ

to be born (lit. to come into the world)

86

یا ... یا

either ... or

87

(-از دنیا رفتن (رو

to pass away (lit. to leave the world)

88

telling the time: give rules 1. regular 2. adverbial 3. asking "at what time...?" 4. half past 5. a quarter after 6. a quarter to 7. X minutes to...

1. it is ... o'clock: ساعت .... است -- no ezafe 2. adverbial expressions of time take ezafe: ... ساعتِ in adverbial expressions of time ساعتِ is often omitted altogether 3. چه ساعتی (کلاس دارید) ؟ ساعت چند (کلاس دارید) ؟ 4. و نیم \ و سی دقیقه 5. و ربع \ و چهل و پنج دقیقه 6. یک ربع به 7. دقیقه به X

89

(-دیدن (بین

to see, to meet

90

ملاقات کردن

to meet

91

(-رسیدن (رس

to arrive

92

چطور

how? ex. how's the weather? = هوا چطور است؟

93

کجا

where?

94

(-دانستن (دان

to know (generally, info, etc)

95

به ـــ نیاز داستن

to need X

96

این ترم

now (lit. "this time")

97

بطور ـــ

makes next thing into an adverb of manner ex. "(they study) in a group" = (بطور گروهی (درس می خوانند

98

بلد بودن

to know (a skill, like driving or languages)

99

(-شناختن (شناس

to know (someone, i.e. connaître)

100

انقلاب

revolution

101

هَواپَیما

airplane

102

(-گذشتن (گذر

to pass (over)

103

everyone

همهٔ مردم

104

بَهار

spring

105

تابِستان

summer

106

پائیز \ پاییز

fall

107

زَمِستان

winter

108

برای چه؟

what for?

109

تاب

heat, fever

110

ستان-

time or place marker

111

برای + م\ت\ش

for + possessive suffix (me, you, him/her, etc)

112

(-چیدن (چین

to set (a table); to pluck (a flower)

113

(-پریدن (پر

to jump

114

خطرناک

dangerous

115

شطرنج

chess

116

طلا

gold

117

روغَن زیتون

olive oil

118

با ـــــ آشنا شدن

to meet (someone)

119

جدا شدن

to get divorced, separated

120

علاقمند + م\ت\ش

(I, you, s/he, etc) is interested in --> shortening of هستم، هستی ، etc

121

بچگی

childhood

122

کیف

purse

123

کلید

key

124

پیدا کردن

to find

125

دُرُست

true

126

بدیمنی

ominous, unlucky

127

بدی

evil

128

سختی

difficult

129

(-ساختن (ساز

to build, to make

130

شرح

description

131

سنت

custom

132

(رسم (رسوم

tradition

133

(-طول کشیدن (کش

to last, to take (time)

134

دیشب

last night

135

(-آوردن (آور

to bring

136

پول

money

137

با خودم\ت\ش

with me/you/him/etc (ex. to bring money with me)

138

پارسال

last year