011915 nutrition adult Flashcards Preview

Gastrointes 3 > 011915 nutrition adult > Flashcards

Flashcards in 011915 nutrition adult Deck (26):
1

dietary reference intake

guidelines for macronutrients, vitamins, minerals across age groups

amt to prevent disease in 50% of population

2

RDA

amt sufficient to prevent disease in 50% of population

3

when would you limit protein?

for renal disease

4

diagnostic criteria for malnutrition

insufficient energy intake
weight loss
loss of muscle mass-decreased strength
loss of subcutaneous fat
localized or generalized fluid accumulation

need talk to pt! not diagnosed from albumin levels

5

thiamin/vit B1 is found in

pork, whole grains, legumes (beans)

6

wet Beriberi

edema
thiamin defic

7

sources of pantothenic acid / vit B5

widespread
legumes, whole grains, meat

8

niacin/vit B3 is found in what

MEATS, legumes
can also synthesize from tryptophan

9

toxicity of niacin/vit B3

histamine induced flushing
liver damage

10

sources of pyridoxine/vit B6

plants, animal sources
potatoes, chicken, salmon, nuts, fortified cereals

11

toxicity of pyridoxine/vit B6

neurotoxic
photosensitivity

12

sources of riboflavin/vit B2

milk, DAIRY, eggs, ENRICHED CEREALS, dark leafy greens

13

glossitis

niacin/vit B3 defic
riboflavin/vit B2 defic

14

riboflavin/vit B2 defic-symptoms

cheilitis, glossitis, dermatitis, anemia

15

sources of biotin

widely distributed
EGG YOLKS, liver, yeast, whole grains, veggies

16

sources of vit B9/folate

liver, dark leafy vegetables, broccoli, legumes

17

hyperhomocysteinemia

vit B9/folate defic
cobalamin/vitB12 defic

18

sources of cobalamin/vitB12

ONLY animal sources
meat and meat products

19

vit C requirements are increased for

smokers

20

4H's-scurvy

hemorrhage
hyperkeratosis
hypochondriasis
hematologic abrnomalities

21

toxicity of ascorbic acid/vit C

hyperoxaluria (increased risk for renal oxalate stones)
diarrhea
iron overdose

22

sources of vit E/tocopherol

plant oils, nuts, seeds

23

sources of retinol

animal sources-fish oils

24

sources of carotenoids

plant foods-orange vegetables, dark leafy greens

25

hypoguesia

zinc deficiency

26

micronutrients for the elderly?

look out for calcium, vit D,
B vitamins, vit E