Flashcards in 011915 nutrition infancy Deck (19):
prenatal vitamins are always recommended: true or flase
why is breastfeeding beneficial?
better for baby's immune system
better digested-less gas and constipation
linked to decreased risk of ovarian and breast cancer in woman
improves mother/child bonding
burns calories for mother
during breastfeeding, should you continue prenatal vitamins?
what growth chart do you use for premature infants?
Fenton 2003 growth chart
what growth chart do you use for 0-24 months old?
WHO growth chart (use even at 24 months exactly)
what growth chart do you use for 2-20 years old?
CDC growth charts
Down syndrome's growth chart's use
not recommended for use
cerebral palsy-what growth chart do you use?
Brooks growth chart
micronutrient needs of infancy
vit K (single dose given at birth to infants)
iron (in breastfed infants, supplement by 6 months of age)
vit D (in breastfed infants, start supplement shortly after birth)
infants on infant formula are likely meeting atll micronutrient needs
lack of adquate protein in diet
edema that masks muscle wasting
for the first 6 months of life, what is the sole source of nutrition?
breast milk and/or formula
GER in infancy
common in newborns
usually resolves with lower volume feedings, position changes, and maturation of infant's GI tract
doesn't affect infant's growth
GERD in infancy
reflux accompanied by symptoms and complications (inadequate growth)
puking after every feed and not growing well
normal stooling patterns in infancy
breastfed: 3-4 soft, medium sized yellow stools in a day
formula fed: firmer, less frequent, tan colored
infancy through adolescence: micronutrients
iron (heme iron sources are better than non-heme)
when are multi vitamins for population of infants through adolescence needed?
at risk populations:
anorexia, fad diets
diet restriction for obesity
failure to thrive
omitting food groups
multivit not universally recommended
toddlers/preschoolers eating 4-6 times a day-normal?
in athletes, what nutritional differences may you need?
carbs-encourage after workouts
protein-may ned 50-150% more than recommended dietary allowance (discourage protein supplements)
water-need water for weight lost