011915 nutrition infancy Flashcards Preview

Gastrointes 3 > 011915 nutrition infancy > Flashcards

Flashcards in 011915 nutrition infancy Deck (19):
1

prenatal vitamins are always recommended: true or flase

true

2

why is breastfeeding beneficial?

better for baby's immune system
better digested-less gas and constipation
linked to decreased risk of ovarian and breast cancer in woman
less expensive
improves mother/child bonding
burns calories for mother

3

during breastfeeding, should you continue prenatal vitamins?

yes

4

what growth chart do you use for premature infants?

Fenton 2003 growth chart

5

what growth chart do you use for 0-24 months old?

WHO growth chart (use even at 24 months exactly)

6

what growth chart do you use for 2-20 years old?

CDC growth charts

7

Down syndrome's growth chart's use

not recommended for use

8

cerebral palsy-what growth chart do you use?

Brooks growth chart

9

micronutrient needs of infancy

vit K (single dose given at birth to infants)
iron (in breastfed infants, supplement by 6 months of age)
vit D (in breastfed infants, start supplement shortly after birth)

infants on infant formula are likely meeting atll micronutrient needs

10

kwashiorkor

lack of adquate protein in diet
edema that masks muscle wasting

11

for the first 6 months of life, what is the sole source of nutrition?

breast milk and/or formula
no water

12

GER in infancy

gastroesophageal reflux
common in newborns
puking
usually resolves with lower volume feedings, position changes, and maturation of infant's GI tract
doesn't affect infant's growth

13

GERD in infancy

reflux accompanied by symptoms and complications (inadequate growth)
puking after every feed and not growing well

14

normal stooling patterns in infancy

breastfed: 3-4 soft, medium sized yellow stools in a day
formula fed: firmer, less frequent, tan colored

15

infancy through adolescence: micronutrients

calcium
vitamin D
iron (heme iron sources are better than non-heme)

16

when are multi vitamins for population of infants through adolescence needed?

at risk populations:
anorexia, fad diets
chronic disease
diet restriction for obesity
failure to thrive
food allergies
omitting food groups

multivit not universally recommended

17

toddlers/preschoolers eating 4-6 times a day-normal?

yes

18

in athletes, what nutritional differences may you need?

carbs-encourage after workouts
protein-may ned 50-150% more than recommended dietary allowance (discourage protein supplements)

water-need water for weight lost

19

high milk volume is at risk for what deficiency

iron deficiency (iron in meats, veggies)