04 Test Modules 1-2 Flashcards Preview

Biology > 04 Test Modules 1-2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 04 Test Modules 1-2 Deck (41)
Loading flashcards...
1

The sum total of all processes in an organism which convert energy and matter from outside sources and use that energy and matter to sustain the organism’s life functions

Metabolism

2

The sum total of all processes in an organism which use energy and simple chemical building blocks to produce large chemicals and structures necessary for life

Anabolism

3

The process by which green plants and some other organisms use the energy of sunlight and simple chemicals to produce their own food

Photosynthesis

4

Organisms that eat only plants

Herbivores

5

Organisms that eat only organisms other than plants

Carnivores

6

Organisms that eat both plants and other organisms

Omnivores

7

Organisms that produce their own food

Producers

8

Organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers for food

Consumers

9

Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms

Decomposers

10

Organisms that are able to make their own food

Autotrophs

11

Organisms that depend on other organisms for their food

Heterotrophs

12

Special structures that allow living organisms to sense the conditions of their internal or external environment

Receptors

13

Reproduction accomplished by a single organism

Asexual reproduction

14

Reproduction that requires two organisms

Sexual reproduction

15

The process by which physical and biological characteristics are transmitted from the parent (or parents) to the offspring

Inheritance

16

An abrupt and marked change in the DNA of an organism compared to that of its parents

Mutation

17

An educated guess that attempts to explain an observation or answer a question

Hypothesis

18

A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount of data

Theory

19

A theory that has been tested by and is consistent with generations of data

Scientific law

20

Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye

Microorganisms

21

The idea that long ago, very simple life forms spontaneously appeared through chemical reactions

Abiogenesis

22

A cell that has no distinct, membrane-bounded organelles

Prokaryotic cell

23

A cell with distinct, membrane-bounded organelles

Eukaryotic cell

24

A unit of one or more populations of individuals that can reproduce under normal conditions, produce fertile offspring, and are reproductively isolated from other such units

Species

25

The science of classifying organisms

Taxonomy

26

Naming an organism with its genus and species name

Binomial nomenclature

27

An organism that causes disease

Pathogen

28

An organism that feeds on dead matter

Saprophyte

29

An organism that feeds on a living host

Parasite

30

An organism that requires oxygen

Aerobic organism