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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (187)
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1

Population growth that is unhindered because of the abundance of resources for an ever-increasing population

Exponential growth

2

A temporary union of two organisms for the purpose of DNA transfer

Conjugation

3

A small, circular section of extra DNA that confers one or more traits to a bacterium and can be reproduced separately from the main bacterial genetic code

Plasmid

4

An organism that requires oxygen

Aerobic organism

5

The process in which infection by a virus results in DNA being transferred from one bacterium to another

Transduction

6

A state in which members of a population die as quickly as new members are born

Steady state

7

Population growth that is controlled by limited resources

Logistic growth

8

An organism that feeds on dead matter

Saprophyte

9

Organisms from the same species that have markedly different traits

Strains

10

An organism that does not require oxygen

Anaerobic organism

11

The DNA and other essential parts of a bacterium coated with several hard layers

Endospore

12

An organism that feeds on a living host

Parasite

13

The process by which green plants and some other organisms use the energy of sunlight and simple chemicals to produce their own food

Photosynthesis

14

The sum total of all processes in an organism which convert energy and matter from outside sources and use that energy and matter to sustain the organism’s life functions

Metabolism

15

Naming an organism with its genus and species name

Binomial nomenclature

16

A cell with distinct, membrane-bounded organelles

Eukaryotic cell

17

Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms

Decomposers

18

Reproduction accomplished by a single organism

Asexual reproduction

19

Organisms that eat both plants and other organisms

Omnivores

20

The sum total of all processes in an organism which break down chemicals to produce energy and simple chemical building blocks

Catabolism

21

Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye

Microorganisms

22

A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount of data

Theory

23

A theory that has been tested by and is consistent with generations of data

Scientific law

24

Part labeled C) in diagram

Arm

25

Part labeled I) in diagram

Objective

26

Part labeled G) in diagram

Body Tube

27

Part labeled A) in diagram

Coarse adjustment knob

28

Part labeled E) in diagram

Base

29

Part labeled D) in diagram

Stage Clips

30

Part labeled H) in diagram

Revolving nose piece