07 Test Modules 3-4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 07 Test Modules 3-4 Deck (37)
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1

A temporary, foot-like extension of a cell, used for locomotion or engulfing food

Pseudopod

2

The region of a eukaryotic cell that contains the cell’s main DNA

Nucleus

3

A membrane-bounded “sac” within a cell

Vacuole

4

The thin, watery cytoplasm near the plasma membrane of some cells

Ectoplasm

5

The dense cytoplasm found in the interior of many cells

Endoplasm

6

A protozoan that propels itself with a flagellum

Flagellate

7

A firm, flexible coating outside the plasma membrane

Pellicle

8

An organelle containing chlorophyll for photosynthesis

Chloroplast

9

A pigment necessary for photosynthesis

Chlorophyll

10

A light-sensitive region in certain protozoa

Eyespot

11

A close relationship between two or more species where at least one benefits

Symbiosis

12

A relationship between two or more organisms of different species where all benefit from the association

Mutualism

13

A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited

Commensalism

14

A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is harmed

Parasitism

15

Hairlike projections that extend from the plasma membrane and are used for locomotion

Cilia

16

A reproductive cell with a hard, protective coating

Spore

17

Tiny organisms that float in the water

Plankton

18

Tiny floating organisms that are either small animals or protozoa

Zooplankton

19

Tiny floating photosynthetic organisms, primarily algae

Phytoplankton

20

The body of a plant-like organism that is not divided into leaves, roots, or stems

Thallus

21

A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls of many organisms

Cellulose

22

A special structure used by an organism to anchor itself

Holdfast

23

A colony that uses holdfasts to anchor itself to an object

Sessile Colony

24

Digestion that takes place outside of the cell

Extracellular digestion

25

The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestion and absorption of the digested food

Mycelium

26

A filament of fungal cells

Hypha

27

A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus grows

Rhizoid hypha

28

A hypha that is not imbedded in the material upon which the fungus grows

Aerial hypha

29

Specialized aerial hypha that produces spores

Sporophore

30

An aerial hypha that asexually reproduces to make more filaments

Stolon