Patients who present with GI tract infections tend to have travelled ___ recently.
What will be seen on examination of a patient with an GI infection?
Fever - most common
Rash - particularly in HIV
What "mundane" infection may cause fever in returning travellers?
Pneumonia / Influenza
What is the vector for malaria?
What family of organisms cause malaria?
Which organism causes enteric / typhoid fever?
Which viruses cause dengue fever and chikungunya?
Travellers with infectious GI diseases should be ___ until the cause is known.
What is acute traveller's diarrhoea?
3 loose stools in 24h
Which organism typically causes acute traveller's diarrhoea?
Enterotoxic E. coli
Other than E. coli, which organisms cause acute traveller's diarrhoea?
What is the main symptom of acute traveller's diarrhoea?
Which disease causes profuse watery diarrhoea?
Cholera - outbreaks, refugee camps
Which organism tends to cause dysentery?
Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli 0157
How is acute traveller's diarrhoea investigated?
How is acute traveller's diarrhoea treated?
Fluid replacement (oral/IV)
Bloody diarrhoea/high fever would very rarely indicate the use of ___ to treat the underlying cause.
What are the two types of enteric fever?
Typhoid fever / paratyphoid fever
Which family of organisms cause enteric fever?
Who tends to get enteric fever?
People visiting India / SE Asia
What is the incubation period of Salmonella in enteric fever?
What are some symptoms of enteric fever?
Which antibiotic would be tentatively used if an enteric fever patient was extremely ill?
Which specific organisms cause typhoid and paratyphoid fever (enteric fever)?
Vaccination against enteric fever offers (complete / incomplete) protection.
Which infectious disease causes haemolytic jaundice?
Which disease occurs as a complication of diarrhoea related to E. colo 0157, Shigella infection?
What is a common post-hepatic cause of jaundice?
What organism commonly causes amoebic dysentery?
What are the symptoms of amoebic dysentery?
leading to complications - colitis, perforation, peritonitis
What investigation is done to diagnose amoebic dysentery?