Flashcards in 10/5/12 b Deck (27):
Metolazide and idapamide belong to what class of diuretic?
Pt's w/ _______ should not be given thiazides (or most diuretics).
Thiazides and other non-K+-sparing diuretics risk what acid-base disturbance.
The lacunar variant of Reed-Sternberg cells and collagen fibrils are seen in the histopathology of what disease?
nodular, sclerosing Hodgkin's lymphoma
In what syndrome do you see esophageal webs?
What is the main Sx of esophageal webs?
What are the 3 components of Plummer-Vinson syndrome?
atrophic glossitis, esophageal webs, Fe_def anemia
What part of the esophagus do esophageal webs usually occur in?
Pts w/ Plummer-Vinson syndrome are at increased risk of developing what serious disease?
squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus
How many molecules of ATP are normally made from 1 molecule of glucose in normal ANAEROBIC respiration?
How is CNS toxoplasmosis treated?
pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine
What is the classic triad of Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome?
purpura, eczema, and infections w/ bacteria w/ polysaccharide capsules
What are the immunoglobulin levels of Wiskpott-Aldrich syndrome?
low IgM, normal IgG, high IgA/IgE
What immunodeficiency shows up later in life in Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome?
What immune deficit characterizes cmmon variable immunodeficiency?
When does common variable immunodeficiency usu. appear?
late teens/early twenties
What is the inheritance pattern of Wiskott-Aldrich?
What cardiovascular anomaly, other than coarctation of the aorta, is commonly found in women w/ Turner syndrome?
bicuspid aortic valve
Autonomic control of vascular tone is entirely controlled by the _______ nervous system.
Which CN is stimulated by stretch of the carotid bodies?
CN IX (glossopharyngeal)
Which CN is stimulated by the stretch of the aortic baroreceptors?
CN X (vagus)
Within what period of time may thrombolytics be administered to the victim of an ischemic stroke?
Why is the effect of alteplase limited to the site of thrombotic occlusion?
plasminogen is activated better in the presence of fibrin
What is selegeline?
a centrally-acting MAO-I used in Parkinson's
What is the mechanism of action of acyclovir?
gaunosine analog - terminates DNA replication
What bone disease is associated w/ celiac sprue?