What part of the respiratory tract is found above the trachea?
The larynx is a series of ___ joined by connective tissues and moved by muscles.
The larynx is found between the ___ and the ___.
Which muscles, found in the pretrachial fascia, act as accessory muscles of breathing?
What are the four strap muscles of the neck?
What part of the pharynx is found posterior to the larynx?
What blood vessels are found to either side of the larynx?
Common carotid artery
Internal jugular vein
At which vertebral level is the hyoid bone found?
At which vertebral level is the thyroid cartilage found?
At which vertebral level is the cricoid cartilage found?
Same level as cricopharyngeus (START OF THE OESOPHAGUS)
What is the first palpable spinous process?
Which directions do the larynx and epiglottis move to prevent aspiration into the respiratory tract?
Larynx moves UP
Epiglottis moves DOWN
Which bone are the cartilages of the larynx suspended from?
Which bone is found at the top of the larynx?
Which membrane is found between the hyoid bone and the thyroid cartilage?
What are three notable parts of the thyroid cartilage?
Laryngeal prominence (Adam's apple)
What are the four important cartilages of the larynx?
Arytenoid cartilages (posteriorly)
What type of cartilage make up the
b) thyroid cartilage
c) arytenoid cartilages
d) cricoid cartilage?
a) Elastic cartilage
b) c) d) All hyaline cartilage
Which joint connects the
a) thyroid and cricoid cartilages
b) arytenoid and cricoid cartilages?
a) Cricothyroid joint
important landmark - where recurrent laryngeal nerve becomes inferior laryngeal nerve
b) Cricoarytenoid joint
What shape is the 1st tracheal ring?
Which part of the cricoid cartilage compresses the oesophagus when you press on it?
What is the inlet of the larynx called?
to make things even more confusing
What are the two types of vocal fold found in the larynx?
False vocal cord
True vocal cord
What must a vocal fold be covered in to be called a vocal cord?
What is the origin and insertion of the true vocal cords?
Vocal processes of arytenoid cartilages
What are the two important ligaments of the larynx?
What is the membrane running between the epiglottis and vestibular ligament?
What is the membrane running between the vocal ligament and the cricoid cartilage?
Which membranes join the
a) hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage
b) epiglottis and vestibular ligament
c) vocal ligament and cricoid cartilage?
a) Thyrohyoid membrane
b) Quadrangular membrane
c) Conus elasticus
What is the space between the true vocal cords called?