10. Herbs that Resolve Dampness Flashcards Preview

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What is the difference between "dispel" vs "resolve" dampness?

For wind damp bi we say dispel. This is for joint pain, muscle pain, numbness, stiffness etc.


For middle jiao dampness we say resolve, dissolve or transform.


What is the general energy and taste of herbs that resolve dampness?

Energy: warm, dry

Taste: aromatic/pungent 


What is the general function of herbs that resolve dampness?

Resolve dampness and enhance the spleen's function of transformation and transportation. They are used for dampness obstruction in the middle jiao, spleen dysfunction and disorder of T & T.


What are the manifestations of spleen dysfunction or obstruction in the middle jiao?

  • Poor appetite
  • Loose stools
  • Fatigue
  • Fullness of the epigastrium
  • Vomiting
  • Acid regurgitation
  • White, greasy tongue coating
  • Summer heat signs


What are other combinations herbs that resolve dampness might be used together with?

  • Herbs that tonify the spleen: for spleen deficiency with dampness
  • Herbs that move Qi: for Qi stagnation in teh middle Jiao with damp stagnation
  • Herbs that clear heat and dry dampness: if the dampness turns to damp heat
  • Herbs that warm the interior: for damp cold stagnation in the middle jiao


What are the precautions and contraindications for herbs that resolve dampness?

  1. Herbs that resolve dampness are mostly pungent and warm. They easily damage Yin and consume Qi. Use with caution in patients with Yin and Qi deficiency
  2. This group of herbs is aromatic, it should be cooked for a short time. 


Pharmaceutical, Botanical and Common names for Huo Xiang?

Herba Agastaches seu Pogostemi

Agastache rugosa

Patchouli, Pogostemon


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Huo Xiang?

Energy: slightly warm

Taste: Pungent

Meridians: Spleen, Stomach


Functions and Indications for Huo Xiang?

1.Aromatically resolves or transforms dampness, releases exterior - damp obsturction in the middle jiao, EPI - eg. stomach flu, acute gastritis, Wind Damp with internal dampness

2.Harmonizes middle jiao, stops vomiting, treat summer heat dampness - use for poor appetite, gastric fullness, nausea, vomiting, hepatitis without jaundice

3.Moves Qi, stops pain - watery diarrhea, morning sickness due to Cold Damp stagnation in the middle jiao, epigastric pain due to qi stagnation


Pharmaceutical, Botanical and Common names for Pei Lan?

Herba Eupatorii Fortunei

Eupato rium fortunei



Energy, Taste, Meridians for Pei Lan?

Energy: Even

Taste: Pungent

Meridians: Spleen, Stomach


Functions and Indications for Pei Lan?

1. Arouse spleen, Resolve dampness - poor appetite, gastric fullness, stifling sensation in the chest, nausea or vomiting due to damp obstruction

2. Harmonize middle jiao

3. Release Exterior, Expel Summer Heat - poor appetite, nausea, headache due to Summer Heat; stomach flu, acute gastritis


What is the pathogenesis that causes yin summer heat sydnrome? How is this different from yang summer heat? What herbs are good for yin summer heat?

Also called Yin summer heat. People eat too much cold, icy food or are exposed to too much cold AC. Yang qi becomes blocked in the body rather than dispersing. People feel fatigued, nauseous and get diarrhea.

Summer heat happens in the summertime. Yin summer heat and yang summer heat. Dehydration is yang summer heat. Summer heat dampness is yin summer heat.

In winter if you eat cold food you can just take warm interior herbs. But if you eat cold food in the summer you first need Huo Xiang to release exterior. Xiang Ru, Pei Lan also good. Pei Lan is weaker than Huo Xiang for clearing summer heat.


Pharmaceutical, Botanical and Common names for Hou Po?

Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis

Magnolia officinalis

Magnolia Bark


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Hou Po?

Energy: Warm

Taste: Bitter, Pungent

Meridians: Spleen, Stomach, Lung, Large Intestine


Hou Po Functions and Indications?

1.Promotes movement of qi, transforms dampness and removes stagnation - distending abodominal pain (acute or chornic gastritis, enteritis), due to Qi decreases BP, peptic ulcer, constipation

2.Warms and transforms phlegm and directs rebellious qi downward - stifling sensation in chest, cough or asthma due to damp phlegm 


Hou Po is an ingredient in the formula Da Cheng Qi Tang. What does this formula treat?

Da cheng qi tang treats excess type of constipation. Hou Po can move qi and remove stagnation. Used together with herbs that drain down to treat excess. Hou Po goes to the LI, so it can remove stagnation here.


Pharmaceutical, Botanical and Common names for Cang Zhu?

Rhizoma Atractylodis

Atractylodes lancea



Energy, Taste, Meridians for Cang Zhu?

Energy: Warm

Taste: Pungent, Bitter

Meridians: Spleen, Stomach


Functions and Indications for Cang Zhu?

1.Strongly dries dampness and strengthens spleen - for abdominal distention, diarrhea, nausea, poor appetite, lassitude from SP/ST damp

2.Expels wind-dampness, stop pain - Cold Damp Bi or Damp Heat Bi, arthritis

3.Dispel cold, releases exterior - Wind Cold Damp exterior syndrome

4.Bright vision - for night blindness or glaucoma


Pharmaceutical, Botanical and Comon names for Sha Ren?

Fructus Amomi

Amomum villosum

Grains of Paradise fruit, Cardamom


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Sha Ren?

Energy: slightly warm

Taste: Pungent

Meridians: Spleen, Stomach, Kidney


Functions and Indications for Sha Ren?

1. Warm stomach, stop cold vomiting - for vomiting or morning sickness d/t Cold in Stomach, gastritis, peptic ulcer, useful for treating over eating of cold food

2. Calms fetus - threatened miscarriage

3. Promotes qi movement and strengthens stomach, prevents stagnations in middle jiao - stomach ache due to qi stagnation

4. Warm spleen, stop diarrhea - diarrhea, dysentery


Pharmaceutical, Botanical and Common names for Bai Dou Kou?

Fructus Amomi Kravanh

Amomum Kravanh, A. cadarmomum

Round cardamom


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Bai Dou Kou?

Energy: Warm

Taste: Pungent

Meridians: Lung, Spleen, Stomach


Functions and Indications for Bai Dou Kou?

1. Aromatically transforms dampness - stuffiness in the chest and epigastrium due to dampness, gastritis

2. Warms middle jiao, descends rebellious qi, stop vomiting - vomiting, poor appetite from ST cold

3. Tonify spleen, relieve diarrhea - diarrhea due to Spleen xu, morning sickness


Compare and contrast Sha Ren and Bai Dou Kou.

Both of them can transform dampness obstructing middle jiao.

Both can stop vomiting and diarrhea

Sha Ren is better to stop diarrhea. Sha Ren able to stabilize fetus.

Bai Dou Kou better able to relieve vomiting


Pharmaceutical, Botanical and Common names for Cao Guo?

Fructus Amomi Tsao-ko

Amomum tsao-ko 

Tsaoko fruit


Energy, Taste and Meridians for Cao Guo?

Energy: Warm

Taste: Pungent

Meridians: Spleen, Stomach


Functions and Indications of Cao Guo?

1.Strongly dries dampness and disperses cold, warms middle jiao, stop pain - abdominal pain or vomiting due ot Cold Damp stagnation in the MJ

2.Prevent malaria - alternating fever and chills caused by mosquito bite, more chills than fever due to Dampness obstruction

3.Move Qi, remove stagnation and relieve distention - indigestion due to meat stagnation