9.1 Herbs that Dispel Wind Damp, Expel Cold Flashcards Preview

Materia Medica III > 9.1 Herbs that Dispel Wind Damp, Expel Cold > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9.1 Herbs that Dispel Wind Damp, Expel Cold Deck (50)
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1

What are the three subcategories of herbs that dispel wind damp?

  1. Herbs to dispel wind damp cold
  2. Herbs to dispel wind damp heat
  3. Herbs to dispel wind damp and strengthen tendon and bone

2

Describe the general properties of herbs that dispel wind damp cold? i.e. flavour, temperature, channels entered

Pungent - dispel wind, disperse and move, remove blood stasis, move qi stagnation 

Bitter - drain dampness 

Warm - overcome cold

Enter: These herbs go into liver (tendons), spleen (muscles) and kidney (bones).

This group of herbs can dispel wind damp cold, stop pain (pain is worse with cold than heat wind damp), soothe tendon, open meridian. Can treat wind damp BI syndrome. Can combine with herbs that dispel cold.

 

3

Describe the properties of herbs that dispel wind damp heat?

Pungent - dispel wind, disperse and move, remove blood stasis, move qi stagnation

Bitter - drain dampness

Cold - overcome heat.

Channels: Herbs enter liver, spleen and kidney.

Dispel wind damp heat Bi syndrome, open meridian, clear heat, relieve swelling.

4

Describe the properties of herbs that dispel wind damp and strenthen tendon and bone?

Bitter - drain dampness

Sweet - tonify deficiency

Warm - tonify deficiency

Channels: Enter liver and kidney meridians.

Properties are to reduce excess of wind damp but also tonify deficiency, esp. kidney and liver deficiency, strengthen tendons and bones. 

Used for long term Bi syndrome with weakness of lumbar and knees, long term paralysis from stroke, chronic pain, arthritis.

5

What are 4 types of Bi syndrome that these herbs can help with? Which pathogen or symptom dominates for each?

  1. Wandering Bi - wind dominating
  2. Fixed Bi - damp dominating
  3. Pain Bi - cold dominating
  4. Head Bi - head pain dominating

6

In addition to herbs that dispel wind damp, what herbs must you add for Wandering Bi?

Add herbs that move blood and nourish blood.

7

In addition to herbs that dispel wind damp cold, what herbs should you add for Fixed Bi?

Herbs that dry dampness, tonify the spleen and eliminate dampness.

8

In addition to herbs that dispel wind damp cold, what herbs should you add for Pain Bi?

Herbs that dispel cold, stop pain.

Herbs that warm Yang and move blood.

9

In addition to herbs that dispel wind damp, what herbs should you add for Head Bi? What additions would be appropriate for acute vs chronic stages?

Herbs that clear heat and cool blood.

In initial stages add herbs that release the exterior.

Chronic cases add herbs that tonify liver and kidney, tonify qi and blood.

10

What are the precautions and contraindications for herbs that dispel wind damp?

  1. This category of herbs is pungent. They easily damage Yin and blood. Use with caution for patients with yin or blood xu.
  2. This category of herbs is often used for a long time. They can be made into pills or tinctures for long term intake/

11

What are common symptoms that would clue you into the need for herbs that dispel wind damp?

Common symptoms:

  • Arthritis
  • Edema
  • Headaches
  • Heaviness
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle pain
  • Numbness
  • Rigidity
  • Stiffness

Note: edema is usually from spleen qi deficiency, so this is NOT a main symptom, however some people with arthritis may get distal edema which could be from exterior wind damp.

12

What herb is considered to be the MOST important for wind damp invasion?

Du Huo, Pubescent Angelica Root

13

Give the pharmaceutica, botanical and common names for Du Huo.

Radix Angelicae Pubescentis

Angelica Pubescens

Pubescent Angelica root

14

Give Energy, Taste and Meridians for Du Huo.

Energy: Slightly warm

Taste: Pungent, Bitter

Meridians: Kidney, Bladder

15

Give Functions and Indications for Du Huo.

Functions:

  1. Dispel Wind, stop pain: Painful stasis due to Wind Damp Bi. Stronger action on the lower body, lumbar, legs, calves, feet.
  2. Dispel Cold, Release exterior: Headache, exterior invasion sx. eg. body aches from the flu.
  3. Assists in treating blood stasis: toothache, headache esp. Shaoyin headache radiating to the teeth and cheeks.

16

What is a common combination for Du Huo to treat Wandering Bi of the whole body?

Qiang Huo, Notopterygii

Warm, Acrid Surface Releasing category

Qiang Huo has the power to guide other herbs to Tai yang (and Du channel) and is better suited to an attack on the upper body. Can use for body aches from flu. Often use with Du Huo to treat whole body general pain.

17

Pharmaceutica, Botanical and common names for Wei Ling Xian? 

Radix Clematidia

Clematis Chinesis

Clematis root or Chinese clematis root

18

Energy, Taste, Meridians for Wei Ling Xian?

Energy: Warm

Taste: Pungent, Salty

Meridians: Bladder

19

Functions and Indications for Wei Ling Xian?

1)Dispels Wind-Dampness, unblocks the channels and alleviates pain:

i.Wind-Damp painful obstruction Bi (whole body aches especially)

ii.Intractable Bi blockage of Qi and Blood, joint pain

2) Softens and transforms fish bones:

i.Fish bones lodged in throat

3) Reduces phlegm and pathogenic water (regulates urination):

i.Focal distention and accumulation in the middle burner

ii.Cold Phlegm digestion problems

20

Give the pharmaceutica and common names for Chuang Wu.

Radix Aconiti Carmichaeli

Aconite

21

Energy, Taste and Meridians for Chuang Wu.

Energy: Warm

Taste: Pungent, Bitter

Meridians: Heart, Spleen, Liver, Kidney

22

Functions and Indications for Chuang Wu.

1. dispel wind, remove dampness, for W-C-D Bi pain in joints and whole body.

2. Expel cold, stop pain, for all kinds of pain due to cold, hernia, trauma pain

23

Differentiate the three types of Aconite.

Cao Wu – Processed wild aconite root. Fx same as Chuang Wu 

Chuan(g) Wu – Processed Sichuan Aconite Main (Mother) root. Primary fx is to dispel wind damp to treat joint pain.

Fu Zi – Primary Fx: Warm interior, expel cold (son root or smaller root of aconite)

24

What herbs are incompatible with aconite?

ban xia - Pinellia rhizome

gua luo (whole gua lou fruit) - Loofah

Tian Hua Fen - tricosanthes root, from gua luo as well, it is the gua luo root (clear heat and drain fire), therefore also incompatible

bei mu - Fritillaria bulb (chuan bei mu, zhe bei mu)

bai ji - Bletilla rhizome

bai lian - Ampelopsis, Japanese peppervine root

25

Give the pharmaceutica, botanical and common names for Mu Gua.

Fructus Chaenomelis

Chaenomeles lagenaria C. speciosa

Papaya (Chinese quince)

26

Energy, Taste and Meridian for Mu Gua

Energy: slightly warm

Taste: Sour

Meridians: Liver, Spleen

27

Functions and Indications for Mu Gua.

1.Dispel damp, stop pain, for joint, muscle, tendon pain, limited movement.

2.Harmonize stomach and transforms dampness. Treat dampness in ST/SP. Muscle spasm caused by severe vomiting or diarrhea due to dampness.

3.Reduces food stagnation.

28

One patient W-C-D Bi causing joint stiffness while another has a lot of joint pain. If using Wei Ling Xian and Mu Gua, which is better for each?

Wei Ling Xian better for joint pain.

Mu Gua better for joint stiffness.

29

Give the pharmaceutic, botanical and common name for Hai Feng Teng.

Caulis Piperis Futokadsurae

Piper futokadsura

Kadsura pepper stem

30

Hai feng teng Energy, Taste, Meridian

Energy: slightly warm

Taste: pungent, bitter

Meridian: Liver, (Heart)