What are the general characteristics and meridians for herbs that tonify blood?
Generally sweet and warm. A couple are cooling and moistening.
Function to tonify heart, liver, spleen and kidney.
What are the general indications treated by herbs that tonify blood?
Heart and liver blood deficiency that manifests as pale complexion, pale lips and nails, dizziness, tinnitus, palpitations, insomnia, irregular menstruation, scanty menses, delayed menstrual cycle, light colour or amenorrhea, and a deep, thready, weak pulse.
Herbs that tonify blood are often combined with herbs that... (4 categories)
• Tonify Qi as Qi can generate blood
• Tonify Yin as blood and yin support each other
• Tonify Spleen to generate blood
Move Qi as these herbs are often heavy and can slow digestion (prevent indigestion and bloating)
What are the precautions/contraindications for herbs that tonify blood?
Use with caution in patients with poor appetite or diarrhea d/t Spleen deficiency. For this case, add herbs that tonify the spleen, promote digestion and move Qi.
What does Shu di Huang mean?
Shú - practiced, to grow up
Dì - soil, earth
Huáng - yellow
"cooked earth's yellowness"
Shu Di Huang names?
Radix Rehmanniae Preparata
Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch
cooked rehmannia, prepared rhizome of rehmannia
Energy, Taste, Meridians for Shu Di Huang?
Energy: Slightly warm
Meridians: Heart, Liver, Kidney
Functions/Indications of Shu Di Huang
1. Tonifies blood, regulate menses - dizziness, palpitations, irregular menses d/t Blood Xu, anemia, numbness
2. Nourish Kidney, generate Yin - night sweats, nocturnal emission, tidal fever d/t Kidney Yin Xu, threatened miscarriage, chronic nephritis, menopause, low libido
3. Generate fluids, stop thirst - thirst d/t Yin and Blood Xu, diabetes
What does He Shou Wu mean?
Mr. He's black hair
Shôu - capital, first of all
Wū - dark, black, crow
He Shou Wu names
Radix Polygoni Multiflori
Polygonum multiflorum Thumb
Energy, Taste, Meridians for He Shou Wu?
Energy: Slightly warm
Taste: Bitter, Sweet, Astringent
Meridians: Liver, Kidney
Functions/Indications for He Shou Wu?
1. Tonifies liver and kidney, nourishes blood, augments essence - dizziness, palpitations, early graying of hair d/t Yin Xu and severe Blood Xu, cardiotonic, protects the liver, anemia, heart disease
2.Secures essence, stops leakage - seminal emission, leukorrhea d/t mild Jing Xu, early aging, early grey hair
3.Relieves fire toxicity - carbuncles, boils, scrofula, goiter
4.Moistens intestine, unblocks bowel - constipation d/t dryness of intestines, itchiness
5.Expels wind from skin by nourishing blood - skin disorders d/t Blood dryness causing Wind rash,
What does Bai Shao mean?
Bái - white
Sháo - peony (spoon)
Bai Shao names
Radix Paeoniae Lactiflorae
Paeonia Lactiflora Pall.
Energy, Taste, Meridians for Bai Shao
Taste: Bitter, Sour
Meridians: Liver, Spleen
Functions/Indications for Bai Shao
1. Tonifies blood and regulates menses - irregular menses, dysmenorrhea, uterine bleeding d/t Blood and Yin Xu with Heat in the Blood
2. Nourish and soothe liver, calms liver yang and alleviates pain - headache and dizziness d/t Liver Yang rising, diarrhea and abdominal pain due to disharmony between liver and spleen, liver qi stagnation with liver yang rising, Bi syndrome due to blood xu with pain and spasms
3. Preserves yin and harmonize Ying and Wei (nutritive and defensive levels) - spontaneous sweating, ext w-c deficiency
What does Dang Gui mean?
"state of return"
"ought to return"
Dāng - equal to
Guī - to return, to go back
Dang Gui names
Radix Angelicae Sinensis
Angelica sinensis Diels
Energy, Taste, Meridians for Dang Gui
Taste: pungent, sweet
Meridians: Liver, Heart, Spleen
Functions and Indications for Dang Gui
1. Tonifies blood and regulates menses - irregular menses, dysmenorrhea d/t Blood xu
2. Activate blood and stop pain from blood stasis - post partum pain, chest or abdominal pain, headache, joint and muscle Bi d/t Blood Stasis
3. Moistures intestine and unblocks bowels - constipation d/t intestinal dryness
4. Nourish blood, disperses cold from meridian - treat pain from blood stasis due to traumatic injury esp. when accompanied by deficiency cold
5. Reduces swelling, expels pus, generates flesh, alleviates pain - similar to Huang Qi
What are all the different types of pain that Dang Gui can treat?
- pain from blood xu (can nourish blood)
- pain from deficient cold or excess cold (it can disperse cold from meridians)
- pain from yang xu, blood stasis (can activate blood)
What does Ē Jiāo mean?
Names for E Jiao?
Gelatinum Corii Asini or Colla Corii Asini
Equus asinus L.
Energy, Taste, Meridians for E Jiao?
Meridians: Lung, Liver, Kidney
Functions/Indications for E Jiao?
- Tonifies blood - dizziness, palpitations, insomnia, sallow complexion
- Nourishes blood and stops bleeding - hematemasis, uterin bleeding d/t Heat from Yin and Blood Xu, anemia, loss of blood, threatened miscarriage
- Nourishes Yin - insomnia, restlessness, muscular spasm/contracture d/t Yin Xu in later stages of febrile disease
- Moisten lung Yin, stop cough - cough d/t Lung Dryness
- Nourish intestines, promote bowel movement - constipatoin d/t intestinal dryness caused by Yin and Blood Xu
What does Lóng Yân Ròu mean?
"dragon eye flesh"
Lóng - dragon
Yân - eye
Ròu - flesh, meat
Long Yan Rou names
Arillus Euphoriae Longanae
Euphoria longanan Steud
Energy, Taste, Meridians for Long Yan Rou?
Meridians: Heart, Spleen
Functions/Indications for Long Yan Rou?
- Tonify Heart and Spleen, nourish blood, calm spirit - insomnia, palpitations, restlessness d/t SP and HT Qi and Blood Xu, hyperthyroidism, coronary heart disease
- Tonify Qi and Blood - deficiency after severe illness, post partum recovery or for the elderly, neurasthenia, anemia, uterine bleeding,
What does Sāng Shèn Zî mean?
sāng - mulberry
shèn - very, more than, extremely?
Zî - seed