12.2 Herbs that Tonify Blood Flashcards Preview

Materia Medica III > 12.2 Herbs that Tonify Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in 12.2 Herbs that Tonify Blood Deck (41)
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What are the general characteristics and meridians for herbs that tonify blood?

Generally sweet and warm. A couple are cooling and moistening. 

Function to tonify heart, liver, spleen and kidney.


What are the general indications treated by herbs that tonify blood?

Heart and liver blood deficiency that manifests as pale complexion, pale lips and nails, dizziness, tinnitus, palpitations, insomnia, irregular menstruation, scanty menses, delayed menstrual cycle, light colour or amenorrhea, and a deep, thready, weak pulse.


Herbs that tonify blood are often combined with herbs that... (4 categories)

• Tonify Qi as Qi can generate blood

• Tonify Yin as blood and yin support each other

• Tonify Spleen to generate blood

Move Qi as these herbs are often heavy and can slow digestion (prevent indigestion and bloating)


What are the precautions/contraindications for herbs that tonify blood?

Use with caution in patients with poor appetite or diarrhea d/t Spleen deficiency. For this case, add herbs that tonify the spleen, promote digestion and move Qi.


What does Shu di Huang mean?

Shú - practiced, to grow up

Dì - soil, earth

Huáng - yellow

"cooked earth's yellowness"


Shu Di Huang names?

Radix Rehmanniae Preparata

Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch

cooked rehmannia, prepared rhizome of rehmannia


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Shu Di Huang?

Energy: Slightly warm

Taste: Sweet

Meridians: Heart, Liver, Kidney


Functions/Indications of Shu Di Huang

1. Tonifies blood, regulate menses - dizziness, palpitations, irregular menses d/t Blood Xu, anemia, numbness

2. Nourish Kidney, generate Yin - night sweats, nocturnal emission, tidal fever d/t Kidney Yin Xu, threatened miscarriage, chronic nephritis, menopause, low libido

3. Generate fluids, stop thirst - thirst d/t Yin and Blood Xu, diabetes



What does He Shou Wu mean?

Mr. He's black hair

Shôu - capital, first of all

Wū - dark, black, crow


He Shou Wu names


Radix Polygoni Multiflori

Polygonum multiflorum Thumb

fleeceflower root


Energy, Taste, Meridians for He Shou Wu?

Energy: Slightly warm

Taste: Bitter, Sweet, Astringent

Meridians: Liver, Kidney


Functions/Indications for He Shou Wu?

1. Tonifies liver and kidney, nourishes blood, augments essence - dizziness, palpitations, early graying of hair d/t Yin Xu and severe Blood Xu, cardiotonic, protects the liver, anemia, heart disease

2.Secures essence, stops leakage - seminal emission, leukorrhea d/t mild Jing Xu, early aging, early grey hair

3.Relieves fire toxicity - carbuncles, boils, scrofula, goiter 

4.Moistens intestine, unblocks bowel - constipation d/t dryness of intestines, itchiness

5.Expels wind from skin by nourishing blood - skin disorders d/t Blood dryness causing Wind rash, 


What does Bai Shao mean?

white peony

Bái - white

Sháo - peony (spoon)


Bai Shao names

Radix Paeoniae Lactiflorae

Paeonia Lactiflora Pall.

white peony


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Bai Shao

Energy: Cool

Taste: Bitter, Sour

Meridians: Liver, Spleen



Functions/Indications for Bai Shao

1. Tonifies blood and regulates menses - irregular menses, dysmenorrhea, uterine bleeding d/t Blood and Yin Xu with Heat in the Blood

2. Nourish and soothe liver, calms liver yang and alleviates pain - headache and dizziness d/t Liver Yang rising, diarrhea and abdominal pain due to disharmony between liver and spleen, liver qi stagnation with liver yang rising, Bi syndrome due to blood xu with pain and spasms

3. Preserves yin and harmonize Ying and Wei (nutritive and defensive levels) - spontaneous sweating, ext w-c deficiency


What does Dang Gui mean?

"state of return"

"ought to return"

Dāng - equal to

Guī - to return, to go back


Dang Gui names

Radix Angelicae Sinensis

Angelica sinensis Diels



Energy, Taste, Meridians for Dang Gui

Energy: warm

Taste: pungent, sweet

Meridians: Liver, Heart, Spleen


Functions and Indications for Dang Gui

1. Tonifies blood and regulates menses - irregular menses, dysmenorrhea d/t Blood xu

2. Activate blood and stop pain from blood stasis - post partum pain, chest or abdominal pain, headache, joint and muscle Bi d/t Blood Stasis

3. Moistures intestine and unblocks bowels - constipation d/t intestinal dryness

4. Nourish blood, disperses cold from meridian - treat pain from blood stasis due to traumatic injury esp. when accompanied by deficiency cold

5. Reduces swelling, expels pus, generates flesh, alleviates pain - similar to Huang Qi


What are all the different types of pain that Dang Gui can treat?

  • pain from blood xu (can nourish blood)
  • pain from deficient cold or excess cold (it can disperse cold from meridians)
  • pain from yang xu, blood stasis (can activate blood)


What does Ē Jiāo mean?



Names for E Jiao?

Gelatinum Corii Asini or Colla Corii Asini

Equus asinus L.

donkey gelatin


Energy, Taste, Meridians for E Jiao?

Energy: Even

Taste: Sweet

Meridians: Lung, Liver, Kidney


Functions/Indications for E Jiao?

  1. Tonifies blood - dizziness, palpitations, insomnia, sallow complexion
  2. Nourishes blood and stops bleeding - hematemasis, uterin bleeding d/t Heat from Yin and Blood Xu, anemia, loss of blood, threatened miscarriage
  3. Nourishes Yin - insomnia, restlessness, muscular spasm/contracture d/t Yin Xu in later stages of febrile disease
  4. Moisten lung Yin, stop cough - cough d/t Lung Dryness
  5. Nourish intestines, promote bowel movement - constipatoin d/t intestinal dryness caused by Yin and Blood Xu


What does Lóng Yân Ròu mean?

"dragon eye flesh"

Lóng - dragon

Yân - eye

Ròu - flesh, meat


Long Yan Rou names

Arillus Euphoriae Longanae

Euphoria longanan Steud

Longan fruit


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Long Yan Rou?

Energy: warm

Taste: sweet

Meridians: Heart, Spleen


Functions/Indications for Long Yan Rou?

  1. Tonify Heart and Spleen, nourish blood, calm spirit - insomnia, palpitations, restlessness d/t SP and HT Qi and Blood Xu, hyperthyroidism, coronary heart disease
  2. Tonify Qi and Blood - deficiency after severe illness, post partum recovery or for the elderly, neurasthenia, anemia, uterine bleeding, 


What does Sāng Shèn Zî mean?

mori seed 

sāng - mulberry

shèn - very, more than, extremely?

Zî - seed