12.1 Herbs that Tonify Qi Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 12.1 Herbs that Tonify Qi Deck (51)
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What does Ren Shen mean?

Rén = person, people, human being

Shēn - to enter, to refer, to take part in

"man's plant" or "man's root"



Names of Ren Shen?

Radix Ginseng

Panax ginseng



Energy, Taste and Meridians for Ren Shen?

Energy: Slightly warm

Taste: Sweet, Sl. bitter

Meridians: Spleen, Lung, all 5 organs


Functions/Indications for Ren Shen?

1. Strongly tonifies basal qi (Yuan Qi) - extreme deficiency, Qi collapse in severe illness, chronic disease or severe loss of blood

2. Tonifies lung and augment qi - cough or asthma d/t Lung Qi Xu

3. Strengthens spleen and tonifies stomach - chronic diarrhea d/t Spleen Qi Xu, poor digestion, chronic enteritis

4. Generates fluid and stops thirst - diabetes (xiao ke) wasting and thirsting disorder. Can also treat high fever with profuse sweating that injures the BF

5. Benefits heart qi and calms spirit - coronary heart disease, hypothyroidism, neurasthenia, anemia, uterine bleeding


What does Dang Shen mean?

Dang = group, adherent, clique

Shēn - root


Dang Shen names?

Dâng - group, adherent, clique

Shēn - root

group root


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Dang Shen?

Energy: Even

Taste: Sweet

Meridians: Spleen, Lung


Functions/Indications for Dang Shen?

1. Tonifies Qi, rescues collapse - extreme deficiency, Qi collapse in severe illness, chronic disease or severe loss of blood, prolapse of internal organs

2.Tonifies lung - asthma, cough, chronic bronchitis d/t Lung Qi Xu

3. Tonfiy Spleen and MJ - chronic diarrhea d/t Spleen Qi xu, poor digestion, chronic enteritis, 

3.Nourish blood and enrich fluid - insomnia, anemia, uterine bleeding


Xi Yang Shen meaning?

Western Seas root

Western ginseng

Xī - west, western

Yáng - water, the Pacific ocean, seas

Shēn - root


Xi Yang Shen names

Radix Panacis Quinquefolii

American ginseng


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Xi Yang Shen?

Energy: Cold

Taste: Sweet, Sl. bitter

Meridians: Heart, Lung, Kidney


Functions/Indications for Xi Yang Shen?

  1. Tonify Qi, nourish Yin - cough with phlegm or blood due to Lung Yin Xu with excess Heat, low fever, thirst, fatigue d/t Qi and Yin Xu, infantile severe pneumonia
  2. Clear Fire, generate fluids - thirst d/t summer heat, sun stroke, side effects from radiation


What does Tai Zi Shen mean?

Tài - too, very much, excessively

Zî - son, child

Shēn - root

"prince root"

"prince ginseng"


Tai Zi Shen names

Radix Pseudostellariae Heterophyllae

Pseudostellaria heterophylla



Energy, Taste, Meridians for Tai Zi Shen

Energy: Warm

Taste: Sweet, Sl. Bitter

Meridians: Spleen, Lung


Functions/Indications for Tai Zi Shen

  1. Tonify Qi, spleen qi, generate blood - lassitude, spontaneous sweating, palpitations d/t Qi and Blood Xu, heart attack, peptic ulcer with Qi and Yin Xu
  2. Generate fluids, stop thirst - extreme thirst d/t impairment of body fluid, diabetes
  3. Tonify Lungs


Huang Qi names

Radix Astragali Membranacei

 Astragalus membranaceus Bge.

Astragalus, Milkvetch root


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Huang Qi

Energy: Slightly warm

Taste: Sweet

Meridians: Spleen, Lung


Functions/Indications for Huang Qi?

1. Strengthens spleen and augment qi - lassitude, chronic diarrhea

2. Raises yang qi of spleen and stomach - prolapse of internal organs (choose this over Ren Shen)

3. Augments protective qi and stabilizes exterior - spontaneous sweating d/t Wei qi deficiency, exterior excess syndrome, frequent catching of colds or flus

4. Tonifies qi and blood - thirst and lack of fluids d/t qi xu, diabetes

5. Promotes urination and reduces edema - superficial edema, head edema from exterior wind as well as spleen qi deficiency edema. Can treat both deficiency and excess edema.

6. Promotes discharge of pus and generates flesh - excess boils, difficult to cure skin ulcerations d/t deficiency

7. Bi pain syndrome. Also numbness and pain from qi and blood deficiency. Therefore it can treat both excess and deficiency pain.



Bai Zhu names

Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae

Atractylodes macrocephala koids.

white atractylodes


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Bai Zhu

Energy: Warm

Taste: Sweet, Bitter

Meridians: Sleen, Stomach


Functions/Indications for Bai Zhu?

1.Strengthens spleen and augment qi - poor appetite or diarrhea d/t Sp and St Xu, chronic enteritis, anemia

2.Strengthens spleen and dries dampness - cough with profuse phlegm or edema d/t Sp Qi Xu causing fluid retention, chronic bronchitis

3.Stabilizes exterior and stops sweat - spontaneous sweating d/t Qi Xu

4.Strengthens spleen and calms fetus - infantile diarrhea


Shan Yao meaning

mountain medicine

Shān - mountain, hill

Yáo - medicine, medication


Shan Yao names

Radix Dioscoreae Oppositae

Dioscorea opposita

Dioscorea, common yam rhizome


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Shan Yao

Energy: Even

Meridians: Lung, Spleen, Kidney

Taste: Sweet


Functions/Indications for Shan Yao

1. Tonifies spleen and nourishes Stomach yin - poor appetite, diarrhea d/t Sp and St Xu, chronic enteritis, gastritis,

2. Tonifies lung qi and augments lung yin - cough and asthma d/t Lung Xu, chronic bronchitis

3. Tonifies kidney and stabilizes and bind essence - frequent urination, seminal emission d/t Kidney Xu, leukorrhea, chronic nephritis, chronic pyelonephritis, menopause, prostatitis, low libido

4. Generate fluids, stop thirst - thirst and lack of fluids d/t Qi Xu, TB


Bai Bian Dou meaning

Bái - white

Biân - flat, everywhere, common

Dòu - bean

white flat bean


Bai Bian Dou names

Semen Dolichoris Lablab

Dolichos lablab

Hyacinth bean, Dolichos nut


Energy, Taste, Meridians for Bai Bian Dou

Energy: Slightly warm

Taste: Sweet

Meridians: Spleen, Stomach


Functions/Indications for Bai Bian Dou

  1. Tonify Spleen, stop diarrhea - diarrhea or leukorrhea d/t SP/ST Qi Xu causing Dampness, chronic enteritis, chronic gastritis, food poisoning
  2. Resolve Dampness, relieve Summer Heat - vomiting, diarrhead d/t summer heat, chronic bronchitis,