Flashcards in 1.1 a)Recognition of HR: slavery Deck (18):
When did movement to end slavery begin?
Abolitionists began pushing in the 18th century
What did the Lords Mansfield hold?
In the Sommersett's Case of 1772, Lord Mansfield held that slavery was not part of English common law, describing it as 'odious'
What was passed in 1890 to end slavery?
The General Act of Brussels, the 1st international treaty to abolish slavery, aimed at African slave trade
What was passed in 1926 and what was the supplementary convention in 1956?
The Slavery Convention 1926, followed by the Supplmentary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery which recognised colonialism & apartheid as collective forms of slavery
What happened in the 20th century to highlight that slavery hasn't been abolished?
Use of slaves in Nazi Germany and Soviet Unions
How many slaves does the Global Slavery Index estimate there are?
In 2016 , 45.8 million forced labourers
What domestic legislation does Australia/NSW have to protect people from slavery?
Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like Conditions and people Trafficking) Bill 2012.
What did the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like conditions and people Trafficking) Bill 2012 amend?
This amended the Criminal Code Act 1995 to insert more offences, to ensure the broadest range of conduct that could constitute enslaving an invididual are covered in legislation
What percentage of slaves are trafficked for sexual purposes and how many slaves are recruited each year according to the UN?
79% for sexual purposes
2 million (but some nations:China, Libya) don't cooperate w. giving statistics
What slavery occurs in UK?
Child slavery by gangs to grow cannabis
Sexual slavery- 457 visas have been used to import women
What case highlights the existence of sexual slavery in Australia?
Queen v Tang (2008) High Court Case.
What was the outcome of the Queen v Tang (2008) High Court Case?
HC upheld constitutional validity of Criminal Code which was in accordance with Slavery Convention
What does Queen v Tang (2008) High Court Case reflect?
Changing issues. Society has always seen slavery as a breach of political & civil rights. Slavery has reemerged as a massive issue due increase in global trade in human labour
How does media portray human rights- refer to Queen v Tang (2008) High Court Case
'Sex slaves forced to work 20-hour days, court hears' (SMH 2013) highlighted sexual aspects but ignored the breach of fundamental HR
What legislation was made to amend the Criminal Code Act 1995 that inserted offences of forced labour, marriage & ensured the slavery offence applies to conduct which renders a person a slave, as well as conduct involving a person who is already a slave?
Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like Conditions & People Trafficking) Bill 2012.
what did the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like Conditions & People Trafficking) Bill 2012 achieve?.
Extended existing offences of slavery, ensuring broadest range of conduct is now covered in legislation
Why is slavery still a significant international problem?
Despite more nations moving towards democracy, abuse of HR still occurring. Human slavery ranks 3rd behind drugs and arms dealing in terms of a HR issue. Domestic servants in US, brides in India, sex workers and cocoa farms on Ivory Coast all use slaves.