Flashcards in Nature Of Crime Deck (16):
Any act or omission committed against the community at large which is not punishable by the criminal law (don't forget to talk about a omission-
2009 the death of Ebony case R v BW &SW Death due to omission)
How do you prove someone guilty of a criminal act?
It is necessary to prove that
- the accused intended to commit the crime
-the accused actually committed the crime
-there is a causal link between the accused actions and the crime committed
-ve doesn't address underlying causes of why people commit crimes and displacement theory
What does situational crime prevention attempt to do?
Make it harder to commit criminal acts by
1. increasing the risk of getting caught
2.making the crime more difficult to perpetrate 3.making the crime less rewarding
What does social crime prevention aim to do?
Break the cycle of crime by addressing the factors that influence criminal behaviour. It is more expensive initially than situational crime prevention, but in the long run will be cheaper for society.
Egs of social crime prevention:
Ensuring adequate access to education-Home School Liason Officers
Egs of situational crime prevention
lighting in public areas
bars on shop windows/banks
Factors that may lead to criminal behaviour
From a low socio economic background
Have peers/family that engage in crim activity/disregard the law
manslaughter is different to murder
because accused didn't have intent
offender kills with intent- like murder, but there are mitigating factors, eg. defence of provocation
death occurred because offender acted with negligence /recklessly but didn't intend to kill
killing of a person whilst another illegal act was carried out w/o intention of killing/causing serious bodily harm
act of encouraging hatred or contempt of the monarch/gov or inciting violence against a grouup
attempt to brig down governmet
majority of community will obey laws that are
fair, just, utilitarian and represent their morals and ethics. Another reason is bc they contribute a safer more orderly society and there are significant consequences for breaking them.