1.1 b) Recognition of HR: Trade Unionism Flashcards Preview

Legal Studies HSC > 1.1 b) Recognition of HR: Trade Unionism > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.1 b) Recognition of HR: Trade Unionism Deck (18):
1

What was a criminal offence in 18th Century England for workers?

engaging in collective bargaining

2

What happened as 18th century industrial revolution advanced?

Working conditions became appalling, children worked 16 hr days, common law didn't allow workers injured on machinery to sue

3

What act prohibited the formation of trade unions in England?

The Combinations Act, which was repealed in 1828 to reduce risk of revolution

4

What was the 1st trade union in Australia?

Shipwrights Union, established in 1829

5

What act legalised trade unions in England?

Trade Unions Act 1871 , similar act passed in 1881 in NSW

6

What was founded to improve the lives of working people through the political system?

The Australian Labor Party 1891 by union members & supporters

7

Are trade unions effective?

Despite some corruption, they're very effective

8

What entitlements & benefits do workers enjoy today?

OHandS legislation
4 weeks paid annual leave
Maternity leave
Long service leave
Workers Compensation laws
laws protecting unfair dismissal
Right to collectively bargain

9

What 2 benefits were significantly weakened by Howard's Workchoices?

Right to collectively bargain & laws protecting unfair dismissal

10

What was Workchoices replaced by?

Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth)

11

How does the UNDHR recognise the work of trade unions?

Article 23 (4) right to form and trade unions

12

What happened in 2011 that impacted labour rights?

Industrial Relations Amendment (Public Sector Conditions of employment) Act 2011 meant most NSW public servants (except police and council workers) would no longer have their conditions of work determined by an independent body (the NSW Industrial Relations Commission)

13

What the amendment in 2011 that impacted gov. labour rights?

Industrial Relations Amendment (Public Sector Conditions of employment) Act 2011

14

What did the Industrial Relations Amendment (Public Sector Conditions of employment) Act 2011 undermine?

the power of trade unions and the ability to bargain collectively with ease.

15

What is a recent example of the abuse of worker's rights where trade unions were largely blocked out by a company.

In 2014 Optus let 750 people go, with trade unions being kept in the dark about how many, and what type of redundancies were to be given until after the announcement.

16

Why is the right to join and organise trade unions [article 23 (4) UNDHR] considered a fundamental HR?

All humans,(employees) have right to associate collectively, free from any personal/occupational damage.

17

What are key human rights?

A basic & fair wage

18

What did the International Confederation of Trade Unions find in 2005?

ICFTU found 115 trade unionists were murdered and 9000 arrested.

Decks in Legal Studies HSC Class (45):