Flashcards in 1.1 c) Recognition of HR: Universal Suffrage Deck (32):
What is a fundamental right of citizenship?
The right to vote and to organise a political party
for which class was suffrage initially limited to and when?
The ruling elite in 1843 (for land owners)
When did women get the right to vote federally in Australia?
Between what years could women vote in different states in Australia?
Between 1894 and 1908
When did women get the right to vote in the UK?
When did ATSI people get the right to vote?
ATSI people got the right to vote
When did ALL adult South Africans get the right to vote?
In 1994 when apartheid ended
What has grown significantly since 1960
the number of democracies world wide has expanded significantly, however they aren't all perfect.
as well as Robert Mugabe's 'democratic' party in Zimbabwe, what democracy shows that many democracy in many nations is far from perfect?
Accusations of vote rigging in Russia's election and the pressuring of public servants and student to vote for Putin's party.
How is democracy restricted in Russia?
It has control over most media in Russia.
What amendment impacted on suffrage in 2006?
Amendment to the Electoral Act banned all prisoners from voting
What was the jasmine revolution
an outbreak of demonstrations in the Arab world in countries that aren't/weren't effective demoncracies
Where did jasmine revolution start?
Tunisia (after a man burnt himself when his case wasn't heard by the general, following the arbitrary seizing of his goods by police)
What happened after President Mubarak stood down?
, then referendum held limiting time a president could spend in office and removed restrictions on forming political parties
What happened a year into Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood taking office?
Widespread demonstrations led to Military chief overthrowing Morsi. There was a crackdown on Morsi's supporters and many were killed and detained
What was the most brutal crackdown of a country during the Jasmine revolution?
Gaddafhi using anti-aircraft guns to shoot his own protesting civilians in Libya.
Where have demonstrations taken place for democratic change also taken place?
Yemen, Kuwait, Jordan
What was the result of the recent referendum in Turkey?
President Erdogan was given heaps of new powers, scrapping the parliamentary system.
What did critics say about Erdogan's new powers
"It will entrench one man rule and a de facto dictatorship" (2017 SMH: What Erdogan's narrow referendum victory means for Turkey)
What did Erdogan say his new powers would prevent?
It would prevent a military coup, like the many attempted ones it has experienced over the years.
What UN article in the UNDHR protects the right to vote?
Article 21 (3)
How many democracies are there today?
According to Freedom House's 2012 survey: 116.
How many people live in countries that lack basic political and civil freedom?
2.3 billion people, about half of these from China
How many countries that lack basic political and civil freedom?
What was one of the motivations for granting Aboriginal people the right to vote?
Granting Aboriginal people the right to vote in the 1962 so Australia be said to have universal suffrage.
Why is universal suffrage important?
everyone should have the right to vote for their political leaders, regardless of status, gender, race, beliefs, etc. This promotes equality and democracy
What did granting women the right to vote do?
removed the political distinction between the genders, and was a major step towards recognising universal human rights.
How extensive are the number of democracies today?
2/3 of world now have a democracy. But, China is a communist nation and one of the most increasingly powerful and populated nations.
Should voting be compulsory? Is it a violation of HR?
Challenging issue as everyone should participate in democracy, but should the actual process be compulsory?
How effective have international legal and non-legal responses been in advancing the right to vote globally?
Whilst domestic nations have independence in the courts/parliament, developing nations may often not have the same separation of powers, hence there is a degree of control between the defence, courts and the ruling, making it harder to achieve alternative views. Often the courts reinforce decisions made by the president, thus they are only very partially effective.