11 - Derm - Acne - Lesions of acne + Acne variants + Acne rosea Flashcards Preview

CP2 > 11 - Derm - Acne - Lesions of acne + Acne variants + Acne rosea > Flashcards

Flashcards in 11 - Derm - Acne - Lesions of acne + Acne variants + Acne rosea Deck (11):
1

3 types of lesions

open comedones
closed comedones
infl lesions

2

types of inflam lesions

papules/pustules
nodules/cysts

3

papules/pustules - what happens

when closed comodones ruptures - releases infl material into the skin

4

nodules /cysts - occur when? then?

occur when an increased infl response occurs
painful and last longer than pap/pustules

5

following the resolution of inflammatory lesions...2 possibilities

hyper-hypopigmentation (resolves)
scarring - more likely with sev infl lesions

6

3 types of scars

ice pick scars
atrophic scars
hypertrophic/keloid scars

7

aggravating factors

cosmetics and hair products
heat/humidity
excessive washing
squeezing of lesions
steroids/OCP
stress

8

acne variants - 3 (with where? as a feature)

infantile - usually facial, males, spont resolves
steroid acne - mainly trunk
acne fulminans - rare, severe necrotic lesions, syst Sx, and bone cysts/pain

9

acne variants - 5 others

endocrine - secondary to cushings, polycystic ovary disease
acne excoriee - excoriation sign exceeds degree of acne, psychotherapy useful
occupational acne - oils, tar
tropical acne - young caucasians in hot climates
drug ass - isoniazid, corticosteroids, anabolic steroids, androgens, phenytoin

10

Acne rosea - what happens? what about in men?

central facial eruption
papules and pustules, erythema and telangiectasia, rhinophyma in men (nose overgrowth)

11

mgmt of acne rosea

metronidazole, doxycline

Decks in CP2 Class (339):