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Flashcards in 112-NBC Deck (92):
0

What does NATO stand for?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

1

What color is the NBC chemical marker?

Yellow background with red text

2

What color is the NBC biological marker?

Blue background with red text

3

What color is the NBC radiological marker?

White background with black text "ATOM"

4

What color is the NBC chemical minefield marker?

Red background with yellow text "Gas Mines" and stripe

5

What shape are the NBC contamination markers?

​Right isosceles triangle 90/45/45 11x8"

6

What does the M40 FPM consist of?

​Faceblank, filter canister, dual voicemitter assemblies, ​inlet/outlet valves and water drinking system

7

How is an NBC attack expressed vocally?

​GAS-GAS-GAS

8

How is an NBC attack expressed visually?

​Arms extended, fist to ears 3 times as the word GAS is ​said

9

How is an NBC attack expressed by percussion?

​Metal on metal, metal triangles, sirens, intermittent ​horns

10

Where should your rifle be placed when donning a FPM?

Between legs

11

Where should headgear be placed when donning FPM?

On rifle

12

What piece should be covered on the FPM to clear it?

The outlet valve

13

The M40 FPM is designed to protect the wearer from what 2 things?

​Field concentrations of chemical and biological agents

14

The FPM should be donned, cleared, and sealed within what time frame?

​9 Seconds + 6 Sec to put hood in place

15

What lead to the concept of MOPP?

​The need to balance protection with the threat, ​temperature, and urgency of the mission

16

Commanders can adjust the MOPP protection through how many levels?

6

17

What is "MOPP ready"?

When mask is carried

18

What is MOPP level 0?

​MOPP gear available but not warn

19

How long does it take to use M256A1

Approximately 15 minutes

20

What advantage does M256A1 have over M8 and M9?

​Can detect a greater number of agents to include vapor ​hazards

21

How many rolls of M9 tape are issued to a squad?

1

22

Where is M9 tape worn?

​Ankles, wrists and biceps outside protective clothing

23

What is the purpose of M9 tape?

​Detect presence of chemical agents but not identify it

24

What is M9 tape is primarily used on?

Barely visible drops

25

What color will M9 tape turn once in contact with contamination?

​Light pink, reddish brown or violet tint

26

What is M8 paper primarily used on?

Suspected liquid forms

27

How much M8 paper should be used to test liquid?

Half sheet if perforated

28

What can some decontaminants produce on M8 paper?

False positives

29

What are the 3 levels of decontamination?

​Immediate, operational, thorough

30

What are the 3 immediate decon techniques?

​Skin decon, personnel wipe down, operators spray ​down

31

What are the 2 operational decon techniques?

​Vehicle wash down, MOPP gear exchange

32

What are the 3 thorough decon techniques?

​Detailed troop, detailed equipment, detailed aircraft

33

During a nuclear attack one should lay down with the head in what direction?

Toward the blast

34

During a nuclear attack one should lay face down for how long?

​90 Seconds or until debris has stopped falling

35

What are the physical characteristics of nerve agents?

​Odorless, almost colorless liquids, varying greatly in ​viscosity and volatility

36

Nerve agents can penetrate cloth in what form?

Liquid or vapor

37

What material is resistant to nerve agents?

​Butyl rubber and synthetics such as polyester

38

What do nerve agents inhibit?

​Normal transmission of nerve impulses in the ​parasympathetic autonomic nervous system

39

Nerve agent reaction with cholinesterase tends to be __________?

Irreversible

40

When will nerve agents cause the pupils to constrict?

When intoxicated by vapor

41

When will nerve agents cause local muscular twitching?

Exposure to skin

42

Nerve agent antidotes should not be given for what purpose?

Preventative

43

Service members are issued how many 2mg atropine auto injectors?

3

44

Service members are issued how many 600mg 2-PAM CL auto injectors?

3

45

Atropine should be administered how frequently?

​Every 15 minute until atropinization occurs (noted by ​tachycardia and dry mouth)

46

What will Atropine alone not relieve?

Respiratory muscle failure

47

Pralidoxime chloride is used to regenerate what?

​Blocked cholinesterase

48

Atropine should be held firmly at the injection site for at least how long?

10 seconds

49

Nonmedical personnel may give how many sets of 2-PAM CL?

​Three at 15 minute intervals PRN

50

What are the three common blister agents?

​Mustard (HD), Nitrogen Mustard (HN), Lewisite (L)

51

When do mustards manifest symptoms?

​Several hours after exposure

52

What do mustards attack?

​Eyes, respiratory tract, skin

53

Treatment for mustard?

​None (supportive in nature)

54

What are the physical characteristics of mustard (blister) agents?

​Oily, colorless, or pale yellow liquids, sparingly soluble ​in water. HN less volatile and more persistent than HD

55

Photophobia is caused by what agent?

Mustard (blister)

56

Mustard causes blistering in what time frame?

12-48 hours

57

Lewisite is an ________________?

Arsenical

58

What are the physical characteristics of Lewisite?

​Light to dark brown liquid that vaporizes quickly

59

When does a lewisite cause intense pain?

Upon contact

60

A 30% solution of sodium sulfacetamide may be used within 24hrs to combat what?

​Eye infection caused by Lewisite

61

When is British Anti-Lewisite indicated?

​Systemic involvement of Lewisite

62

What is available in a peanut oil suspension for injection?

Dimercaperol

63

Greater than 3mg of BAL will cause what?

Severe symptoms

64

What do blood agents interfere with?

​Enzyme functions i.e. block oxygen transfer

65

What is the blood agent AC?

Hydrocyanic acid

66

What is the blood agent CK?

Cyanogen chloride

67

When are blood agents in a gaseous state?

​Normal temperatures and pressures

68

When do violent convulsions occur after exposure to blood agents?

20-30 seconds

69

What are the 2 suggested antidotes for blood agents?

​Amyl nitrite, sodium thiosulfate

70

What odor is associated with blood agents?

Almonds

71

How is amyl nitrite used?

​2 ampules crushed in hand and held at victims nose (repeated up to 8 ampules)

72

How is sodium thiosulfate administered?

​100-200 mg/kg IV over 9 minutes (speed is key)

73

State four choking agents:

​Phosgene (CG) - most common, Chlorine (CL), ​Chloropicrin, Diphosgene

74

What are the physical characteristics of choking agents?

​Colorless gas, smells like new mown hay or cut grass

75

When exposed to a choking agent there may be no symptoms for up to how long?

2-6 hours

76

What is the treatment for choking agents?

Complete bed rest

77

Incapacitating agents are mainly comprised of what?

Psycho chemicals

78

How are incapacitating agents administered?

​Contaminating food/water, released as aerosols

79

How soon do the first symptoms appear when exposed to incapacitating agents?

30 minutes to several hours

80

What is the standard incapacitant in the US?

​3-quinuclidinyl benzilate (BZ)

81

What is the drug of choice for incapacitating agents?

​Physostigmine (results show in 4 hours but must be continued)

82

What are two categories of harassing agents?

​Lacrimators/Vomiting agents

83

What are two types of tear gas?

​Chloracetophenone (CN), orthochlorobenzilidine malanonitrile (CS) -more potent

84

What are the 3 principle vomiting agents?

​Adamsite (DM), diphenylchloroarsine (DA), diphenylcyanoarsine (DC)

85

How are vomiting agents released?

Aerosols

86

What are S/S of vomiting agents?

​Strong pepper-like irritation in upper respiratory tract. ​Burning in nose/throat, hypersalivation, headache

87

Why do victims of vomiting agents tend to remove their mask?

​Symptoms increase for several minutes in spite of ​adequate protection

88

How should duties be carried out when exposed to vomiting agents?

As vigorously as possible

89

What first aid is given for vomiting agents?

​Wash and rinse with water, mild analgesic may be ​given for headache (recovery within 1-3 hrs)

90

What are the characteristics of white phosphorus (WP)?

​Pale, waxy solid that ignites on contact with air which ​gives off a hot dense smoke composed of phosphorus ​pentoxide particles

91

What treatment should be rendered when burning particles of (WP) embed in the skin.

​Covered with water, a wet cloth or mud. A 0.5% ​solution ​of copper sulfate may be used as a rinse but ​not a dressing