Flashcards in 111-operations Deck (30):
What are the 10 Marine Corps aviation platforms and primary function?
AH-1W Cobra (attack)
CH-46E Sea Knight (medium lift support helo)
CH-53D Sea Stallion (transport equip/supplies)
CH-53E Super Sea Stallion (transport heavy equip/supplies)
UH-1N Huey (utility helo)
MV-22B Osprey (amphibious assault transport of troops, equipment and supplies from assault ships and land bases)
EA-6B Prowler (EW, EA, ES, EP, HARM)
AV-8B Harrier 11 (Attack and destroy surface targets under day and night visual conditions.
KC130F/R/T Hercules (In-flight refueling; tactical transport)
F-18A/B/C Hornet (Intercept/attack and destroy)
F-18D (multi-sensor imagery recon, provide supporting arms)
List the armaments for each aviation platform.
AH-1W 20mm turreted cannon with 750 rounds. 4 external wing stations that can fire 2.75"/5" rockets. Tow/Sidewinder/Sidearm (anti radar)
CH-53E Two XM-218 .50 cals
UH-1N M-240, GAU-16 .50 caliber. Two 7-shot or 19-shot 2.75" rocket pods.
EA-6B ALQ-99 Tactical Jamming System, USQ-113 Comm Jammer, High Speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM)
AV-8B Seven external store stations, comprising six wing stations for AIM-9 Sidewinder, AGM-65 Maverick missiles. GAU-12 25mm six barrel gun. 300 round capacity ammo pod.
F-18A/B/C: 9 wing stations, 2 wingtip stations for AIM-7 Sparrows, AIM-9 Sidewinders, AMRAAMs, AGM-84 Harpoons. 2 inboard stations. MK80 general-purpose bombs. CBU-59 cluster bombs. AN M61 20mm six-barrel gun mounted in the nose. McDonnell Douglass director gun sight.
F-18D: AGM-65 Maverick
List the CREW for each aviation platform.
AH-1W: 2 officers
CH-46E: 4, Pilot, Copilot, Crew Chief, 1st Mechanic/Aerial Gunner
CH-53D: 4, Pilot, Copilot, Crew Chief, 1st Mechanic/Aerial Gunner
CH-53E: 4, Pilot, Copilot, Crew Chief, 1st Mechanic/Aerial Gunner
UH-1N: Officer-2, Enlisted-2
KC130F/R/T: 2 pilots, 1 navigator/systems operator, 1 flight engineer, 1 first mechanic, 1-2 loadmaster
State the MISSION for each aviation platform.
AH-1W: Fire support and security for forward and rear area forces
CH-46E: Troop assault (primary), movement of equip/supplies (sec)
CH-53D: Transport troops/supplies during amphib assault
CH-53E: Heavy lift - 16 tons 50 nautical miles and back. 16Klbs howitzer is typical load or 26Klbs LAV. 37 or 55 passengers
UH-1N: C/C, combat assault, medivac. 6 litter/1 attendant
MV-22B: Assault support
EA-6B: Collect tactical electronic order of battle
AV-8B: Attack and destroy surface/air targets, to escort helicopters, and to conduct other such air operations as may be directed.
KC130F/R/T: Multi-role/mission tactical tanker transport. Removable 3600 gallon fuel tank. Xfer 300 gpm to 2 aircraft simultaneously.
F-18A/B/C: Intercept and destroy enemy aircraft. Close air support, precision deep air support (radar search/attack), armed escort, SEAD
F-18D: Armed recon, multi-sensor imagery recon (pre/post strike target damage assessment)
Amphibious readiness group (5K personnel)
State the class ship for each of the following:
LHA: Tarawa (5 ships)
LSD: Harpers Ferry
State the features for each of the following:
LHA: Land and sustain USMs on any shore during hostilities. Holds 1 LCAC. Centerpiece of ARG. 3K personnel.
LHD: Improvement to Tarawa class. Carry 3 LCACS. Improved elevator and flight deck. 2 more helos than LHA
LPD: Combines 3 different classes. LSD (dock landing ship), LST (tank landing ship), LKA (attack cargo ship).
LSD: Launch LCACs. Can act as primary control ship during assault
Hospital Ships (HSS) are operated by who?
T-AH sealift command
What are the 2 missions of a hospital ship?
a) to provide mobile afloat capability
b) provide full-service hospital for use by government agencies involved in disaster relief and humanitarian operations.
How many ships are in the T-AK (sealift) cpl Louis J. Hauge Jr. clas?
How many maritime pre-positioning ships are there?
13 (pre-positioned in Diego Garcia). On location in west pac, indian ocean, Mediterranean sea.
What is war?
National power unable to achieve national objectives or protect national interests any other way.
What is MOOTW?
Focuses on deterring war
supporting civil authorities in response to domestic crises.
What is ARMS CONTROL?
International agreement governing the #s, types, performance characteristics of weapon systems. Example = Seizing WMD, escorting authorized deliveries of weapons.
What is antiterrorism?
DEFENSIVE measure used to reduce vulnerability to terrorist acts
What is counter terrorism?
OFFENSIVE measures taken to prevent, deter and respond to terrorism
What is enforcement of sanctions/maritime intercept operations?
Coercive measures to interdict the movement of certain types of designated items into or out of a nation or specified area.
EXAMPLE = Operation Support Democracy conducted off the coast of Haiti beginning in 1993
What is Enforcing exclusion zones?
Prohibited specified activities in specific geographic area.
EXAMPLE = operation Southern watch in Iraq (1992). Operation Deny Flight in Bosnia (1993)
What is ensuring freedom of navigation and over flight?
Demonstrates US or international rights to navigate sea or air routes.
EXAMPLE = Attain document (ops against Libya 1996), or Berlin air quarters
What is humanitarian assistance?
Relieve or reduce results of disasters or other endemic conditions
EXAMPLE = Sea Angel 1 (1991), Sea Angel 2 (1992) in Bangladesh
What is military support to civil authorities?
Temp support to domestic civil authorities when permitted by law, and are normally taken when an emergency overtaxes the capabilities of the civil authorities.
EXAMPLE: Hurricane Andrew 1992
What is Nation assistance/support to counterinsurgency?
Civil or military assistance rendered based on mutual agreements
EXAMPLE: Foreign military sales, economic support fund
What are noncombatant evacuation ops (NEO)?
Relocate threatened noncombatants from a foreign country.
EXAMPLE: Operation eastern exit 1991 from Somalia. Operation Quick lift from Zaire
What are Peace operations?
Military operations to support diplomatic efforts to reach a long term political settlement and categorized as peacekeeping ops (PKO)
EXAMPLE: Operation able sentry, US forces deployed to Macedonia in 1993 in support of the UN effort to limit the fighting in the former republic of Yugoslavia.
What is Protection of shipping?
Protection of US flag vessels and their property against unlawful violence in and over international waters.
EXAMPLE: Operation Earnest Will, the reflagging of Kuwaiti ships in 1987
What are strikes and raids?
Offensive operations conducted to inflict damage on, seize, or destroy an objective for political purposes.
EXAMPLE: Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya in 1986 in response to terrorist bombing in Berlin
Throughout history military planners have viewed cities as what?
Centers of gravity
Discuss the 5 examples of MOUT:
STALINGRAD (1942-1943): Soviet defense against Germans created task organized assault units. Greater than 1.63 million casualties.
BERLIN (1945): Soviet offensive to seize German capital concluded the last battle of WWII in Europe. Lasted 14=30 days. Casualties estimated in the thousands.
SEOL (1950): US and republic of Korea recaptured the South Korean capital from the North Koreans. Combat was centered on seizure of street barricades rather than buildings. 6-13 days with 2,383 casualties.
QUANG TRI i/ii (1972): Northern most major city in South Vietnam. Major urban battles of the Vietnam War. I) 6-13 days. II) 30 days +. Combined casualties 30K +
BEIRUT ii (1982): Israeli campaign to evict the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from Lebanon. >30 days with 2,300 casualties.
What are the 4 effects that noncombatants may have on military ops?
Mobility, Firepower, Security, Obstacle Employment