Flashcards in 12 - The National Strategy on the Prevention of HBV, HCV andHCC Deck (18)
How many people worldwide are living with viral hepatitis?
1 in 12
HBV and HCV cause what percentage of cirrhosis worldwide?
HBV and HCV cause what percentage of HCC worldwide?
What is the leading infectious cause of death in the USA?
How much money per year is spent on liver disease?
$5 - 10 billion
Goals for attacking this shit
Increase proportion aware of their HBV status to 66%
Increase proportion aware of their HCV status to 66%
Reduce new HCV infections by 25%
Eliminate mother-to-child HBV transmisison
Levels of disease prevention
Prevents disease from occurring
Catch early, halt progression
Screening for cancers
Eliminating allergens from asthma patients
Introduced in 1982
Safe & >90% effective
Recommended for newborns of HBV-infected mothers
Universally for infants in the US since 1991
High risk groups (IVDU, dialysis, etc)
Anyone with chronic liver disease
Recommended for those at high risk
Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG) AND HBV Vaccine
5th most common cancer worldwide
3rd most common cause of cancer death worldwide
Super closely linked to HBV
INCREASING prevalence worldwide
HCC Prevention Guidelines
Ultrasound every 6 months
Blood Test: Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP)
Glycoprotein elevated in patients with HCC
Not good for screening
Good for following course
Actually prevented HCC-related mortality!!!!
HCC Screening Test
We aren't using it nearly enough
Toxins related to HCC
Aflatoxin (mycotoxin contaminating corn, soybeans, peanuts)
Contaminated drinking water (pond shit)
HCC - Chemoprevention
Antiviral Treatment (HBV & HCV)