14 Asthma Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 14 Asthma Deck (13)
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1

Define asthma

Chronic inflammation of small airways

 

2

How common is asthma?

185 people hospitalised per day due to asthma- primarily paediatric

3

Outline the patholophysiology of asthma (ie what happens at a cellular/tissue level)?

Type 1 hypersensitivity reaction 

4

How does asthma present? (history and precipitating factors) 

5

If you saw this pair of lungs in a patients notes, what do the musical notes denote?

Musical notes= wheeze

6

Differentiate between the diagnosis of asthma vs COPD.

7

What is reversibility?

Change in lung function tests following inhalation of bronchodilator

8

Management of asthma depends on the probability of a patient having asthma. Outline what manangement would be apporpriate for high, intermediate and low probabilities of a patient having asthma.

9

How can secondary prevention be used to help patients with asthma?

10

What medications are used to treat asthma? (inflammation and bronchospasm targets)

11

How would you recognise acute severe asthma and life threatening asthma?

asthma increases a persons risk of pneuomothorax

12

How would you manage acute severe or life threatening asthma? 

13

Useful info for acute severe and life threatening asthma.