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Flashcards in 18 Lung Cancer Deck (13)
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1

What is the biggest risk factor for lung cancer? What are the other risk factors?

  • Smoking-biggest risk factor
  • Asbestos exposure
  • Radon exposure
  • Genetic factors
  • Dietary factors

2

How is tissue obtained from the lung for diagnostic purposes?

Bronchoscopy-->needle biopsy 

3

What staging type is used to stage lung cancer?

TNM staging-

Tumour (size and shape) 

Number of lymph nodes involved

Metastasis

4

Where does lung cancer spread to?

5

What staging tests can be done for lung cancer?

Imaging and Tissue sampling

Tissue sampling

  • Bronchoscopy guided, USS guided, CT guided

Usually take biopsy if lymph node affected 

6

What symptoms might a patient have with a primary lung cancer tumour?

7

Explain why a patient with regional/distant metastases of a lung tumour might present with each of these symptoms:

8

Why might a patient with a lung tumour have symptoms of: thirst/ constipation/seizures?

9

List some signs you might see in a patient with lung cancer:

10

List some paraneoplastic syndromes of lung cancer (think endocrine, neurological, haematological, cutaneous, skeletal) 

11

If a patient has suspected lung cancer, why might we not do a biopsy?

Cancer too advanced or patient to frail so not worth it to do biopsy 

12

What are the main types of lung carcinoma 

13

What treatment options are available for patients with lung cancer?