16.2 And 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 16.2 And 19 Deck (33):
1

What is a dilute solution

Solution that contains a small amount of solute

2

How is concentration expressed numerically

Moles of solute
-----------------
1L of solution

3

What are the units of concentration

Molar

4

What is molarity

The number of moles of solute dissolved in 1 liter of solution

5

Formula for concentration

Moles of solute divided by 1 liter of solution

6

What is the equation for a dilution

M1v1=m2v2

7

When an acid reacts with a base what are the products
What are the reactants and products of a neutralization reaction

Water and a salt

8

Properties of acids

Taste sour
Reacts with things with oh
Electrolytes
Indicators

9

Properties of bases

Bitter
Slippery
Electrolyte
Indicator

10

Formula for hydrogen ion

H+

11

What is h+

A proton

12

What is the formula for a hydroxide ion

OH-

13

What is the formula for a hydronium ion

H3O +

14

What is an Arrhenius acid

Hydrogen containing compound that ionizes to yield hydrogen ions in aqueous solution

15

What is an Arrhenius base

Compound that ionizes to yield hydroxide ions in aqueous solution

16

What is a bronsted Lowry acid

Hydrogen ion donor

17

What is a bronsted Lowry base

Hydrogen ion acceptor

18

Third type of acids and bases

Lewis

19

What is transferred between conjugate acid and base pairs

Hydrogen ion
Proton

20

What are monoprotic acids

1 ionizable hydrogen

21

Diprotic acids

2 ionizable hydrogens

22

Triprotic acids

Three ionizable hydrogens

23

CH3COOH how many protons

Mono

24

What is the self ionization reaction of water

H20 h+ + oh-
2H2o h3o+ + oh -

25

What is the concentration of hydrogen ions and hydroxide in a neutral solution of water

1.0x10^-7

26

What is the mathematical relationship between the concentrations of hydrogen ions and hydroxide

The ion product constant for water
[h+][Oh-]=1.0x10^-14

27

Formulas for ph and poh 5

pH=-log[h+]
pOH=-log[OH-]
pH +pOH=14
[OH-]=10^-pOH
[h+]=10^-pH

28

What pH are considered acidic

Less than 7

29

What pH are considered basic

Greater than 7

30

What is another term for basic solution

Alkaline

31

Difference between a string and weak acid or base

Strong - completely ionized in aqueous solution
Weak - ionize only slightly in aqueous solution

32

What is the equation for titration calculations

MaVa MbVb
------- = ----------
Na Nb

33

What is a concentrated solution

A solution that contains a large amount of solute