Chapters 7 and 9 Ionic bonding Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 7 and 9 Ionic bonding Deck (45):
0

How do you draw an electron dot structure?

1 on each side then double up

1

what are valence electrons

electrons in the highest occupied energy level

2

how do you tell how many valence electrons are in a representative element

the group number

3

what are cations

positively charged ions

4

what type of atoms makes cations

metal

5

how are cations named

name ion

6

what are the Roman numerals for

transition metals that have more than one ionization energy

7

what are anions

negatively charged ions

8

what type of atom makes anions

nonmetals

9

what suffix does a monatomic anion have

ide

10

what are two exceptions to ide monatomic

hydroxide
cyanide

11

what suffixes to polyatomic cations hve

ite
ate

12

which polyatomic suffix has one less oxygen than the other

ite

13

what do groups 1a-3a make

cations

14

what do groups 5a-7a make

anions

15

what is the octet rule

the atoms lose or gain electrons to have 8 valence electrons

16

what are the exceptions to the octet rule

H, He, Li, Be, B

17

what is the charge of silver

Ag +

18

what is the charge of cadmium

Cd 2+

19

what is the charge of zinc

Zn 2+

20

Ammonium

NH4 +

21

nitrite

NO2 -

22

Nitrate

NO3 -

23

Cyanide

CN -

24

Hydroxide

OH -

25

Carbonate

CO3 2-

26

Sulfite

SO3 2-

27

Sulfate

SO4 2-

28

Phosphate

PO4 3-

29

what happens to the electrons in an ionic bond

they are transferred

30

what types of atoms make an ionic bond

metals and nonmetals

31

what is a formula unit

the lowest whole number ratio of ions in an ionic compound

32

what is the net charge of any ionic compound

0

33

what is a binary compound

made up of 2 elements

34

what is the order of the name in an ionic compound

cation anion

35

what is the order of the terms in a chemical formula

cation, anion

36

PO4 3-

phosphate

37

SO4 2-

sulfate

38

SO3 2-

sulfite

39

CO3 2-

carbonate

40

OH -

hydroxide

41

CN -

cyanide

42

NO3 -

nitrate

43

NO2 -

nitrite

44

NH4 +

ammonium