19. War and Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 19. War and Revolution Deck (28):
1

What is the change from Old imperialism to the New Imperialism beginning in 1870? In Africa and Asia

Focused on trade --> Political control

2

best, most aggressive example of the new imperialism

"scramble for Africa"

3

Where was the conference for "Scramble for Africa" held?

Berlin

4

After the partitioning of Africa, which countries remained independent?

Only Liberia and Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

5

In 1879, Bismarck's goals of isolating France led to:

Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy, then later with Russia also

6

After William II forced Bismarck to resign, how were his policies like?

Very aggressive and set Germany on a new course

7

What was William II's major aggressive policy?

challenging Britain's long-standing naval supremacy by embarking on an expensive program of naval expansion

8

How did France react to Germany's alliances?

Triple Entente with Russia and Britain

9

Why did the Balkan Peninsula become a powder keg of competing interests?

b/c the power of Ottoman Empire receded

10

most of Balkan population spoke: _____, major nationalist movement: ______

Slavic language, Pan-Slavism

11

which newly independent nation quickly became the leader of the Pan-Slavic movement?

Serbia

12

Who assassinated who which plunged Europe into war?

Slav nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian Throne

13

What is the Schlieffen Plan?
did they succeed?

Germany's plan for a lightning all-out attack on France to knock them out before Russia could fully mobilize
-No

14

Germany's first act of war?

attcked neutral Belgium, which enraged Britain who declared war on Germany

15

Total War

gov'ts mobilized all human and industrial resources in order to wage total war

16

In 1918, what happened that is important to the history of women?

Parliament granted the suffrage to women over 30

17

The Russian Revolution saw an end to what dynasty and who was the last inept ruler?

Romanov rule, Nicholas II

18

What gov't and who replaced the tsar in Russian Revoluion(RR)?

provisional government led by Alexander Kerensky

19

Lenin= ________ revolution

Bolshevik

20

Lenin's popular communist slogan

"Peace, Land, and Bread"

21

Lenin's Key ideas(3):

- denounced gradual reform
- communist revolution was possible in non industrialized country such as Russia
- due to Russia's small working class, leadership would have to come from highly disciplined group of professional revolutionaries

22

What attempted to overthrow the Bolsheviks?

"White" armies

23

Who formed the "Red Army" in response to "white" armies and defeated them?

Leon Trotsky

24

What did the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk end?

The Russian Front in WWI

25

Realizing that defeat was imminent, William II abdicated his throne. What happened to gov't in Germany then?

became a republic

26

Treaty of Versailles:
1. Germany's land?
2. created what new nation?

- Alsace-Lorraine back to France, and German territories in Africa and Pacific were given as mandates to Britain, France, and Japan
- Poland

27

What is a mandate

territory that was administered on behalf of the League of Nations

28

New map of europe after WWI

1. Austri-Hungary dissolved into separate states
2. Creation of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia from territories of Austria-Hungary
3. Finland and three Baltic states emerged from Russia