3. Italian Renaissance Flashcards Preview

Ap European History > 3. Italian Renaissance > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3. Italian Renaissance Deck (16):
1

Quattrocento

fifteenth century

2

Medici's source of wealth

Bankers & Textile Merchants

3

Most Famous Medici?
Florentine Renaissance reaches its peak under this guy.

Lorenzo the Magnificent

4

Medieval Mind-set of thinkers?

(NOTE: medieval ≠ renaissance spirit)

- Life is insignificant
- for the glory of God

5

Major Change in thinkers' mindsets from Medieval to Renaissance?

What is a good symbolism (example) for this?

- Celebration of Individual: FAME

- Portrait painting and autobiography

6

virtú

Renaissance individualism

7

"Oration on the Dignity of Man"

by Giovanni Mirandola
celebrates the human potential for greatness

8

humanists

scholars who studied the classical texts and cultures of ancient Greece and Rome

9

Who scorned medieval years by referring to it as "the Dark Ages"?

Petrarch

10

"The Courtier"

by Baldassare Castiglione
explained how upper-class men & women to become accomplished courtiers:: strive to become "universal man"

11

Death of Lorenzo the Magnificent --
Year?
Led to?

- 1492
- End of Florence golden age

12

What happened in 1494, after death of Lorenzo the Mag?

King Charles VIII of France invaded Italy to conquer Naples
Spain's Ferdinand also contested
Thus leading to Hapsburg-Valois Wars

13

Hapsburg-Valois Wars (a.k.a.:?)
involved?

- Italian Wars
- city states of Italy, Papal states, most of major states of Western Europe

14

"The Prince"

by Machiavelli
advise to Italian rulers that ruthless statecraft was needed to unite his war-torn and divided Italian homeland.

15

Machiavelli's view on humans

very pessimistic. assumed humans were "evil"

16

Hapsburg-Valois Wars years?

1494 ~ 1559