Flashcards in 3. Italian Renaissance Deck (16):
Medici's source of wealth
Bankers & Textile Merchants
Most Famous Medici?
Florentine Renaissance reaches its peak under this guy.
Lorenzo the Magnificent
Medieval Mind-set of thinkers?
(NOTE: medieval ≠ renaissance spirit)
- Life is insignificant
- for the glory of God
Major Change in thinkers' mindsets from Medieval to Renaissance?
What is a good symbolism (example) for this?
- Celebration of Individual: FAME
- Portrait painting and autobiography
"Oration on the Dignity of Man"
by Giovanni Mirandola
celebrates the human potential for greatness
scholars who studied the classical texts and cultures of ancient Greece and Rome
Who scorned medieval years by referring to it as "the Dark Ages"?
by Baldassare Castiglione
explained how upper-class men & women to become accomplished courtiers:: strive to become "universal man"
Death of Lorenzo the Magnificent --
- End of Florence golden age
What happened in 1494, after death of Lorenzo the Mag?
King Charles VIII of France invaded Italy to conquer Naples
Spain's Ferdinand also contested
Thus leading to Hapsburg-Valois Wars
Hapsburg-Valois Wars (a.k.a.:?)
- Italian Wars
- city states of Italy, Papal states, most of major states of Western Europe
advise to Italian rulers that ruthless statecraft was needed to unite his war-torn and divided Italian homeland.
Machiavelli's view on humans
very pessimistic. assumed humans were "evil"