Flashcards in 4. Northern Renaissance Deck (18):
Italian humanists VS. Northern humanists
Northern humanists = Christian humanists
They not only studied classical texts, also studied early Christian Texts and more concerned w/ religious piety
"Prince of the humanists" in the north
Most influential humanist of the northern renaissance
What did Desidarius Erasmus write?
What's it about?
"The praise of folly"
Witty satire that poked fun at greedy merchants, priests, and scholars, especially to church leaders like pope Julius II
"What do I know?"
Most influential writer of French Renaissance
Gutenberg's printing press's first full work
Effect of printing press
Quickly spread works of humanists
Was difficult for authorities to suppress b/c of the profusion
Consequences of new monarchs? Which coutries?
Consolidated royal power and created foundation for modern nation-states in France, England, and Spain.
To what extent did new monarchs have power compared to medieval kings?
Although they strengthened royal power, Did not gain absolute power.
Age of absolutism came seventeenth century
French monarchs reigning from 1422 ~ 1547
Charles VII (1422-1461) -> Louis XI (1461-1483) -> Francis I (1515-1547)
English monarchs reigning from 1485 ~ 1547
Henry VII (1485-1509) -> Henry VIII (1509-1547)
Charles VII's achievement
Successfully won the 100 years' war
Created first permanent royal army
Louis XI's achievement
Economic growth through silk weaving
Francis I's achievement
Concordat of Bologna,
also, first to be called "Your Majesty"
Concordat of Bologna
Year, between which two people?
- 1516, Francis I and Pope Leo X
- allowed the king to nominate high officials of the Catholic Church in France. This gave French monarch administrative control over the church
Henry VII's achievement
created court known as Star Chamber
Henry VIII's achievement
declared the king supreme head of Church of England, severing ties with Catholic Church
"one king, one law, one faith"
Who said it and describes what?
Isabella, Spanish Kingdom