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Flashcards in 4. Northern Renaissance Deck (18):
0

Italian humanists VS. Northern humanists

Northern humanists = Christian humanists

They not only studied classical texts, also studied early Christian Texts and more concerned w/ religious piety

1

"Prince of the humanists" in the north

Most influential humanist of the northern renaissance

Desidarius Erasmus

2

What did Desidarius Erasmus write?

What's it about?

"The praise of folly"

Witty satire that poked fun at greedy merchants, priests, and scholars, especially to church leaders like pope Julius II

3

"What do I know?"

Most influential writer of French Renaissance

Michel Montaigne

4

Gutenberg's printing press's first full work

Mazarine Bible

5

Effect of printing press

Quickly spread works of humanists

Was difficult for authorities to suppress b/c of the profusion

6

Consequences of new monarchs? Which coutries?

Consolidated royal power and created foundation for modern nation-states in France, England, and Spain.

8

To what extent did new monarchs have power compared to medieval kings?

Although they strengthened royal power, Did not gain absolute power.

Age of absolutism came seventeenth century

9

French monarchs reigning from 1422 ~ 1547

Charles VII (1422-1461) -> Louis XI (1461-1483) -> Francis I (1515-1547)

10

English monarchs reigning from 1485 ~ 1547

Henry VII (1485-1509) -> Henry VIII (1509-1547)

11

Charles VII's achievement

Successfully won the 100 years' war

Created first permanent royal army

12

Louis XI's achievement

Economic growth through silk weaving

13

Francis I's achievement

Concordat of Bologna,
also, first to be called "Your Majesty"

14

Concordat of Bologna
Year, between which two people?
Description?

- 1516, Francis I and Pope Leo X
- allowed the king to nominate high officials of the Catholic Church in France. This gave French monarch administrative control over the church

15

Henry VII's achievement

created court known as Star Chamber

16

Henry VIII's achievement

declared the king supreme head of Church of England, severing ties with Catholic Church

17

"one king, one law, one faith"
Who said it and describes what?

Isabella, Spanish Kingdom

18

Who published an edition of Greek New Testament? Why?

Desiderius Erasmus, he hoped to inspire spiritual renewal in reforming the Roman Catholic Church
But he never really broke off from it