1939-1951 (The People's War and Peace)- Political Flashcards Preview

Year 13 History- Britain > 1939-1951 (The People's War and Peace)- Political > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1939-1951 (The People's War and Peace)- Political Deck (16)
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1

give 5 reasons why chamberlain failed at the start of ww2?

-appeasement
-economy wasn't organised for war
-failed to win support from all parties to form national gov for war
-didn't want to be a war leader
-failed campaign in norway caused resignation

2

why was it so important to have labour ministers like atlee and greenwood in the war coalition cabinet?

could work better with TUs than tories can

3

who won the 1945 election?

labour

4

who was deputy PM during ww2?

atlee (labour)

5

give 2 criticisms of churchill as pm?

impulsive in his decisions
acted like a dictator at times

6

what was E. Bevin's position in the war cabinet?

minister of labour and national service

7

what was beaverbrook's position in the war cabinet?

minister for aircraft production

8

what was the position of Wood between 1940 and 1943, and name a key policy of theirs?

chancellor
'pay as you earn' income tax

9

what was eden's position in the war cabinet?

foreign secretary

10

how many seats did labour and the tories each win in 1945?

labour=393
tories=213

11

why did pre war politics help labour win in 1945?

many blames the tories for the unemployment etc of the 1930s

12

give 3 key reasons for labours 1945 win?

-pre war politics
-impact of the war
-1945 election campaigns

13

how did the war impact on the 1945 labour win?

-shift to left wing ideologies/TU movements
-beveridge report (although Liberal, adopted by labour)
-atlee etc. proved heroic during the war

14

how the the 1945 election campaign impact the result?

-tories complacent over churchills position
-labours 'let us face the future' was inspiring post war
-no election for 10 years=20% voting for the first time=increased chance of labour votes

15

give 3 positives of atlee as pm?

effective chairman
balanced different ideologies within labour
diplomatic and popular

16

give labours 3 key aims between 1945 and 1951?

nationalisation
nhs
welfare state