how long did the conservatives rule for from 1951?
who was pm between 1951 and 1955, but who was seen as the true leader and why?
‘true leader’=eden- churchill was an absentee pm
give 3 reasons why churchill was an absentee pm?
- stroke in 1953 and other ill health
- old (he was 80 when he retired in 1955)
- preferred international diplomacy to domestic, day to day running of gb
who were the 3 main leaders of the government in churchills absence?
who was there tensions between in the government?
butler and macmillan
what were the results of the 1955 election?
who became pm in 1955?
what position was macmillan in churchills government?
what position was macmillan in edens government?
what was a criticism of eden as pm?
inexperienced with domestic issues=hesitant in decisions
what was edens major downfall?
outline the suez crisis?
- 1956=israel attacked egypt
- gb and france demand end to fighting, and when this is ignored they bomb egypt and attack the suez canal
- became clear that gb, france and israel had been planning a joint attack
- eden lied to HoC about this
what was the backlash of the suez crisis?
- 40 tories resign in protest
- labour MPs attack eden
- gb seems weak when condemned by the USA, causing a run on the £
- eden resigned in early 1957 (over “ill health”)
who replaced eden as pm?
define ‘one nation conservative’?
all classes have a responsibility for each other (basically mild socialism)
why was macmillan revolutionary with the media?
first pm to used tv as a political medium
what did prescription costs increase to under the conservatives, but why wasn’t this a big deal?
the had left the nhs to run as labour intended and it was working well
give 2 acts of the tory government aimed to improve health and wellbeing?
1956 clean air act=reduce smog
housing/factory acts=improve workers wellbeings
what position did butler hold after 1955, and why was this important?
he was much more liberal
what 2 acts did butler push for?
- 1957 homocide act=restricted use of the death penalty
- 1957 wolfenden commission= recommended homosexual behaviour should no longer be criminal
what was national service?
all men 18-21 had to serve 2 years in the military
why was labour still divided?
gaitskell and bevan both ran for party leadership in 1955 (G won)
- gaitskell was on the more rw side, bevan the lw
- rw wanted to revise Clause IV (nationalisation)
- lw wanted more socialism and more nationalisation
what were the only 2 nationalised areas the tories denationalised?
give 4 areas on consensus politics between the tories and labour?
- gov intervention socially and economically
- full employment (tories scarred after 1930s)
- nhs and welfare state
- cooperate with TUs