1951-1957 (Never had it so good?)- Political Flashcards Preview

Year 13 History- Britain > 1951-1957 (Never had it so good?)- Political > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1951-1957 (Never had it so good?)- Political Deck (24)
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1

how long did the conservatives rule for from 1951?

13 years

2

who was pm between 1951 and 1955, but who was seen as the true leader and why?

pm=churchill
'true leader'=eden- churchill was an absentee pm

3

give 3 reasons why churchill was an absentee pm?

-stroke in 1953 and other ill health
-old (he was 80 when he retired in 1955)
-preferred international diplomacy to domestic, day to day running of gb

4

who were the 3 main leaders of the government in churchills absence?

eden
butler
macmillan

5

who was there tensions between in the government?

butler and macmillan

6

what were the results of the 1955 election?

cons=344 seats
labour=277 seats

7

who became pm in 1955?

eden

8

what position was macmillan in churchills government?

housing minister

9

what position was macmillan in edens government?

foreign secretary

10

what was a criticism of eden as pm?

inexperienced with domestic issues=hesitant in decisions

11

what was edens major downfall?

suez crisis

12

outline the suez crisis?

-1956=israel attacked egypt
-gb and france demand end to fighting, and when this is ignored they bomb egypt and attack the suez canal
-became clear that gb, france and israel had been planning a joint attack
-eden lied to HoC about this

13

what was the backlash of the suez crisis?

-40 tories resign in protest
-labour MPs attack eden
-gb seems weak when condemned by the USA, causing a run on the £
-eden resigned in early 1957 (over "ill health")

14

who replaced eden as pm?

macmillan

15

define 'one nation conservative'?

all classes have a responsibility for each other (basically mild socialism)

16

why was macmillan revolutionary with the media?

first pm to used tv as a political medium

17

what did prescription costs increase to under the conservatives, but why wasn't this a big deal?

2 shillings

the had left the nhs to run as labour intended and it was working well

18

give 2 acts of the tory government aimed to improve health and wellbeing?

1956 clean air act=reduce smog
housing/factory acts=improve workers wellbeings

19

what position did butler hold after 1955, and why was this important?

home secretary
he was much more liberal

20

what 2 acts did butler push for?

-1957 homocide act=restricted use of the death penalty
-1957 wolfenden commission= recommended homosexual behaviour should no longer be criminal

21

what was national service?

introduced 1947
all men 18-21 had to serve 2 years in the military

22

why was labour still divided?

gaitskell and bevan both ran for party leadership in 1955 (G won)
-gaitskell was on the more rw side, bevan the lw
-rw wanted to revise Clause IV (nationalisation)
-lw wanted more socialism and more nationalisation

23

what were the only 2 nationalised areas the tories denationalised?

steel
road transport

24

give 4 areas on consensus politics between the tories and labour?

-gov intervention socially and economically
-full employment (tories scarred after 1930s)
-nhs and welfare state
-cooperate with TUs