1939-1951 (The People's War and Peace)- Social Flashcards Preview

Year 13 History- Britain > 1939-1951 (The People's War and Peace)- Social > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1939-1951 (The People's War and Peace)- Social Deck (35)
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1

what was the final age bracket of conscription (1942)?

18-51 y/o men

2

what did older men serve in?

home guard (dad's army)

3

what was the size of GBs armed forces by 1943?

4.5m

4

give 2 positives of the demand for men in the army/labour?

-unemployment disappeared by 1943
-male wage increased 80%

5

who could be conscripted into war work?

unmarried women aged 19-30

6

how many women worked in auxiliary?

500k

7

what % of married women were working in ww2?

80%

8

give 1 limitation of womens work during ww2?

rarely got 70% of mans wage

9

what was a criticism of evacuation of children?

many were neglected by adoptive families (particularly wc children)

10

how many people went to the cinema each week?

30m

11

what was the governments key tool to get to the masses?

bbc
became propaganda/morale boosting source

12

where was the anderson shelter placed?

back garden

13

what was the first phase of the blitz?

40-42
night raids

14

what was the second phase of the blitz?

44-45
v1/v2 rockets

15

how many copies did the beveridge report sell?

600k

16

when was the beveridge report?

1942

17

what was the 5 giants that needed addressing according to beveridge?

want
sickness
lack of education
bad housing
unemployment

18

what 4 revolutions to the welfare system did beveridge suggest?

-national ins. universal and comprehensive
-single weekly insurance for health, employment and old age pension
-end means testing
-universal national minimum benefit for everyone

19

what was the leaving age increased to with the 1944 butler education act?

15

20

give 5 parts of the welfare state for children and families?

-1944 education act
-1945 family allowance act
-1945 housing programme
-1946 new towns act
-1946 town and countryside act

21

outline the 1945 family allowance act?

5 shillings paid per child to family

22

outline the 1945 housing programme?

1.5m homes and 250k prefabs built

23

outline the 1946 new towns act?

new towns like stevenage around london after bombings

24

outline the 1946 town and countryside act?

establishment of green belt
local authorities had to plan/approve future developments

25

give 2 parts of the welfare state for workers?

1946 industrial industries act
1946 national insurance act

26

outline the 1946 industrial industries act?

covered whole workforce and paid benefits/compensation for illness/injury whilst working

27

outline the 1946 national insurance act?

universal
comprehensive in risks covered

28

who did the 1948 national assistance act help?

the destitute

29

outline the 1948 national assistance act?

-basic financial help for those who fell through benefits net
-ended poor law
-passed responsibility for poor to central gov
-forced local authorities to provide accommodation to homeless

30

when was the nhs passed and when did it become effective?

passed 46
active 48