2.01 Introduction to Cell Module Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.01 Introduction to Cell Module Deck (17)
1

Father of modern pathology

Rudolf Carl Virchow

2

All cells develop only from existing cells

Omnis cellula e cellula

3

Contains cellular genetic material

Nucleus

4

Gel-like substance that fills up the cell

Cytoplasm

5

A lipid bilayer that separates the cell from the external environment

Cell Membrane

6

Compartmentalized

Eukaryotic cell

7

Lack of defined internal compartment

Bacterium (Prokaryotic cell)

8

Supramolecular assembly

Virus

9

Major reactant for photosynthesis
Where majority of biological interactions take place
Crucial in building and breaking down of biomolecules

Water

10

Biological polymers are made through the process of ______

Condensation

11

Biological polymers are broken by the process of _____

Hydrolysis

12

Replication, transcription, translation

Central Dogma

13

Polymers of alpha-amino acids liked by peptide bonds

Protein

14

Built from monosaccharides, linked by glycosidic bonds

Carbohydrate

15

Nucleotides linked by 3'-5' phosphodiester bonds

Nucleic acids

16

Non-polar molecules, linked by ester bonds

Lipids

17

2 major classes of lipids

Fatty-acid based
Isoprene-based