2.22 Ethics and Society Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.22 Ethics and Society Deck (24)
1

We are shaped by:

Family
School
Community
School
Gender
Religion
Professions
Companies
Countries

2

While we are so defined, we are not entirely aware ___ and __

How these factors influence us
Extent of their influences

3

True or false
If we do not know how dramatically the community influences us, our natural tendency is to believe the community and not question.

True

4

True or false
It is of little importance to be aware of how these factors influence us in making moral decision.

False
If we are not aware of how these factors shape us, we will just mimic what our communities have traditionally accepted to be correct.

5

True or false
In differentiation we understand ourselves.

True

6

True or false
We only know how different we are once we are exposed to different cultures

True

7

True or false
Due to climate change, we experience everyday disasters.

False
Due to social networking and media, information is readily accessible. Hence, we just become more aware of the current events.

8

With the world as business's staging area the digital native's employment is about being ____

Globally savvy, culturally sensitive

9

3 Layers of culture

Outer
Middle
Core

10

Most obvious layer of culture
What we see are manifestations of the values of our culture

Outer layer

11

May be informal rules
Rules not necessarily written
Values animate the explicit outer layer

Middle layer

12

World view
Assumed not examined by natives to a culture
Transcend the culture

Core layer

13

Theory which claims that because different societies have different ethical beliefs there is no rational way of determining whether an actions is morally right or wrong other than by asking whether the people of this or that society believe it is morally right or wrong

Ethical relativism

14

True or false
In ethical relativism, cultural sensitivity means we must do or act accordingly to that particular culture

True

15

True or false
In ethical relativism, there are no standards that are absolutely true and should be applied to the companies and people of all societies

True

16

True or false
Relativism holds that something is right for the people or companies in one particular society if it accord with their moral standards, and wrong for them if it violates their moral standards.

True

17

True or false
Even if we dig beneath the surface, there are only cultural differences.

False
We will see similarities if we dig beneath the surface

18

Search for universals
Buildings are different because of the natural conditions of our countries

Protection from elements, comfort, to gather the family

19

Search for universals
Some bury their dead, others burn them.

Respect for the dead

20

Search for universals
Some live in before marriage; others marry in church

Commitment

21

Pertains to inherited standards of right and wrong from the community

Morality

22

True or false
Search for universals
Cultural sensitivity means that there are no objective truths in morality

False

23

Study of our standards of right and wrong

Ethics

24

In order to cut the habitual response, we need __

Reflective distance