2.1 Local energy budgets Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.1 Local energy budgets Deck (13)
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1

Albedo

Reflectivity of the Earth's surfaces

2

Atmosphere

Mixture of gases, mainly hydrogen, oxygen, argon, carbon dioxide, and water vapour. That surround the earth.

3

Climate

Average weather conditions of an are over a period of years.

4

Conduction

Transfer of heat by contact

5

Convection

Transfer of heat by the movement of a gas or liquid.

6

Latent hear transfer

Transfer of energy via evaporation and condensation.
Water turned into vapour, heat used up. Water becomes liquid, heat is released.

7

Sensible heat transfer

Transfer of energy by convection and conduction

8

Inversion

Situation in which cold air is found closer to the ground and warmer air is found above it. Common in valleys and basins.

9

Radiation

Emission of electromagnetic waves, like x-ray and short and long-waves.

10

Long-wave radiation

Radiation from a relatively cold body, such as the earth.

11

Short-wave radiation

AKA ultra violet radiation, it is radiation from a very hot body, such as the sun. It travels in short wave lengths.

12

Weather

The state of the atmosphere at a given place or time.

13

I insolation

Incoming solar radiation