3.3 Changing structure of urban settlements Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.3 Changing structure of urban settlements Deck (14)
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1

CBD

Central Business District

2

Concentric zone

Region of an urban area, circular in shape surrounding the CBD and other regions.

3

Functional zonation

Pattern of land uses in an urban area whereby distinctive retail, office, manufacturing and residential zones can be recognized

4

Zone in transition (twilight zone)

Area just beyond the CBD that is characterised by a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land use.

5

Bid-rent

Decreasing accessibility from the centre of an urban are.

6

Sector

Section of an urban area with shape of a wedge beginning at the edge of the CBD gradually widening to the periphery.

7

Urban density gradient

The rate at which population density and land use falls off with increasing distance from the centre of the city.

8

Deindustrialisation

Long-term decline of employment in manufacturing .

9

Post-industrial city

City whose economy is dominated by services and new high-tech industries

10

Constrained location theory

Identifies the problems encountered by manufacturing firms in congested cities.

11

Rural-urban fringe

Boundary zone where rural and urban land meet.

12

Key workers

Public sector professional or semi-professional workers

13

Spatial competition

Competition for space by different land uses in various parts of an urban area.

14

Residential segregation

Division of an urban area into districts of low, medium and high-income housing.