3.4 Management of urban settlements Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.4 Management of urban settlements Deck (12)
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1

Slums

Run-down areas of a city characterised by substandard housing and squalor and lacking in tenure security

2

Favelas

Brazilian term for an informal, shanty-type settlement.

3

Corticos

Decaying formal housing, mainly in the inner city.

4

Human Development index

Composite index of development devised by United Nations. Includes life expectancy, educational attainment and GDP per capita.

5

Self-help housing initiatives

Partnership between communities and local government where local government provides materials and community supplies labour.

6

Shanty towns

Area of slum housing.

7

Soft infrastructure

Housing, educations, health, leisure and other associated facilities.

8

hard infrastructure

Transportation, communication, sewage water, electricity systems, etc

9

Quality of life

Term that sums up all the factors that affect a person's general wellbeing.

10

Deprivation

When an individual's wellbeing falls below a certain level

11

Social exclusion

Process where certain groups are pushed to the margins of society and prevented from participating.

12

In situ urbanisation

Process that occurs when rural settlements transform themselves into urban or quasi-urban.