3.2 Urban Trends and issues of urbanisation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.2 Urban Trends and issues of urbanisation Deck (16)
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1

Urban revolution

Major change in the form of development of settlements due to technological advances.

2

Urbanisation

Process by which the number of people living in urban settlements increases

3

Urban growth

Absolute increase in a physical size and total population of urban areas.

4

Cycle of urbanisation

The stages of urban change from growth of a city to counterurbanisation through reurbanisation.

5

Suburbanisation

Outward groth of towns and cities to engulf surrounding villages and rural areas.

6

Counterurbanisation

Process of population decentralisation as people move from large urban areas to smaller urban settlements.

7

Reurbanisation

The rise in population of a city after a period of decline

8

Land use zoning

Mapping exercise that decides how land should be used.

9

Urban development

Complete clearance of existing buildings and site infrastructure and construction of new buildings.

10

Urban renewal

Keeping the best elements of urban environments and adapting them to new usages.

11

Infrastructure

Built facilities, generally publicly funded.

12

Cumulative causation (ask)

The process that impulses to economic growth

13

Gentrification

Process by which wealthier people move into and restore run-down housing in a neglected area.

14

Residential mosaic

Complex pattern of different residential areas within a city. Shows variations in socio-economic status.

15

Accessibility

Ease with which a place can be reached from other locations.

16

Global (world) city

City that is judged to be important point in the global economic system