2.2 Global energy budget Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.2 Global energy budget Deck (11)
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1

Anticyclone

High pressure system

2

Aspect

Direction in which a slope faces

3

Continentality

Climate characteristic of a continental area. Having very hot summers and very cold winters.

4

Coriolis effect

Effect that causes any body that moves freely with respect to the rotating earth. Right in the northern hemisphere and left in the southern.

5

El Nino

Abnormal warming of surface waters in the east equatorial Pacific Ocean due to climatic disturbances around the world.

6

Frontal rainfall

Rain formed when warm air is forced to rise over denser cold air when two different air masses meet at front.

7

General Circulation Model

Model of the general circulation of atmosphere based on convection.

8

Jet Streams

Fast flowing currents of air found near the tropopause. Major ones are meandering westerly winds.

9

Pressure (air)

Refers to pressure at any point on the Earth's surface that is due to the weight of air above it.

10

Prevailing wind

The direction from which the wind is blowing from.

11

Thermohaline circulation (THC)

Ocean conveyor belt. Deepwater ocean convection current that moves cold water at depth from polar areas.